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Biographies
 Ahmed Zog,
 Alexander I,
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 Beck, Fritz
 Blomberg, Werner von
 Bresslaw, Bernard
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 Chamberlain, Neville
 Chen, Yun
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 Gerth, Daniel
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 Hoess, Rudolf Franz Ferdinand
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 Leopold III,
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The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

1934
Minister
Flandin, Gaston-Pierre-Etienne
  40 Appointed Minister of Public Works
1934
Commander
Peng, Dehuai
 Jan Appointed Commander during the Long March
 Jan Appointed Commander during the Long March
1934
Congress of Ruijing
Tse-Tung, Mao
 Jan Supports Russia & its achievements & says the Communist army will be victorious
1934
Long March
Peng, Dehuai
 Jan Appointed Commander during the Long March
1934
Legislation
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 1st Sterilization measures come into effect to prevent hereditary illness
1934
Letter
Rohm, Ernst
 Jan 1st Thanked by Hitler for "services rendered to the National Socialist movement"
1934
Execution
Lubbe, Marinus van der
 Jan 10th Guillotined in a Leipzig prison yard, three days before his 25th birthday
1934
Reichstag Fire
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 10th Van der Lubbe is beheaded in a German prison yard after being found guilty of the Reichstag fire
1934
Reichstag Fire
Lubbe, Marinus van der
 Jan 10th Van der Lubbe is beheaded in a German prison yard after being found guilty of the Reichstag fire
1934
Birth
Chretien, Josep Jacques Jean
 Jan 11th Birth of Josep Jacques Jean Chretien
1934
Birth
Briggs, Raymond
 Jan 17th Birth of Raymond Briggs
1934
Birth
Domingo, Placido
 Jan 21st Birth of Placido Domingo
1934
Alliance
Pilsudski, Josef Klemens
 Jan 24th Attempts to undermine France's Alliances with Eastern Europe
 Jan 24th Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland
1934
Diplomacy
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 24th Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland
1934
Pact
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 24th Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland
1934
Pact
Pilsudski, Josef Klemens
 Jan 24th Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland
1934
Treaty of Non Aggression
Pilsudski, Josef Klemens
 Jan 24th Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland
1934
Diplomacy
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 26th Diffuses aggressive intentions & draws Poland away from an Alliance with France
 Jan 26th Signs a pact of non-aggression with Poland
1934
Political Parties
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 Jan 30th All political parties are banned except for the "Fatherland Front"
1934
Plot
Hitler, Adolf
 Feb Hitler makes Rohm sign an agreement with Blomber restricting the activity of ths SA
1934
Purge
Blomberg, Werner von
 Feb Hitler makes Rohm sign an agreement with Blomber restricting activity of the SA
1934
Reform
Blomberg, Werner von
 Feb Hitler makes Rohm sign an agreement with Blomber restricting activity of the SA
1934
Reform
Hitler, Adolf
 Feb Hitler makes Rohm sign an agreement with Blomber restricting the activity of ths SA
1934
Rule of China
Saito, Makoto
 Feb Japan proclaims a protectorate over China, an "Asiatic Monroe Doctrine"
1934
Treaty of Balkans
Titulescu, Nicholas
 Feb 9th The Balkan Pact reflects the work of the Romanian Foreign Minister, Nicholas Titulescu
 Feb 9th The Turkish, Greek, Romanian, and Yugoslav Governments sign the Balkan Pact
 Feb 9th Turkey, Greece, Romania & Yugoslavia mutually guarantee the security of the Balkan frontiers & pledge not to take any action with regard to any Balkan non-signatory state without previous consultation
1934
