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Biographies
 Adachi, Hatazo
 Attlee, Clement Richard
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The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

1945
Invasion of Poland
Petrov, Ivan Efimovich
 Jan Leads the Russian movement into Poland
1945
Massacre
Boyle, Hal
 Jan Reports on the GI massacre by Nazis in "Stars & Stripes"
1945
Prime Minister
Osobka-Morawski, Edward
 Jan 1st Appointed Prime Minister of Poland
1945
Election
Pasha, Ahmed
 Jan 8th Wins the elections which are boycotted by the WAFD Nationalists
1945
Prime Minister
Pasha, Ahmed
 Jan 8th Appointed Prime Minister of Egypt
1945
Birth
Stewart, Rod
 Jan 10th Birth of Rod Stewart
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 Jan 12th The Red Army begins the Vistula-Oder offensive across the Narew River and, from Warsaw, a three-day operation on a broad front which incorporated four army Fronts
1945
Battle of Oder River
Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Jan 12th The Soviets launch an attack on the Baranov Bridgehead & cross the River Oder
1945
Battle of Bulge, The
Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Jan 15th Final day of the battle of the Bulge, gives way to the Allied advance
1945
Evacuation
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 15th Hitler evacuates his HQ at Adlershorst
1945
Invasion of Germany
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 15th Hitler evacuates his HQ at Adlershorst
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Starting on 16 January 1945, the Red Army breached through the German front as a result of the Vistula-Oder Offensive and rapidly advanced westward as fast as 30-40 kilometres a day
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 Jan 16th Starting on 16 January 1945, the Red Army breached through the German front as a result of the Vistula-Oder Offensive and rapidly advanced westward as fast as 30-40 kilometres a day
1945
Commander
Schoerner, Ferdinand
 Jan 16th Appointed Commander of the German Central Zone including Berlin
 Jan 16th Appointed Commander of the German Central Zone including Berlin
1945
Führerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Adolf Hitler takes up residence in the Führerbunker in January 1945 and until the last week of the war it became the epicentre of the Nazi regime
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Bormann, Martin
 Jan 16th Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, he is joined by his senior staff, Martin Bormann, and later, Eva Braun and Joseph Goebbels with Magda and their six children who took residence in the upper Vorbunker
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Flegel, Erna
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, he is joined by his senior staff, Martin Bormann, and later, Eva Braun and Joseph Goebbels with Magda and their six children who took residence in the upper Vorbunker
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Junge, Traudl
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Misch, Rochus
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Invasion of Germany
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler transfer his HQ to Berlin, he stays there
1945
Siege of Budapest
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler transfers forces from the western front to Budapest
1945
Medal
Rendulic, Lothar
 Jan 17th Awarded the swords to the oak leaf by Adolf Hitler
1945
Inauguration
Roosevelt, Theodore
 Jan 19th Inaugurated President of the USA
1945
President
Roosevelt, Theodore
 Jan 19th Inaugurated President of the USA
1945
Invasion of Germany
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 20th Russian forces reach Germany for the 1st time
1945
Siege of Gloggau
Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Jan 25th Moves his HQ to Gloggau on the Oder to defend it from the Soviet advance
1945
Birth
Pre, Jacqueline du
 Jan 26th Birth of Jacqueline du Pre
1945
Commander
Rendulic, Lothar
 Jan 27th Appointed Commander of the Army Group North
 Jan 27th Appointed Commander of the Army Group North
1945
Government
Gasperi, Alcide de
 Jan 27th Heads a new coalition of Christian Democrats, Democratic Socialists & Republicans
1945
Prime Minister
Gasperi, Alcide de
 Jan 27th Appointed Prime Minister of Italy, 2nd term
1945
Siege of River Oder
Rendulic, Lothar
 Jan 27th Rendulic is given the task of holding back the Russians who had advanced as far as the Oder
1945
Battle of Bulge, The
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 28th Hitler's final offensive in nth west Europe is defeated in the battle of the Bulge
1945
Battle of Bulge, The
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Jan 28th Hitler's final offensive in nth west Europe is defeated in the battle of the Bulge
 Jan 28th "The greatest American battle of the war", the battle of the Bulge
1945
Invasion of Poland
Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 29th Russian troops cross the Polish border
1945
Invasion of Poland
Stalin, Joseph
 Jan 29th Russian troops cross the Polish border
1945
Capture of Japan
Yoshihito
 Feb The US recapture Corregidor
1945
Declaration of War
Kuniaki, Koiso
 Feb Stalin secretly agrees with Roosevelt & Churchill to fight Japan after German defeat
1945
Epidemic
Kramer, Joseph
 Feb 35,000 die in the 1st 2 months of 1945
1945
Peace
Kantaro, Suziki
 Feb Japan approaches Russia, as neutrals, to arrange peace but receives no reply
1945
Invasion of Germany
Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 2nd The Russians on the eastern front reach the River Oder
1945
Conference of Yalta
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" by Stalin, Roosevelt & Churchill
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" to jointly gain Germany's unconditional surrender
1945
Conference of Yalta
Stalin, Joseph
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" represented by Stalin, Roosevelt & Churchill
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" to jointly gain Germany's unconditional surrender
 Feb 4th It is agreed that the pro-soviet Polish Government in exile will govern most of Poland
 Feb 4th Stalin agrees to invade Japan 3 months after the defeat of Germany
1945
Conference of Yalta
Roosevelt, Theodore
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" represented by Stalin, Roosevelt & Churchill
 Feb 4th A meeting of "the big 3" to jointly gain Germany's unconditional surrender
1945
Battle of Rhineland
Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 10th Hitler agrees to Rundstedt's request to retreat & reconsolidate
 Feb 10th Rundstedt is forbidden to evacuate any city or fortification
1945
Bombing of Dresden
Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 14th Allied bombing of Dresden leaves 25,000 dead
1945
Bombing of Dresden
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Feb 14th Allied bombing of Dresden leaves 25,000 dead
1945
Peace
Konoe
 Feb 14th Fails to persuade Hirohito to make peace
1945
Capture of River Neisse
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 Feb 15th Reaches the Oder-Neisse line
1945
Capture of River Oder
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 Feb 15th Reaches the Oder-Neisse line
1945
Conference of Yalta
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Feb 19th Reports back to Cabinet on the outcome of the "Big Three" Conference at Yalta
1945
Battle of Manila
Iwafuchi, Sanji
 Feb 22nd Ignores Yamashita's orders not to defend the city
 Feb 22nd Manila is isolated from Yamashit'a main forces
 Feb 22nd Suicidally chooses to destroy the Intramuros & loses over 16,000 Japanese dead
1945
Army Group Vistula
Himmler, Heinrich
 Feb 24th The newly created Army Group Vistula, under the command of Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler,attemped a counter-attack but failed by 24 February
1945
Battle of Berlin
Himmler, Heinrich
 Feb 24th The newly created Army Group Vistula, under the command of Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler,attemped a counter-attack but failed by 24 February
1945
Bombing of Tokyo
Hirohito