Treaty of Balkans
Ataturk, Maustafa Kemal
 Feb 9th Turkey, Greece, Romania & Yugoslavia mutually guarantee the security of the Balkan frontiers & pledge not to take any action with regard to any Balkan non-signatory state without previous consultation
 Feb 9th The Turkish, Greek, Romanian, and Yugoslav Governments sign the Balkan Pact
1934
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 Feb 16th Trade treaty signed between Britain & Russia
1934
Treaty of Trade
Stalin, Joseph
 Feb 16th Trade treaty signed between Britain & Russia
1934
Rebellion
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 Feb 17th Crushes a socialist rebellion
1934
Succession
Leopold III
 Feb 23rd Succeeds as King of Belgium
1934
Birth
Bresslaw, Bernard
 Feb 25th Birth of Bernard Bresslaw
1934
Strike
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Mar A strike breaks out in Saragossa
1934
Birth
Hackett, Joan Ann
 Mar 1st Birth of Joan Ann Hackett
1934
Francqui Prize
Lemaitre, Georges Henri Joseph Édouard
 Mar 17th Lemaître receives the Francqui Prize, the highest Belgian scientific distinction, from King Léopold III, his proposers are Albert Einstein, Charles de la Vallée-Poussin and Alexandre de Hemptinne
1934
Diplomacy
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 Mar 24th The US promises the Philippines independence
1934
Independence
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 Mar 24th The US promises the Philippines independence
1934
Reform
Stanley, Oliver
 Mar 26th Driving tests become mandatory
1934
Rebellion
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Mar 31st Mussolini promises arms to the Carlists
 Mar 31st Mussolini promises arms to the Carlists
1934
Amu Settlement
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Diplomacy
Baldwin, Stanley
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Diplomacy
Saito, Makoto
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Diplomacy
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Rule of China
Saito, Makoto
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Rule of China
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Settlement Amu
Baldwin, Stanley
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Settlement Amu
Saito, Makoto
 April Japan issues the "Amu-Settlement", a "hands off" China warning to the USA & Britain
1934
Birth
Meinhof, Ulrike Marie
 April 7th Birth of Ulrike Marie Meinhof
1934
Constitution
Hitler, Adolf
 April 7th Abolishes state assemblies & transfers all sovereign power to the Reich
1934
Demonstrations
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
 April 7th Suspends the campaign of civil disobedience
1934
Armament
Eden, Robert Anthony
 April 17th Attempts a 4 power convention for a rearmament settlement with the Germans
 April 17th The French refuse to negotiate & allow any increase in German arms
1934
Diplomacy
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 April 17th Japan forbids any outside help for the nationalists
1934
Gestapo
Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 April 20th Goering forms a partnership with Himmler and Heydrich, placing the Gestapo under their control, in order to crush the SA
1934
Reform
Goering, Herman
 April 20th Goering hands over the Gestapo to Himmler
1934
Reform
Himmler, Heinrich
 April 20th Goering hands over the Gestapo to Himmler
 April 20th Himmler has control over the SS, Gestapo (political police) & SD (secret police)
1934
Sicherheitsdienst
Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 April 20th Goering forms a partnership with Himmler and Heydrich, placing the Gestapo under their control, in order to crush the SA
1934
Diplomacy
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 April 22nd Japan forbids any Government to deal with the nationalists without it's agreement
1934
Armament
Ataturk, Maustafa Kemal
 May Turkey distrusts Italy's policy in the eastern Mediterranean
 May Turkey distrusts Italy's east Mediterranean policy
1934
Prime Minister
Samper, Ricardo
 May Apponted Prime Minister of Spain
1934
Diplomacy
Ribbentrop, Joachim von
 May 10th Meets Anthony Eden & refuses to make any armament concessions
1934
Reform
Chamberlain, Neville
 May 14th Creates an unemployment assistance board to administer aid at a fixed national rate
1934
Prime Minister
Kozlowski, Leon
 May 15th Appointed Prime Minister of Poland
1934
Embargo
Eden, Robert Anthony
 May 17th The League of Nations League Council agree Eden's arms embargo on Bolivia & Paraguay
1934
Armament
Keisuke, Okada
 May 24th Japan declares the Washington & London Naval treaties "obsolete"
1934
Diplomacy
Keisuke, Okada
 May 24th Japan declares the Washington & London Naval Treaties as "obsolete"
1934
Treaty of London
Keisuke, Okada
 May 24th Japan declares the Washington & London Naval treaties "obsolete"
1934
Treaty of Washington
Keisuke, Okada
 May 24th Japan declares the Washington & London Naval treaties "obsolete"
1934
Conference of Disarmament
Eden, Robert Anthony
 May 28th Final day of the Conference but the French & German positions are irreconcilable
1934
Synod
Niemoller, Frederich Gustav Emil Martin
 May 29th Helps found an anti-Nazi church coalition
1934
Purge
Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 June Informs the Army of a threatened putsch by the SA, military units go on alert
 June Submits a report to Hitler about Rohm's mutinous talk & vice
1934
Strike
Samper, Ricardo
 June Agrarian strikes in Andalucia
 June Agrarian strikes in Estremadura
1934
Meeting
Hitler, Adolf
 June 4th Hitler meets Rohm, the outcome is is that the SA has to take 1 month's leave
 June 4th Hitler has a meeting with Rohm for 5 hrs & warns him not to start a 2nd revolution
1934
Meeting
Rohm, Ernst
 June 4th Hitler has a meeting with Rohm for 5 hrs & warns him not to start a 2nd revolution
 June 4th Hitler meets Rohm, the SA is asked to take 1 month's leave
1934
SA
Hitler, Adolf
 June 4th Hitler has a meeting with Rohm, the SA has to take 1 month's leave
1934
Minister
Eden, Robert Anthony
 June 7th Appointed Minister of the League of Nations
1934
Death
Delius, Frederick
 June 10th Death of Frederick Delius
1934
Diplomacy
Hitler, Adolf
 June 14th Hitler & Mussolini meet in Venice
1934
Diplomacy
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 June 14th Hitler & Mussolini meet in Venice
1934
Speech
Jung, Edgar
 June 17th Drafts Papen's speech at the University of Marburg, calls for a halt to Nazi excess
1934
Speech
Papen, Franz von
 June 17th At the University of Marburg calls for a halt to the Nazi excesses
1934
Deputy Prime Minister
Baldwin, Stanley
 June 22nd Appointed Deputy Prime Minister
1934
Health
Baldwin, Stanley
 June 22nd Takes over most of Ramsey MacDonald's responsibilities due to the latter's poor health
1934
Plot
Hitler, Adolf
 June 22nd Meets with Lutze & declares that the SA must go
 June 22nd Promises General Blomber that he will suppress the SA leadership
1934
SA
Blomberg, Werner von
 June 22nd Meets with Lutze & declares that the SA must go
 June 22nd Meets with Lutze & declares that the SA must go
1934
Invasion of Albania
Ahmed Zog
 June 23rd Italy invades Albania
1934
Invasion of Albania
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 June 23rd Italy invades Albania
1934
Credit Unions
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 June 26th Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934
Economy
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 June 26th Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934
Federal Credit Union Act
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 June 26th Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934
Legislation
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 June 26th Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934
Purge
Dietrich, Sepp
 June 29th Ordered by Hitler to arrest Rohm, Head of the SA
1934
Purge
Himmler, Heinrich