 Feb 25th The USA bombs Tokyo, 200,000 are killed
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 Mar Hitler appoints SS Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke the battle Commander for the central Government district that included the Reich Chancellery and Führerbunker
1945
Battle of Berlin
Mohnke, Wilhelm
 Mar Hitler appoints SS Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke the battle Commander for the central Government district that included the Reich Chancellery and Führerbunker
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Hirohito
 Mar After 3 months fighting 110,000 Japanese soldiers & 150,000 civilians died
1945
Death
Lloyd George, David
 Mar Death of David Lloyd George
1945
Diplomacy
Fumimaro, Konoe
 Mar Japan & the US begin negotiations to settle their differences
1945
Exile
Braun, Werner von
 Mar Surrenders to the Americans & allowed to continue his research in the USA
1945
Peace
Hirohito
 Mar Decides because the navy & army will fight at Okinawa it is not a good time for peace
1945
Government
Groza, Petru
 Mar 2nd Forms a pro-Soviet Government
1945
Prime Minister
Groza, Petru
 Mar 2nd Appointed Prime Minister of Romania
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 3rd Hitler appoints Lieutenant General Helmuth Reymann as the commander of the Berlin Defence Area, replacing Lieutenant General Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild
1945
Siege of Berlin
Reymuth, Helmuth
 Mar 3rd Hitler appoints Lieutenant General Helmuth Reymann as the commander of the Berlin Defence Area, replacing Lieutenant General Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild
1945
Capture of Remagen
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 Mar 7th The Allies capture the Remagen Bridge, still intact, just South of Bonn
1945
Capture of Remagen
Hoge, William Morris
 Mar 7th Commands Combat Command B of the US 9th Armored Div which captures the Remagen bridge
1945
Bombing of Tokyo
Hirohito
 Mar 10th 2 million have been made homeless in Tokyo
1945
Commander
Kesselring, Albrecht
 Mar 10th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, West
 Mar 10th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, West
1945
Mobilization
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 Mar 10th Konev's units join Zhukov near Vinnitsa threatening the remains of the 1st Panzer Army
1945
Independence
Bao Dai
 Mar 11th Proclaims independence within the Japanese Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere
1945
Death
Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Death of Friedrich Fromm, executed
1945
Execution
Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a Peoples Court
1945
Supreme Commander
Rendulic, Lothar
 Mar 12th Appointed Supreme Commander of Courland
 Mar 12th Appointed Supreme Commander of Courland
1945
Trial
Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a Peoples Court
1945
Birth
Boyd, Paricia
 Mar 17th Birth of Patricia Boyd
1945
Decree
Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 19th Hitler announces a scorched earth policy
1945
Army Group Vistula
Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Battle of Berlin
Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Commander
Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th Appointed Commander of Army Group Vistula
 Mar 20th Appointed Commander of Army Group Vistula
1945
Commander in Chief
Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Siege of Berlin
Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th Correctlty assesses that the main Soviet thrust willl be made over the Oder River and along the main east-west Autobahn and decides not to try to defend the banks of the Oder with anything more than a light skirmishing screen and arranges for engineers to fortify the Seelow Heights which overlook the Oder River at the point where the Autobahn crosses them, 17 kilometres west of the Oder and 90 kilometres east of Berlin
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Battle of Rhineland
Patton, George Smith
 Mar 21st Patton crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim
1945
Commander
Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Mar 21st Appointed Commander of the 1st Panzer Army
 Mar 21st Appointed Commander of the 1st Panzer Army
1945
Invasion of Germany
Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Mar 21st Nehring's priority is to surrender to the west rather than the Russians
1945
General
Azzam, Abdel Rahman
 Mar 22nd Appointed General Secretary of the Arab League
1945
Invasion of Germany
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 Mar 22nd US troops in Germany cross the River Rhine at Nierstein & Oppenheim
1945
Invasion of Germany
Patton, George Smith
 Mar 22nd The 3rd Army crosses the Rhine & establishes its 1st bridgehead
1945
Battle of Rhine
Montgomery, Bernard Law
 Mar 23rd The British cross the Rhine at Wesel
1945
Battle of Rhineland
Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 23rd Patton crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim
1945
Battle of Rhineland
Kesselring, Albrecht
 Mar 23rd Patton crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim
1945
Capture of Cologne
Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 23rd The Allies capture Cologne & cross the Rhine
1945
Capture of Cologne
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Mar 23rd Britsh, American & Canadian troops capture Cologne
1945
Conference of Yalta
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Mar 24th Agreements reached by Churchill, Roosevelt & Stalin are released by the State Dept
1945
Plunder
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Mar 24th Watches the Allies cross the Rhine
1945
United Nations
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Mar 24th A Conference on the proposed world organization will be summoned for 25th April
1945
Invasion of Germany
Patch, Alexander McCarrell
 Mar 26th Crosses the Rhine at Worms
1945
Dismissal
Guderian, Heinz
 Mar 28th Dismissed for failing to check the Red Army's advance on Berlin
1945
Birth
Clapton, Eric Patrick
 Mar 30th Birth of Eric Patrick Clapton
1945
Occupation
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Mar 31st Asks Eisenhower why the Americans are leaving Berlin to the Russians
1945
Arrest
Papen, Franz von
 April Arrested in the Ruhr by the Allies
1945
Arrest
Wiesel, Elie
 April Liberated from Buchenwald by the US 3rd Army
1945
Battle of Elbe
Simpson, William Hood
 April Secures a bridgehead over the Elbe, 60 miles west of Berlin
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Ushijima, Mitsuru
 April Commands the Japanese defense HQ of 85,000 troops
1945
Battle of Ruhr
Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April Hitler orders the destruction of the Ruhr, Model refuses
 April Hitler refuses to let Army Group B withdraw
 April Model holds out for 18 days until handing over 300,000 troops
 April The Allies encircle Model's Army
1945
Buchenwald
Wiesel, Elie
 April Liberated from Buchenwald by the US 3rd Army
1945
Capture of Munich
Patch, Alexander McCarrell
 April Captures Munich
1945
Capture of Nuremberg
Patch, Alexander McCarrell
 April Captures Nuremburg
1945
Capture of Okinawa
Kuniaki, Koiso
 April US troops land on Okinawa Island
1945
Constitution
Doenitz, Karl
 April In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Diplomacy
Kuniaki, Koiso
 April Russia informs Japan it will not renew the Soviet-Japanese neutrality pact
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 April Russia informs Japan it will not renew the Soviet-Japanese neutrality pact
1945
Health
Hitler, Adolf
 April Schenk concludes that Hitler will be a cripple within a year
1945
Health
Schenck, Ernst Gunther
 April Concludes that Hitler will be a cripple within a year
1945
Hitler's Doctor
Schenck, Ernst Gunther
 April Appointed Hitler's Doctor
1945
Invasion of Germany
Stalin, Joseph
 April The three Soviet Fronts have altogether 2.5 million men (including 78,556 soldiers of the 1st Polish Army), 6,250 tanks, 7,500 aircraft, 41,600 artillery pieces and mortars, 3,255 truck-mounted Katyusha rocket launchers (nicknamed 'Stalin's Pipe Organs'), and 95,383 motor vehicles, many manufactured in the USA