 June 29th Informs Hitler that the SA are planning a Coup d'Etat the following afternoon
1934
Arrest
Hitler, Adolf
 June 30th Orders the arrest & execution of all rivals to him within the Nazi Party
 June 30th Confronts Rohm, accuses hime of organizing a rebellion & has him arrested
 June 30th Confronts Rohm & has him & other SA leaders arrested
1934
Arrest
Rohm, Ernst
 June 30th Arrested alongside othe SA leader & held in a prison cell in Munich
1934
Assassination
Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 June 30th Heydrich and Himmler put pressure on Hitler to purge the leading members of the SA, and they assure him that the SS will carry out the murders, Heydrich had drawn up lists of all of the powerful SA men to be killed along with R”hm
 June 30th R”hm is shot without trial along with all of the important members of the SA in this bloodbath, which the Nazis coined the Night of the Long Knives
1934
Assassination
Kahr, Gustav Ritter von
 June 30th Death of Gustav Ritter von Kahr
1934
Assassination
Schleicher, Kurt von
 June 30th Assassinated during the Night of the Long Knives
1934
Death
Beck, Fritz
 June 30th Death of Fritz Beck, executed by the Nazis
1934
Death
Gerlich, Fritz
 June 30th Death of Fritz Gerlich, executed by the Nazis
1934
Death
Jung, Edgar
 June 30th Death of Edgar Jung, executed by the Nazis
1934
Death
Kahr, Gustav Ritter von
 June 30th Death of Gustav Ritter von Kahr, executed by the Nazis
1934
Death
Schleicher, Kurt von
 June 30th Assassinated during the Night of the Long Knives
1934
Execution
Beck, Fritz
 June 30th Executed by the Nazis, Director of the Students Welfare Fund
1934
Execution
Gerlich, Fritz
 June 30th Execution of Fritz Gerlich, executed by the Nazis for editing an anti-Nazi newspaper
1934
Execution
Hitler, Adolf
 June 30th Executed by the Nazis, Director of the Students Welfare Fund
 June 30th Executed by the Nazis, had drafted Papen's protest speech 13 days prior
 June 30th Execution of Fritz Gerlich, executed by the Nazis for editing an anti-Nazi newspaper
1934
Execution
Jung, Edgar
 June 30th Executed by the Nazis, had drafted Papen's protest speech 13 days prior
1934
Execution
Kahr, Gustav Ritter von
 June 30th Hitler has von Kahr executed because he led troops against Hitler's Beer Hall putsch
1934
Night of Long Knives
Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 June 30th Goering forms a partnership with Himmler and Heydrich, placing the Gestapo under their control, in order to crush the SA
 June 30th Helps organize the Night of the Long Knives
 June 30th Heydrich and Himmler put pressure on Hitler to purge the leading members of the SA, and they assure him that the SS will carry out the murders, Heydrich had drawn up lists of all of the powerful SA men to be killed along with R”hm
 June 30th Heydrich has his men uncover false "evidence" that SA leader Ernst R”hm was plotting to overthrow Hitler
 June 30th R”hm is shot without trial along with all of the important members of the SA in this bloodbath, which the Nazis coined the Night of the Long Knives
 June 30th Plays a leading part in eliminating many leaders of the SA who are a threat to Hitler
1934
Night of Long Knives
Hitler, Adolf
 June 30th Confronts Rohm & has him & other SA leaders arrested
 June 30th Assassinations against the SA & ideas of Ernst Roehm who wants a Socialist revolution
 June 30th Gives the codeword, "Kolibri" & triggers off a massacre in Berlin
1934
Night of Long Knives
Rohm, Ernst
 June 30th Assassinations against the SA & ideas of Ernst Roehm who wants a Socialist revolution
1934
Purge
Goering, Herman
 June 30th Goering & Himmler organize the arrest of the SA in Berlin
 June 30th Has a list of those who are executed
1934
Purge
Heines, Edmund
 June 30th NSDAP Reichstag deputy, shot in bed with his chauffeur & Lustknabe at Bad Wiesee
1934
Purge
Heines, Oskar
 June 30th Hearing of the attempted "Putsch" turns himself in to Gestapo headquarters, executed
1934
Purge
Heydebreck, Hans Peter von
 June 30th The "Hero of Annaberg", shot by SS firing squad in Stadelheim Prison
1934
Purge
Himmler, Heinrich
 June 30th Goering & Himmler organize the arrest of the SA in Berlin
1934
Purge
Hohberg und Buchwald, Anton Freiherr von
 June 30th Shot in his estate by SS troopers on order of his rival Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski
1934
Purge
Jung, Edgar Julius
 June 30th Journalist & Speech writer for von Papen, shot in the Lichterfelde Barracks
1934
Purge
Kahr, Gustav Ritter von
 June 30th Hacked to death with axes thrown into a swamp near Dacha
1934
Purge
Klausener, Erich
 June 30th Head of Preusischen Ministerie Polizei, Center Party, Catholic Action, shot
1934
Purge
Papen, Franz von
 June 30th A group of Nazis attempt to kill Papen but he persuades them not to
1934
Purge
Schleicher, Kurt von
 June 30th Executed by one of Goering's death squads in Berlin
1934
Purge
Stempfle, Bernhard
 June 30th Executed by a group of Nazis
1934
Purge
Strasser, Gregor
 June 30th Executed by a group of Nazis
1934
Arrest
Hitler, Adolf
 July More than 150 SA leaders are arrested & executed
1934
Coup d'Etat
Habicht, Theodor August Otto Wilhelm
 July Habicht sets up a leadership-in-exile in Munich which directed a campaign of terror against the Dollfuá regime which culminates in a failed Coup attempt in the murder of Dollfuá in July 1934
 July Severely discredited by the failure, Habicht went into seclusion in the Harz mountains before being allowed to take up the post of mayor of Wittenberg in 1937
1934
Prime Minister
Keisuke, Okada
 July Appointed Prime Minister of Japan
1934
Reichskommissar
Feder, Gottfried
 July Appointed Reichskommissar (Reich commissioner)
1934
Death
Rohm, Ernst
 July 1st Death of Ernst Rohm, executed by the NAZIs
1934
Execution
Hitler, Adolf
 July 1st Former Chancellor Schleicher is gunned down by 6 assassins
 July 1st Has Gregor Strasser executed, 1 of the founders of the Nazi Party
 July 1st The execution of Rohm gives Hitler full control of the SA
 July 1st Has von Kahr executed because he had led the troops against Hitler's Beer Hall putsch
1934
Execution
Rohm, Ernst
 July 1st Rohm refuses to kill himself with a gun which is offerred to him & is executed
1934
Purge
Eike, Theodore
 July 1st Shoots Ernst Rohm
1934
Purge
Gerlich, Fritz
 July 1st Anti-Nazi Catholic journalist, arrested 9 March 1933, killed at Dachau
1934
Purge
Gerth, Daniel
 July 1st SA-Obersturmfhrer, member of staff SA Gruf Ernst. executed at Lichterfelde
1934
Purge
Heiser, Robert
 July 1st Executed during the Blood Purge
1934
Armament
Eden, Robert Anthony
 July 5th Speaks up in favour of British rearmament at a speech made in Stoke-on-Trent
1934
Assassination
Klausener, Erich
 July 13th Assassinated during the Night of the Long Knives
1934
Death
Klausener, Erich
 July 13th Death of Erich Klausener, assassinated
1934
Night of Long Knives
Frick, Wilhelm
 July 13th Hitler instructs Wilhelm Frick to draft a law making the killings legal
1934
Night of Long Knives
Hitler, Adolf
 July 13th Announces Rohm, von Schleicher & Gregor Strasser plotted against the Reich
 July 13th Defends himself in the Reichstag as "the Supreme Justiciar of the German People"
 July 13th Defends his actions in the Reichstag which "belonged to a higher justice"
 July 13th Hitler instructs Wilhelm Frick to draft a law making the killings legal
1934
Night of Long Knives
Klausener, Erich
 July 13th Assassinated during the Night of the Long Knives
1934
Constitution
Vargas, Getulio
 July 16th Resembles Italian corporatism, has the enthusiastic support of the pro-fascist wing of the tenente & industrialists
1934
Armament
Baldwin, Stanley
 July 19th Announces a new air Defense program
 July 19th Royal Air Force squadrons are to be increased by 41
1934
Anschluss
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 July 25th Assassinated after opposing anschluss with Germany
1934
Assassination