1945
Peace
Bormann, Martin
 April After Hitler's suicide Goebbels & Bormann make attempt to negotiate with the Russians
1945
Peace
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April After Hitler's suicide Goebbels & Bormann attempt to negotiate with the Russians
 April Peace negotiations fail & Goebbels decides to commit suicide
1945
President
Doenitz, Karl
 April In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Prime Minister
Kantaro, Suziki
 April Appointed Prime Minister of Japan
1945
Prime Minister
Suzuki, Kantaro
 April Appointed Prime Minister of Japan
1945
Purge
Goering, Herman
 April Expelled from the Nazi party after trying to seize power
1945
Siege of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April The three Soviet Fronts have altogether 2.5 million men (including 78,556 soldiers of the 1st Polish Army), 6,250 tanks, 7,500 aircraft, 41,600 artillery pieces and mortars, 3,255 truck-mounted Katyusha rocket launchers (nicknamed 'Stalin's Pipe Organs'), and 95,383 motor vehicles, many manufactured in the USA
1945
Suicide
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April Advises Hitler to remain in the bunker & die in a blinding Gotterdammerung
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Buckner, Bolivar
 April 1st Begins landing forces on the island of Okinawa, involves 550,000
1945
Constitution
Benes, Eduard
 April 3rd Establishes a provisional Government with the aid of the Russian liberation forces
 April 3rd Establishes a provisional Government with the aid of the Russian liberation forces
1945
Minister
Masaryk, Thomas Garrigue
 April 3rd Appointed Foreign Minister
1945
Minister
Nosek, Vaclav
 April 3rd Appointed Minister of the Interior
1945
President
Benes, Eduard
 April 3rd After the Prague uprising at the end of World War II, Benes returned home and reassumed his former position as President
 April 3rd Appointed President of Czechoslovakia
1945
Prime Minister
Fierlinger, Zdenek
 April 3rd Appointed Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
1945
Provisional Government
Benes, Eduard
 April 3rd Establishes a provisional Government with the aid of the Russian liberation forces
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Buckner, Bolivar
 April 5th The Japanese fortified HQ at Okinawa is discovered
1945
Commander
MacArthur, Douglas
 April 5th Appointed Commander of the Army forces against Japan
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 April 5th Denounces the neutrality pact with Japan signed 13th April
1945
Commander
Rendulic, Lothar
 April 6th Appointed Commander Army Group South by Hitler in the Fuehrer Bunker
 April 6th Appointed Commander Army Group South by Hitler in the Fuehrer Bunker
1945
Capture of Konigsberg
Heinrici, Gotthard
 April 9th After a long resistance, Konigsberg in East Prussia finally falls to the Red Army, this frees up Marshal Rokossovsky's 2nd Belorussian Front to move west to the east bank of the Oder river
1945
Capture of Konigsberg
Hitler, Adolf
 April 9th After a long resistance, Konigsberg in East Prussia finally falls to the Red Army, this frees up Marshal Rokossovsky's 2nd Belorussian Front to move west to the east bank of the Oder river
1945
Siege of Berlin
Heinrici, Gotthard
 April 9th After a long resistance, Konigsberg in East Prussia finally falls to the Red Army, this frees up Marshal Rokossovsky's 2nd Belorussian Front to move west to the east bank of the Oder river
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 9th After a long resistance, Konigsberg in East Prussia finally falls to the Red Army, this frees up Marshal Rokossovsky's 2nd Belorussian Front to move west to the east bank of the Oder river
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hoth, Herman
 April 9th Zhukov concentrates his 1st Belorussian Front, which had been deployed along the Oder river from Frankfurt in the south to the Baltic, into an area in front of the Seelow Heights
1945
Siege of Berlin
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 April 9th Marshal Konev shifts the main weight of the 1st Ukrainian Front out of Upper Silesia north west to the Neisse River
1945
Election
Shidehara, Kijuro
 April 10th Holds Japan's 1st post war election
1945
Conference of Yalta
Truman, Harry S
 April 12th Roosevelt dies during the Yalta Conference
1945
Death
Roosevelt, Theodore
 April 12th Death of Theodore Roosevelt
1945
Diplomacy
Truman, Harry S
 April 12th Truman is convinced by his war Cabinet that Russia is breaking its Yalta pledges
1945
President
Truman, Harry S
 April 12th Appointed President of the USA, 33rd President, 1st term
1945
Capture of Vienna
Stalin, Joseph
 April 13th Soviet forces take Vienna
1945
Government
Stalin, Joseph
 April 13th Russia establishes a provisional coaltion Government with Renner as Prime Minister
1945
Provisional Government
Renner, Karl
 April 13th Russia establishes a provisional coaltion Government with Renner as Prime Minister
1945
Bergen Belsen
Hitler, Adolf
 April 15th The Allies liberate Bergen-Belsen
1945
Bergen Belsen
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 15th The Allies liberate Bergen-Belsen
1945
General
Hodges, Courtney Hicks
 April 15th Hodges is promoted to general making him only the second man, behind Walter Krueger, to rise to full General from enlisted private
 April 15th Hodges is promoted to general making him only the second man, behind Walter Krueger, to rise to full General from enlisted private
1945
Siege of Berlin
Simpson, William Hood
 April 15th Ordered to bring his forces to halt, might have reached Berlin before the Soviets
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 16th The Red Army start the battle of Berlin by attacking German front line positions on the rivers Oder and Neisse
1945
Battle of Seelow Heights
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 April 16th The battle of the Seelow Heights, fought over four days from 16 April until 19 April, was one of the last pitched battles of World War II: almost one million Red Army troops and more than 20,000 tanks and artillery pieces were deployed to break through the "Gates to Berlin" which were defended by about 100,000 German soldiers and 1,200 tanks and guns
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 April 16th The Red Army start the battle of Berlin by attacking German front line positions on the rivers Oder and Neisse
1945
Siege of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 April 16th The battle of the Seelow Heights, fought over four days from 16 April until 19 April, was one of the last pitched battles of World War II: almost one million Red Army troops and more than 20,000 tanks and artillery pieces were deployed to break through the "Gates to Berlin" which were defended by about 100,000 German soldiers and 1,200 tanks and guns
1945
Buchenwald
Patton, George Smith
 April 18th Liberates Buchenwald concentration camp
1945
Diplomacy
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 18th The US liberate Nuremberg & Churchill delivers a tribute to Roosevelt in the Commons
1945
Prague
Patton, George Smith
 April 18th Enters Czechoslovakia & liberates Prague
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 19th Soviet spearheads had break through the German lines and start to encircle Berlin
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Buckner, Bolivar
 April 19th Orders a counterattack which fails & loses 1,000 casualties
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 April 19th Soviet spearheads had break through the German lines and start to encircle Berlin
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 20th On his birthday Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to some boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth
1945
Battle of Berlin
Weidling, Helmuth
 April 20th The German defenses are mainly led by Helmuth Weidling and consisted of several depleted, badly equipped, and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, as well as many Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members
1945