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 July 25th Assassinated by Nazis in the Austrian Chancellery during a failed Coup
1934
Assassination
Planetta, Otto
 July 25th Takes part in a Nazi led Coup against the Austrian Government & assassinated Dolfuss
1934
Assassination
Hitler, Adolf
 July 25th Nazis murder Dolfuss during a failed Coup after he objects to anschluss with Germany
1934
Chancellor
Schuschnigg, Kurt von
 July 25th Appointed Chancellor of Austria, succeeds Dolfuss who was assassinated by the Nazis
1934
Coup d'Etat
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 July 25th Assassinated by Nazis in the Austrian Chancellery during a failed Coup
 July 25th Assassinated by Nazis in the Austrian Chancellery during a failed Coup
1934
Coup d'Etat
Planetta, Otto
 July 25th Takes part in a Nazi led Coup against the Austrian Government
 July 25th Takes part in a Nazi led Coup against the Austrian Government
1934
Coup d'Etat
Hitler, Adolf
 July 25th Austrian Nazis break into the Federal Chancellery & assassinate Dolfuss
 July 25th Austrian Nazis break into the Federal Chancellery & assassinate Dolfuss
1934
Death
Dollfuss, Engelbert
 July 25th Death of Engelbert Dollfuss
1934
Prime Minister
J¢nasson, Hermann
 July 28th Appointed Prime Minister of Iceland
1934
Commissar
Voroshilov, Klimenty Efremovich
 Aug Appointed Peoples Commissar for Defense
1934
Weimar Republic
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug The powers of the L„nder (states) were transferred to the Reich, rendering the Reichsrat obsolete, a month later, the01 Reichsrat itself was dissolved & when President von Hindenburg die in August Hitler appropriated the president's powers for himself
1934
Constitution
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 1st A law is passed combining the offices of "Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor" with President
1934
Broadcast
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 Aug 2nd Broadcasts to the nation announcing the merger of the offices of Fuhrer & President
1934
Commander
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd The Ministry of Defense is renamed the Ministry of War, Blomberg becomes Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
1934
Constitution
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd After Reichspr„sident Paul von Hindenburg dies, personally orders all soldiers in the army to pledge the Reichswehreid Oath of allegiance not to Volk and Fatherland, but to the new Reichspr„sident and Fhrer Adolf Hitler
1934
Constitution
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 Aug 2nd Broadcasts to the nation announcing the merger of the offices of Fuhrer & President
1934
Constitution
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 2nd Goebbels makes a broadcast announcing the merger of the offices of Fuhrer & President
 Aug 2nd Appoints himself as President of Germany after the death of President von Hindenburg
1934
Death
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd After Reichspr„sident Paul von Hindenburg dies, personally orders all soldiers in the army to pledge the Reichswehreid Oath of allegiance not to Volk and Fatherland, but to the new Reichspr„sident and Fhrer Adolf Hitler
1934
Death
Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig Hans von
 Aug 2nd Death of Paul Ludwig Hans von Hindenburg
1934
Death
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 2nd Deth of Hindenburg, Hitler becomes head of state & the army swears an oath to him
1934
Minister
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd The Ministry of Defense is renamed the Ministry of War, Blomberg becomes Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
 Aug 2nd The Ministry of Defense is renamed the Ministry of War, Blomberg becomes Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
1934
Ministry of War
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd The Ministry of Defense is renamed the Ministry of War, Blomberg becomes Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
 Aug 2nd The Ministry of Defense is renamed the Ministry of War, Blomberg becomes Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
1934
Oath
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd After Reichspr„sident Paul von Hindenburg dieas, personally orders all soldiers in the army to pledge the Reichswehreid Oath of allegiance not to Volk and Fatherland, but to the new Reichspr„sident and Fhrer Adolf Hitler
1934
Oath
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 2nd The armed forces swear an oath of allegiance to the "Fuhrer & Chancellor Adolf Hitler"
1934
President
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 2nd Appointed President of Germany
1934
Reichswehreid Oath
Blomberg, Werner von
 Aug 2nd After Reichspr„sident Paul von Hindenburg dies, personally orders all soldiers in the army to pledge the Reichswehreid Oath of allegiance not to Volk and Fatherland, but to the new Reichspr„sident and Fhrer Adolf Hitler
 Aug 2nd After Reichspr„sident Paul von Hindenburg dies, personally orders all soldiers in the army to pledge the Reichswehreid Oath of allegiance not to Volk and Fatherland, but to the new Reichspr„sident and Fhrer Adolf Hitler
1934
Fuehrer Chancellor
Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 19th On the death of Hindenburg proclaims himself Fuhrer, a position created by himself
1934
ILO
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
 Aug 20th The USA joins the Internation Labour Organization
1934
Rule of Jehol
Keisuke, Okada
 Sep Jehol is added to the empire of Manchukuo
1934
Rule of Manchukuo
Keisuke, Okada
 Sep Manchukuo is placed under the supervision of the Japanese military police
 Sep The League of Nations refuses to recognize Japan's new "empire" in Manchukuo
 Sep The League of Nations refuses to recognize Japan's new "empire" in Manchukuo
1934
Rule of Mongolia
Keisuke, Okada
 Sep Inner Mongolia is added to the empire of Manchukuo
1934
Lieutenant
Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Sep 1st Appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in the General Staff, advocate of tank blitzkriegs
1934
League of Nations
Litvinov, Maxim Maximovich
 Sep 17th Russia joins the League of Nations
 Sep 17th Litvinov also actively facilitates the acceptance of the USSR into the League of Nations where he represents his country fromm 1934-1938
1934
League of Nations
Stalin, Joseph
 Sep 18th Russia takes its seat on the Council of the League of Nations
 Sep 18th The USSR is admitted into the League of Nations
 Sep 18th Russia takes its seat on the Council of the League of Nations
 Sep 18th The USSR is admitted into the League of Nations
1934
Birth
Epstein, Brian
 Sep 19th Birth of Brian Epstein
1934
Birth
Cohen, Leonard Norman
 Sep 21st Birth of Leonard Norman Cohen
1934
Capture of Oviedo
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Oct Rebels capture Oviedo
1934
Rebellion
Franco-Bahamonde, Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo
 Oct Orders units of the Spanish Foreign Legion & Moorish regulars to Asturias
1934
Rebellion
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Oct A rebelllion breaks out of 50,000 workers, mainly miners, becomes a regional civil war
 Oct A rebelllion breaks out of 50,000 workers, mainly miners, becomes a regional civil war
1934
Rebellion
Yague, Juan
 Oct Shoots political prisoners
1934
Resignation
Samper, Ricardo
 Oct Resigns as Prime Minister of Spain
1934
Government
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Oct 1st Includes 3 CEDA ministers in the Government
1934
Prime Minister
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Oct 1st Appointed Prime Minister of Spain
1934
Rebellion
Companys, Luis
 Oct 5th Leads a rebellion of the left & centre-left to prevent a fascist takeover
1934
Rebellion
Largo Caballero, Francisco
 Oct 5th Leads a socialist revolt in Madrid
1934
Rebellion
Lerroux, Alejandro