Battle of Berlin
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 April 20th Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front had pushed in the north through the last formations of Army Group Centre
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 April 20th The 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov starts shelling Berlin's city centre
1945
Führerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 April 20th On his 56th birthday, Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to some boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 April 20th On his birthday Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to some boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 21st Soviet artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front begins to shell the centre of Berlin, and does not stop until the city surrendered: the weight of ordnance delivered by Soviet artillery during the battle is greater than the tonnage dropped by Western Allied bombers on the city
1945
Battle of Berlin
Schörner, Ferdinand
 April 21st still holding onto the Berlin-Cottbus highway front line Schörner Army Group Center launches a counter-offensive aiming at breaking through to Berlin from the south and making a successful initial incursion (the battle of Bautzen) in the 1st Ukrainian Front region, engaging the 2nd Polish Army and elements of the Red Army's 52nd Army and 5th Guard Army
1945
Burial
Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Shoots himself in woods near Rattingen, buried where he had shot himself under an oak
1945
Capture of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 21st Russian troops reach the suburbs of Berlin
1945
Death
Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Death of Otto Moritz Walter Model, commits suicide
1945
Death
Stumpfegger, Ludwig
 April 21st Death of Ludwig Stumpfegger, suicide
1945
Exile
Morell, Theo
 April 21st Flees from the bunker & escapes to Bavaria
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 21st Hitler gave orders which showed that his grasp of the military situation was gone, he orders German army formations to counterattack to pinch off the two massive Soviet pincers that were encircling Berlin, the northern attack is to be commanded by SS-General Felix Steiner's Army Detachment
1945
Suicide
Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Shoots himself in woods near Rattingen, buried where he had shot himself under an oak
1945
Suicide
Stumpfegger, Ludwig
 April 21st Kills himself by taking a cyanide capsule in the bunker
 April 21st Provides cyanide capsules to Hitler
1945
Treaty of Lublin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 21st Russia signs a treaty of Mutual Assistance with the Lublin Government
 April 21st The Yalta agreement is undermined
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 22nd Declares that the war is lost, he blames the generals and announces that he will stay on in Berlin until the end and then kill himself
1945
Fuhrerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 April 22nd Declares that the war is lost, he blames the generals and announces that he will stay on in Berlin until the end and then kill himself
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 22nd At his afternoon situation Conference Hitler falls into a tearful rage when he realises that his plans of the day before were not going to be carried out, Hitler openly declares for the first time the war is lost and blames the generals
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 23rd The Soviet 1st Belorussian Front and 1st Ukrainian Front continues to tighten the encirclement, and severs the last link between the German IX Army and the city
1945
Dismissal
Goering, Herman
 April 23rd Stripped of all offices by Hitler after asking if he could succeed
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 24th The 1st Belorussian Front and 1st Ukrainian Front complete the encirclement of the city
1945
Battle of Berlin
Weidling, Karl
 April 24th 1st day of the battle, defends Berlin with 4 Divs, 60,000 men & 50-60 tanks
1945
Battle of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 24th 1st day of the battle of Berlin with 1,000,000 plus Russians against 60,000 Germans
1945
Buchenwald
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 24th Arranges for photograps of Buchenwald camp victims to be circulated around the Cabinet
1945
Siege of Berlin
Weidling, Karl
 April 24th 1st day of the battle, defends Berlin with 4 Divs, 60,000 men & 50-60 tanks
1945
Alliance
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 April 25th Konev's units make contact with Omar Bradley's 12th Army
1945
Battle of Berlin
Greim, Robert Ritter von
 April 25th Hitler summons Field Marshall Robert Ritter von Greim from Munich to Berlin to take over command of the Luftwaffe from Goering
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 25th Hitler summons Field Marshall Robert Ritter von Greim from Munich to Berlin to take over command of the Luftwaffe from G”ring
 April 25th The Soviets had consolidated their investment of Berlin and leading Soviet units were probing and penetrating the S-Bahn defensive ring
1945
Battle of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 25th The US & Russian troops meet at the River Elbe
1945
Mobilization
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 April 25th The US & Soviet troops meet Leckwitz & Torgau on the River Elbe
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 25th Informed Heinrich Himmler wishes to open his own peace negotiations with the Allies
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 26th Chuikov's 8th Guards Army and the 1st Guards Tank Army fought fight way through the southern suburbs and attack Tempelhof Airport, just inside the S-Bahn defensive ring
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Battle of Berlin
Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Battle of Berlin
Chuikov, Vasily Ivanovich
 April 26th Chuikov's 8th Guards Army and the 1st Guards Tank Army fought fight way through the southern suburbs and attack Tempelhof Airport, just inside the S-Bahn defensive ring
 April 26th The Soviet advance to the city centre is along these main axes: from the south east, along the Frankfurter Allee (ending and stopped at the Alexanderplatz); from the south along Sonnen Allee ending north of the Belle Alliance Platz, from the south ending near the Potsdamer Platz and from the north ending near the Reichstag
1945
Berlin Defense Area
Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Commander
Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Invasion of Germany
Stalin, Joseph
 April 26th American & Russian troops link forces at the River Elbe
1945
Arrest
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 April 27th Captured by Italian partisans
1945
Arrest
Petacci, Clara
 April 27th Captured by Italian partisans, Mussolini's mistress
1945
President
Renner, Karl
 April 27th Appointed President of Austria, 2nd term
1945
Arrest
Greim, Robert Ritter von
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to Doenitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Arrest
Himmler, Heinrich
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to D”nitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Arrest
Hitler, Adolf
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to Doenitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 28th General Hans Krebs makes his last telephone call from the Fuhrerbunker to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel Chief of OKW (German Armed Forces High Command) in Fuerstenberg, Krebs tells Keitel that if relief does not arrive within 48 hours all would be lost
1945
Battle of Berlin
Krebs, Hans
 April 28th General Hans Krebs makes his last telephone call from the Fuhrerbunker to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel Chief of OKW (German Armed Forces High Command) in Fuerstenberg, Krebs tells Keitel that if relief does not arrive within 48 hours all would be lost
1945
Battle of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 28th 300,000 Russian soldiers are killed
1945
Death
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 April 28th Mussolini, his mistress & members of his entourage are shot by Italian partisans
 April 28th Death of Benito Amilicare Andrea Mussolini, shot by Italian partisans
1945
Death
Petacci, Clara
 April 28th Executed by Italian partisans, Mussolini's mistress
1945
Execution
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 April 28th Captured & shot by Italian partisans while attempting to escape to Switzerland
 April 28th Mussolini, his mistress & members of his entourage are shot by Italian partisans
1945
Execution
Petacci, Clara
 April 28th Executed by Italian partisans, Mussolini's mistress
1945
Peace
Himmler, Heinrich
 April 28th Himmler asks Count Bernadotte to convey a peace proposal to US General Dwight D. Eisenhower
1945
Siege of Berlin
Heinrici, Gotthard
 April 28th Heinrici rejects Hitler's command to hold Berlin at all costs & is relieved of his command
1945
Battle of Berlin
Heinrici, Gotthard
 April 29th General Gotthard Heinrici, Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula, is relieved of his command after disobeying Hitler's direct orders to hold Berlin at all costs and never order a retreat, and is replaced by General Kurt Student
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th The Soviet 3rd Shock Army crosses the Moltke bridge and stars to fan out into the surrounding streets and buildings
 April 29th At 04:00 hours, in the Fuhrerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, married Eva Braun
1945
Battle of Berlin
Student, Kurt
 April 29th General Gotthard Heinrici, Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula, is relieved of his command after disobeying Hitler's direct orders to hold Berlin at all costs and never order a retreat, and is replaced by General Kurt Student
 April 29th General Kurt von Tippelskirch is named as Heinrici's interim replacement until Student could arrive and assume control, while there remains some confusion as to who was actually in command as some references say that Student was captured by the British and never arrived
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 April 29th The Soviet 3rd Shock Army crossed the Moltke bridge and started to fan out into the surrounding streets and buildings
1945
Chancellor
Renner, Karl
 April 29th Appointed Chancellor of Austria by the Soviet forces
1945
Dachau
Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th The Allies liberate Dachau
1945
Dachau
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 29th The Allies liberate Dachau
1945
Death
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 April 29th Mussolini's body is displayed in Milan
1945
Diplomacy
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 April 29th Churchill appeals to Stalin not to unilaterally impose Russian rule on Poland
 April 29th Churchill appeals to Stalin not to unilaterally impose Russian rule on Yugoslavia
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 April 29th Churchill appeals to Stalin not to unilaterally impose Russian rule on Poland
 April 29th Churchill appeals to Stalin not to unilaterally impose Russian rule on Yugoslavia
1945
Execution
Mussolini, Benito Amilicare Andrea
 April 29th Mussolini's body is displayed in Milan
1945
Marriage
Braun, Eva
 April 29th Eva Braun marries Hitler in the Fuhrerbunker, witnessed by Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann
 April 29th Staff are instructed to address Eva Braun as Frau Hitler instead of Fraulein Braun
1945
Marriage
Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th Marries his mistress Eva Braun in the Bunker
1945
Rule of Poland
Stalin, Joseph
 April 29th Churchill appeals to Stalin not to unilaterally impose Russian rule on Poland
1945
Surrender
Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th The German Army on the Italian Front surrenders
1945
Admiral
Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Appointed Successor to Adolf Hitler
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th At 04:00 hours, in the Führerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, marries Eva Braun
 April 30th During the early hours morning of 30 April, Weidling informed Hitler in person that the defenders would probably exhaust their ammunition during the night, Hitler gave him the permission to attempt a breakout through the encircling Red Army lines, that afternoon, Hitler and Braun committed suicide and their bodies were cremated not far from the bunker
 April 30th The Soviets solve their bridging problems and with artillery support at 06:00 launch an attack on the Reichstag, but because of German entrenchments and support from 12.8 cm guns two kilometres away on the Berlin Zoo flak tower it was not until that evening that the Soviets are able to enter the building
 April 30th The Soviets rapidly advance through the city and reach the city centre, conquering the Reichstag on 30 April after fierce fighting
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 April 30th The Soviets rapidly advance through the city and reach the city centre, conquering the Reichstag on 30 April after fierce fighting
1945
Burial
Braun, Eva
 April 30th The bodies of Hitler & Eva Braun are taken into the Chancellery garden & burnt
1945
Burial
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun's bodies are taken into the Chancellery garden & burnt
1945
Capture of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 April 30th The Red Army hoists the Red Flag over the Reichstag in Berlin
1945
Constitution
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April 30th Hitler commits suicide and is briefly succeeded as Chancellor by Joseph Goebbels, as dictated in Hitler's Last Will and Testament
1945
Constitution
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler commits suicide and is briefly succeeded as Chancellor by Joseph Goebbels, as dictated in Hitler's Last Will and Testament
 April 30th In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Death
Braun, Eva
 April 30th Death of Eva Braun, commits suicide with Hitler at the Fuhrerbunker
1945
Death
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun shoot themselves
1945
Flensburg Government
Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Doenitz forms what becomes known as the Flensburg Government, which controlled only a tiny area of Germany near the Danish border, including the town of Flensburg
1945
Government
Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Forms a new Cabinet & orders an unconditional surrender
1945
Marriage
Braun, Eva
 April 30th At 04:00 hours, in the Führerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, marries Eva Braun
1945
Marriage
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th At 04:00 hours, in the Führerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, marries Eva Braun
1945
President
Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Doenitz forms what becomes known as the Flensburg Government, which controlled only a tiny area of Germany near the Danish border, including the town of Flensburg
 April 30th Appointed President of the Reich & Hitler's successor, on the day of Hitler's death
 April 30th Appointed President of the Reich & Hitler's successor, on the day of Hitler's death
1945
Siege of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Commits suicide when the Russians reach Potsdamerplatz a block from the Bunker, 3:30PM
1945
Suicide
Braun, Eva
 April 30th Death of Eva Braun, commits suicide with Hitler at the Fuhrerbunker
1945
Suicide
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Commits suicide when the Russians reach Potsdamerplatz a block from the Bunker, 3:30PM
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun shoot themselves
1945
Will
Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th At 04:00 hours, in the Führerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, marries Eva Braun