 Oct 5th A rebellion of the left & centre-left breaks out to prevent a fascist takeover
 Oct 5th A rebellion of the left & centre-left breaks out to prevent a fascist takeover
 Oct 6th A rebellion in Madrid is suppressed
 Oct 6th A rebellion in Madrid is suppressed
1934
Assassination
Barthou, Louis
 Oct 9th Assassinated with Alexander I of Yugoslavia while greeting his arrival
1934
Assassination
Alexander I
 Oct 9th Assassinated in France, possibly by Mussolilini's Government
 Oct 9th King Alexander I of Yugoslavia is shot dead by the Bulgarian and Croatian fascists
1934
Death
Barthou, Louis
 Oct 9th Death of Louis Barthou
1934
Death
Alexander I
 Oct 9th Assassinated in France, possibly by Mussolilini's Government
 Oct 9th Assassination of Aexander I
1934
Diplomacy
Alexander I
 Oct 9th Arrives in Marsailles to discuss an entente but is assaisnated by Petrys Kaleman
1934
Long March
Chen, Yun
 Oct 16th 80,000 Communists troops are pursued by 400,000 strong army of nationalists
 Oct 16th The Ruijing base is abandoned & the Long March begins
1934
Long March
Teh, Chu
 Oct 16th Commander-in-Chief of the Communist forces
1934
Long March
Tse-Tung, Mao
 Oct 16th Begins a withdrawal after defeats by the Nationalists to the province of Shensi
 Oct 16th Mao begins a 12 month long march to establish a new base in northern China at Yennan
1934
Conference of London
Baldwin, Stanley
 Oct 23rd The Naval Disarmament Conference opens in London
1934
Diplomacy
Keisuke, Okada
 Oct 23rd Negotiations begin to change the Washington & London naval treaties
1934
Diplomacy
Yamamoto, Isoruku
 Oct 23rd Negotiations begin to change the Washington & London naval treaties
 Oct 23rd Proposes naval equality with Britain & the USA
1934
Deutsche Arbeits Front
Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 24th Issues a decree compelling all workers have to join the Deutsche Arbeits Front
1934
Labour Movement
Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 24th The Nazi labour movement is formed
1934
Resignation
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
 Oct 24th Gandhi resigns from the Indian Congress Party
1934
Reform
Chamberlain, Neville
 Nov 20th Announces economy relief for depressed areas
1934
Hereditary Titles
Ataturk, Maustafa Kemal
 Nov 26th Bans hereditary titles
1934
Armament
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Nov 28th Warns of growing German air strength
1934
Assassination
Kirov, Sergei Mironovich
 Dec 1st Assassination by Stalin's men is used by Stalin to begin his party purges
 Dec 1st Assassination by Stalin's men is used by Stalin to begin his party purges
1934
Assassination
Stalin, Joseph
 Dec 1st The assassination of Kirov sparks off purges in Russia
1934
Death
Kirov, Sergei Mironovich
 Dec 1st Death of Sergei Mironovich Kirov, assassinated
 Dec 1st Death of Sergei Mironovich Kirov, assassinated
1934
SS
Hoess, Rudolf Franz Ferdinand
 Dec 1st Appointed Member of the Deathshead Formation (Totenkopf Verband)
1934
Referendum
Laval, Pierre
 Dec 4th Accepts Eden's offer to send a force to preserve order against Nazi intimidation
1934
Diplomacy
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 Dec 5th IDemands compensation for the incident at Wal Wal as a ploy to invade Ethiopia
 Dec 5th Italian & Ethiopian troops clash, 100 Ethiopian & 30 Italian troops are killed
1934
Invasion of Ethiopia
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 Dec 5th IDemands compensation for the incident at Wal Wal as a ploy to invade Ethiopia
1934
Reform
Ataturk, Maustafa Kemal
 Dec 14th Women are given the vote
1934
Diplomacy
Yamamoto, Isoruku
 Dec 19th Japan abrogates its naval treaties
 Dec 19th The naval Conference between Japan, Britain & the USA breaks down
1934
Diplomacy
Chamberlain, Neville
 Dec 21st Concludes the coal & cattle pact, a trade agreement made with the Irish Free State
1934
Birth
Smith Cross, Margaret Natalie
 Dec 28th Birth of Margaret Natalie Smith Cross

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