 April 30th During the early hours morning of 30 April, Weidling informed Hitler in person that the defenders would probably exhaust their ammunition during the night, Hitler gave him the permission to attempt a breakout through the encircling Red Army lines, that afternoon, Hitler and Braun committed suicide and their bodies were cremated not far from the bunker
 April 30th In accordance to Hitler's last will and testament, Admiral Karl Dönitz becomes the "President of Germany" (Reichspräsident) in the new Flensburg Government, and Joseph Goebbels becomes the new Chancellor of Germany (Reichskanzler)
1945
Alliance
Rokossovsky, Konstantin Konstantinovich
 May Joins up with the British forces at Wittenberg near Lubeck
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Ushijima, Mitsuru
 May Takes advantage of bad weather to wihdraw to the south & make a last stand
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Buckner, Bolivar
 May Attacks the "Shuri line"
1945
Burial
Braun, Eva
 May Braun's remains are discovered by the Russians & secretly buried at the SMERSH compound
1945
Elder of the Jews
Baeck, Leo
 May And after the camp is liberated by the Russians in May 1945, becomes the Jewish figure head as the Elder of the Jews
1945
Military Governor
Patton, George Smith
 May Appointed Military Govrernor of Bavaria
 May Appointed Military Govrernor of Bavaria
1945
Occupation
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 May Responsible for ordering the occupation of the US controlled part of Germany
1945
Peace
Kantaro, Suziki
 May Stalin reveals Japan's request for peace to the USA, issued by Japan in Feb
1945
Reichsvereinigung
Baeck, Leo
 May And after the camp is liberated by the Russians in May 1945, becomes the Jewish figure head as the Elder of the Jews
1945
Battle of Berlin
Krebs, Hans
 May 1st During the early hours of 1 May, Krebs talks to General Chuikov, commander of the Soviet 8th Guards Army, informing him of Hitler's death and a willingness to negotiate a city wide surrender, however, they cannot agree on terms because of Soviet insistence on unconditional surrender and Krebs' claim that he lacked authorisation to agree to that
1945
Battle of Berlin
Chuikov, Vassili
 May 1st During the early hours of 1 May, Krebs talks to General Chuikov, commander of the Soviet 8th Guards Army, informing him of Hitler's death and a willingness to negotiate a city wide surrender, however, they cannot agree on terms because of Soviet insistence on unconditional surrender and Krebs' claim that he lacked authorisation to agree to that
1945
Death
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 May 1st Administers poison to his 6 children & shoots his wife & himself in Hitler's bunker
1945
Surrender
Hitler, Adolf
 May 1st German troops in Italy, Austria, Holland & Norway surrender
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 1st German troops in Italy, Austria, Holland & Norway surrender
1945
Battle of Berlin
Hitler, Adolf
 May 2nd The Soviets control the Reichstag
1945
Battle of Berlin
Weidling, Helmuth
 May 2nd General Weidling finally surrenders with his staff at 06:00 hours, he was taken to see General Vasily Chuikov at 08:23, Weidling agrees to order the city's defenders to surrender to the Soviets
1945
Battle of Berlin
Chuikov, Vassili
 May 2nd General Weidling finally surrenders with his staff at 06:00 hours, he is taken to see General Vasily Chuikov at 08:23, Weidling agrees to order the city's defenders to surrender to the Soviets, under General Chuikov's and Vasily Sokolovsky's direction, Weidling puts his order to surrender in writing
 May 2nd General Weidling finally surrenders with his staff at 06:00 hours, he was taken to see General Vasily Chuikov at 08:23, Weidling agrees to order the city's defenders to surrender to the Soviets
1945
Battle of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 May 2nd Early in the morning of 2 May, the Soviets capture the Reich Chancellery
 May 2nd General Weidling finally surrenders with his staff at 06:00 hours, he is taken to see General Vasily Chuikov at 08:23, Weidling agrees to order the city's defenders to surrender to the Soviets, under General Chuikov's and Vasily Sokolovsky's direction, Weidling puts his order to surrender in writing
 May 2nd Berlin surrenders, 17 days after the 1st day of the battle
1945
Battle of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 May 2nd The Soviets capture the Reich Chancellery
1945
Capture of Berlin
Konev, Ivan Stepanovich
 May 2nd With Zhukov shares the honour of capturing Berlin
1945
Capture of Berlin
Stalin, Joseph
 May 2nd Berlin surrenders to the Soviet Army
 May 2nd Berlin falls to the Allies
1945
Invasion of Germany
Stalin, Joseph
 May 2nd The Red flag is raised over the Reichstag
1945
Surrender
Doenitz, Karl
 May 2nd Berlin surrenders to the Soviet Army
1945
VE Day
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 May 2nd Planned & commanded the capture of Germany until VE-Day
1945
Death
Bock, Fedor von
 May 4th Death of Fedor von Bock during an Allied raid on Hamburg
1945
Invasion of Czechoslovakia
Patton, George Smith
 May 4th Elements of the 3rd Army reach Czech
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 5th In Europe, the 21st Army Group made its way across the Netherlands, Denmark and Northwest Germany, until on 5 May 1945 its commander, Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, accepts the German surrender of all German forces
1945
Surrender
Kesselring, Albrecht
 May 6th Surrenders to the Americans
1945
Alliance
Rokossovsky, Konstantin Konstantinovich
 May 7th Montgomery & Rokossovsky join together at Wismar
1945
Arrest
Schuschnigg, Kurt von
 May 7th Rescues from a POW camp at Prager Wildsee by the British 5th Army
1945
Arrest
Schacht, Horace Greeley Hjalmar
 May 7th Rescued from a POW camp at Prager Wildsee by the British 5th Army
1945
Battle of Rhine
Montgomery, Bernard Law
 May 7th Montgomery & Rokossovsky join together at Wismar
1945
Suicide
Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 May 7th Bodies of Goebbels, his wife & 5 children are found in a shelter near the Reichstag
1945
Surrender
Rendulic, Lothar
 May 7th Surrenders 600,000 troops to the Americans rather than the Russians
1945
Surrender
Doenitz, Karl
 May 7th Unconditional surrender of all German forces to the Allies
 May 7th Authorizes unconditional surrender of all German fighting forces
1945
Surrender
Krosigk
 May 7th Proclaims the capitulation of Germany to the Allies in a national broadcast
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 7th Unconditional surrender of all German forces to the Allies
1945
Surrender
Stalin, Joseph
 May 7th The German High Command signs a document of unconditional surrender
1945
Surrender
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 May 7th Accepts the unconditional surrender of the Germans
1945
Capture of Berlin
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 May 8th Directs the capture of Berlin
1945
Surrender
Gaulle, Charles Andre Marie Joseph de
 May 8th Makes the official announcement of victory over the Axis powers in Europe at 3 pm
1945
Surrender
Jodl, Alfred
 May 8th All active operations are to cease at 23:01 Central European Time on 8 May 1945
 May 8th At 02:42 on 7 May 1945, at the SHAEF headquarters in Reims, France, the Chief-of-Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command, Colonel General Alfred Jodl, signs the German Instrument of Surrender
 May 8th Signs the German surrender to the Allies at Rheims, effective from May 8
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 8th Announces "Victory in Europe Day"
1945
Surrender
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 May 8th German military leaders sign documents of surrender in Zhukov's presence
1945
VE Day
Gaulle, Charles Andre Marie Joseph de
 May 8th Makes the official announcement of victory over the Axis powers in Europe at 3 pm
1945
VE Day
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 8th Makes the announcement of Allied victory over the Axis powers in Europe at 3 p.m.
1945
VE Day
Elizabeth II
 May 8th Attends the VE Day celebrations in her ATS uniform
 May 8th Attends the VE Day celebrations in her ATS uniform
1945
VE Day
George VI
 May 8th Broadcasts a victory message to the nation & commonwealth at 9.00 p.m.
1945
VE Day
Eisenhower, Dwight David
 May 8th The day that marks victory in Europe for the Allies in World War II, the defining events were the German's unconditional surrender Eisenhower at Rheims, France, and to the Soviets in Berlin on May 7, President Truman announces victory at 9 AM
1945
VE Day
Truman, Harry S
 May 8th Makes the announcement of Allied victory over the Axis powers in Europe at 3 PM
 May 8th The day that marks victory in Europe for the Allies in World War II, the defining events were the German's unconditional surrender Eisenhower at Rheims, France, and to the Soviets in Berlin on May 7, President Truman announces victory at 9 AM
1945
Surrender
Tassigny, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny
 May 9th Present when Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel signs the final German Instrument of Surrender entering into force at 23:01 Central European Time
1945
Surrender
Keitel, Wilhelm
 May 9th Signs act of military surrender to the Allies
 May 9th Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel signs the final German Instrument of Surrender entering into force at 23:01 Central European Time
1945
Surrender
Tedder, Arthur
 May 9th Present when Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel signs the final German Instrument of Surrender entering into force at 23:01 Central European Time
1945
Surrender
Stalin, Joseph
 May 9th German commanders sign unconditional surrender, ends the war in Europe
1945
Surrender
Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
 May 9th German forces in Prague surrender to the Soviet Army
1945
Surrender
Spaatz, Carl
 May 9th Present when Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel signs the final German Instrument of Surrender entering into force at 23:01 Central European Time
1945
Bombing of Japan
Oppenheimer, Robert
 May 10th Second meeting of the Target Committee, at Los Alamos, which works to finalize the list of cities on which atomic bombs may be dropped
1945
Manhattan Project
Oppenheimer, Robert
 May 10th Second meeting of the Target Committee, at Los Alamos, which works to finalize the list of cities on which atomic bombs may be dropped
 May 10th Second meeting of the Target Committee, at Los Alamos, which works to finalize the list of cities on which atomic bombs may be dropped
1945
Target Committee
Oppenheimer, Robert
 May 10th Second meeting of the Target Committee, at Los Alamos, which works to finalize the list of cities on which atomic bombs may be dropped
1945
Birth
Ball, Alan James
 May 12th Birth of Alan James Ball Jr
1945
Birth
McLagan, Ian
 May 12th Birth of Ian McLagan
1945
Coalition Unit
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 18th Asks Attlee & Sinclair to remain in the Coalition until the defeat of Japan, rejected
1945
Birth
Townshend, Peter Dennis Blandford
 May 19th Birth of Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend
1945
Resignation
Attlee, Clement Richard
 May 21st Rejects Churchill's offer to continue Coalition Government
1945
Arrest
Jodl, Alfred
 May 22nd Jodl & Donitz are arrested by the Allies
1945
Independence
Weizmann, Chaim Azriel
 May 22nd Asks Churchill to abandon the White Paper of 1939
 May 22nd Asks Churchill to proclaim a Jewish State, has to wait for a Peace Conference
1945
Flensburg Government
Doenitz, Karl
 May 23rd Dissolved by the Allies
1945
Prime Minister
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 May 23rd Appointed Prime Minister of Great Britain, 2nd term
1945
Resignation
Attlee, Clement Richard
 May 23rd The Government resigns
1945
Arrest
Himmler, Heinrich
 May 25th Arrested by British troops
1945
Death
Himmler, Heinrich
 May 27th Commits suicide
1945
Secretary
Somerville, Donald
 May 28th Appointed Home Secretary
1945
Commander
Ozawa, Jisaburo
 May 29th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, Combined Fleet
 May 29th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, Combined Fleet
1945
Diplomacy
Kantaro, Suziki
 June Japan offers Russia concessions for a non-aggression pact
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 June Japan offers Russia concessions for a non-aggression pact
1945
Downfall
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 June The Allies prepare for the land invasion of Japan, the plan is scrapped
1945
Downfall
Truman, Harry S
 June The Allies prepare for the land invasion of Japan, the plan is scrapped
1945
Invasion of Japan
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 June The Allies prepare for the land invasion of Japan, the plan is scrapped
1945
Surrender
Browning, Frederick
 June As COS to Mountbatten oversees the surrender of Japan
1945
ACC
Stalin, Joseph
 June 5th The Allied Control Commission administers Germany after its occupation by the Allies
1945
ACC
Roosevelt, Theodore
 June 5th The Allied Control Commission administers Germany after its occupation by the Allies
1945
Berlin Declaration
Doenitz, Karl
 June 5th The Allied Berlin Declaration abolishes all the institutions of German civil Government, and establishes that the Constitution no longer holds any legal force
1945
Constitution
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 June 5th Opening day of the Allied Control Commission for German administration
1945
Diplomacy
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 June 5th Opening of the Allied Control Commission by Churchill, Roosevelt & Stalin
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 June 5th USA, Britain, Russia & France declare supreme authority over Germany
1945
Rule of Germany
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 June 5th USA., Britain, Russia & France declare supreme authority over Germany
1945
Rule of Germany
Stalin, Joseph
 June 5th USA, Britain, Russia & France declare supreme authority over Germany
1945
Rule of Germany
Truman, Harry S
 June 5th USA., Britain, Russia & France declare supreme authority over Germany
1945
Armament
Ironside
 June 12th Completes the plan for the defense of Britain
1945
Defense
Ironside
 June 12th Draws a line from Edinburgh to the Medway & Bristol to London of ditches & "pillboxes"
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Ushijima, Mitsuru
 June 17th The US forces divide the Japanese garrison into 3 encircled pockets
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Buckner, Bolivar
 June 17th Makes a broadcast asking the Japanese at Okinawa to surender
 June 17th The US forces divide the Japanese garrison into 3 encircled pockets
 June 19th Killed while inspecting the 8th Marines
1945
Birth
Karadzic, Radovan
 June 19th Birth of Radovan Karadzic
1945
Death
Mazurkiewicz, Stefan
 June 19th Death of Stefan Mazurkiewicz
1945
Death
Buckner, Bolivar
 June 19th Death of Bolivar Buckner at the battle of Okinawa while inspecting the 8th Marines
1945
Election
Benes, Eduard
 June 19th Formally elected to his second term as President
1945
President
Benes, Eduard
 June 19th Formally elected to his second term as President
1945
Battle of Okinawa
Ushijima, Mitsuru
 June 25th Commits ritual suicide
1945
Death
Ushijima, Mitsuru
 June 25th Death of Mitsuru Ushijima, commits ritual suicide during the battle of Okinawa
1945
Charter
Truman, Harry S
 June 26th Witnesses the signing of the charter of the United Nations
1945
United Nations
Koo, Wellington
 June 26th Signs the charter on behalf of China, the 1st to sign
1945
United Nations
Wood, Edward Frederick Lindley
 June 26th Signs the United Nations Charter on behalf of Britain
1945
United Nations
Truman, Harry S
 June 26th Calls the United Nations "a great instrument for peace & security & human progress in the world"
 June 26th Witnesses the signing of the charter of the United Nations
1945
Prime Minister
Gerhardsen, Einer Henry
 June 29th Appointed Prime Minister of Norway, 1st term
1945
Conference of Potsdam
Attlee, Clement Richard
 July Attlee & Truman meet & decide to establish the Nurnberg Tribunal for war crimes
1945
Conference of Potsdam
Stalin, Joseph
 July A council of foreign ministers will settle differences between the 4 German zones
 July Germany is divided into 4 zones
 July Stalin reiterates his pledge given at Yalta to attack Japan
1945
Conference of Potsdam
Chi-Minh, Ho
 July The Allied leaders divide Vietnam at the 16th parallel
 July The British will take the sth & Chinese nationalists the nth of Vietnam
1945
Constitution
Franco-Bahamonde, Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo
 July Issues the Fuero de los Espanoles, a charter of rights
1945
Declaration of Potsdam
Kantaro, Suziki
 July USA & Britain demand Japan's unconditional surrender or "prompt & utter destruction"
1945
Diplomacy
Kantaro, Suziki
 July Japan askes Russia to mediate peace without unconditional surrender, Stalin refuses
1945
Diplomacy
Stalin, Joseph
 July Japan askes Russia to mediate peace without unconditional surrender, Stalin refuses
1945
Exile
Laval, Pierre
 July Flown to Spain a few days before the German surrender, Franco has Laval arrested and turned over to the Americans in Austria who extradite him to the French authorities in July
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
Truman, Harry S
 July Attlee & Truman meet & decide to establish the Nurnberg Tribunal for war crimes
1945
Member of Parliament
Callaghan, James
 July 5th Elected Member of Parliament
1945
Arrest
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander
 July 7th Sentenced in his absence by a three-man tribunal of the Soviet security police (NKGB) to an eight-year term in a labour camp, to be followed by permanent internal exile
1945
Trial
Solzhenitsyn, Alexander
 July 7th Sentenced in his absence by a three-man tribunal of the Soviet security police (NKGB) to an eight-year term in a labour camp, to be followed by permanent internal exile
1945
1st Nuclear Explosion
Oppenheimer, Robert
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
 July 16th The joint work of the scientists at Los Alamos resulted in the first artificial Nuclear explosion near Alamogordo on July 16, 1945, the site of which Oppenheimer named "Trinity"
1945
Bombing of Japan
Spaatz, Carl
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
1945
Bombing of Japan
Truman, Harry S
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
1945
Gadget, The
Oppenheimer, Robert
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
1945
Invention of Atomic Bomb
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 July 16th Sees the atomic bomb as a means of delivering peace to the world
 July 16th With Allied leaders in Potsdam when he hears news of the succesful test explosion
1945
Invention of Atomic Bomb
Truman, Harry S
 July 16th With Allied leaders in Potsdam when he hears news of the succesful test explosion
1945
Manhattan Project
Oppenheimer, Robert
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
 July 16th The joint work of the scientists at Los Alamos resulted in the first artificial Nuclear explosion near Alamogordo on July 16, 1945, the site of which Oppenheimer named "Trinity"
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
1945
Manhattan Project
Spaatz, Carl
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
1945
Manhattan Project
Truman, Harry S
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
 July 16th General Carl Spaatz is ordered to bomb one of the targets: Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, or Nagasaki as soon as weather permitted, some time after August 3
1945
Nuclear Warfare
Farrell, Thomas F
 July 16th Witnesses the test Nuclear explosion & says, "the war is over"
 July 16th Witnesses the test Nuclear explosion & says, "the war is over"
1945
Trinity, The
Oppenheimer, Robert
 July 16th The first Nuclear explosion, the "Trinity" test of an implosion-style plutonium-based Nuclear weapon known as "the gadget", near Alamogordo, New Mexico
1945
Conference of Potsdam
Truman, Harry S
 July 17th Churchill, Stalin & Truman agree the map for post war Europe
 July 17th Germany will divided into 4 zones
 July 17th Poland's western frontier will follow the Oder-Neisse line
 July 17th Soviet power in Eastern Europe is recognized
1945
1st Atomic Weapons
Stalin, Joseph
 July 24th President Harry S. Truman discloses to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has atomic weapons, Stalin feigns little surprise; he already knows this through espionage
 July 24th President Harry S. Truman discloses to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has atomic weapons, Stalin feigns little surprise; he already knows this through espionage
1945
1st Atomic Weapons
Truman, Harry S
 July 24th President Harry S. Truman discloses to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has atomic weapons, Stalin feigns little surprise; he already knows this through espionage
 July 24th President Harry S. Truman discloses to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has atomic weapons, Stalin feigns little surprise; he already knows this through espionage
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Truman, Harry S
 July 24th Decides to drop the A-bomb on Hiroshima
1945
Declaration of Potsdam
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 July 24th The US, Britain & Nationalist China calls for unconditional Japanese surrender
1945
Declaration of Potsdam
Truman, Harry S
 July 24th The US, Britain & Nationalist China calls for unconditional Japanese surrender
 July 24th USA, Britain & Nationalist China calls for unconditional Japanese surrender
1945
Manhattan Project
Truman, Harry S
 July 24th President Harry S. Truman discloses to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that the United States has atomic weapons, Stalin feigns little surprise; he already knows this through espionage
1945
Birth
Mirren, Helen
 July 26th Birth of Helen Mirren, born Ilyena Vasilievna Mironov
1945
Prime Minister
Attlee, Clement Richard
 July 26th Appointed Prime Minister of Great Britain, 1st term
1945
Rule of Falklands, The
Attlee, Clement Richard
 July 26th Britain states that as an essential precondition for the fulfilment of United Nations Resolution 1514, regarding the de-colonisation of all territories still under foreign occupation, the Falklanders have to vote for British withdrawal at a referendum
1945
United Nations
Attlee, Clement Richard
 July 26th Britain states that as an essential precondition for the fulfilment of United Nations Resolution 1514, regarding the de-colonisation of all territories still under foreign occupation, the Falklanders have to vote for British withdrawal at a referendum
1945
Declaration of Potsdam
Hirohito
 July 27th Japan ignores the request for uncondional surrender, unaware of the US the atomic bomb
 July 27th The US, Britain & Nationalist China calls for unconditional Japanese surrender
 July 27th The US & Britain & Nationalist China threaten Japan with "prompt & utter destruction"
1945
Junior Commander
Elizabeth II
 July 27th Appointed Junior Commander in the ATS
 July 27th Appointed Junior Commander in the ATS
1945
Ultimatum Potsdam
Truman, Harry S
 July 27th The Japanese have to choose "utter devastation or unconditional surrender"
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Kantaro, Suziki
 Aug The Us drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima
1945
Declaration of War
Hirohito
 Aug Russia declares war on Japan
1945
Declaration of War
Kantaro, Suziki
 Aug Russia declares war on Japan
1945
Invasion of Manchuria
Kantaro, Suziki
 Aug Russia invades Manchuria
1945
Revolution
Bao Dai
 Aug Forced to abicate in favour of a provisional Government under Ho Chi Minh
1945
Secretary
Eve, James Chuter
 Aug 2nd Appointed Home Secretary
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Truman, Harry S
 Aug 5th "Little Boy" is loaded onto the Enola Gay
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Lewis, Robert
 Aug 6th A co-pilot on the Enola gay which drops the "little boy" a-bomb on Hiroshima
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
 Aug 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Tibbets, Paul
 Aug 6th Flies the "Enola Gay" which drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima
1945
Little Boy
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
1945
Manhattan Project
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
1945
Charter
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Aug 8th The international military tribunal charter lists 24 suspected war criminals
1945
Declaration of War
Stalin, Joseph
 Aug 8th Rusiia declares war on Japan
 Aug 8th Russia declares war on Japan
1945
Invasion of Manchuria
Stalin, Joseph
 Aug 8th Russia invades Manchuria
1945
Trial
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Aug 8th The international military tribunal charter is drawn up with 24 suspect war criminals
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Hirohito
 Aug 9th More than 10 sqr miles are obliterated & 137,000 killed
 Aug 9th The USA drops a plutonium bomb on Hiroshima
1945
Bombing of Nagasaki
Hirohito
 Aug 9th The USA drops the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, over 73,000 are killed
1945
Bombing of Nagasaki
Kantaro, Suziki
 Aug 9th The USA drops the atomic bomb on Nagasaki
1945
Bombing of Nagasaki
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Bombing of Nagasaki
Truman, Harry S
 Aug 9th The USA drops the atomic bomb on Nagasaki
1945
Fat Man
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
 Aug 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Manhattan Project
Spaatz, Carl
 Aug 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Surrender
Suzuki, Kantaro
 Aug 9th Suzuki approaches Hirohito who tells him Japan should surrender
 Aug 9th The Supreme Council is deadlocked on the question of surrender
1945
Manhattan Project
Groves, Leslie
 Aug 12th General Leslie Groves had commissioned Smyth to write the Report at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project
1945
Manhattan Project
Smyth, Henry DeWolf
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report was the common name given to an administrative history written by physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Allied World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report was the common name given to an administrative history written by physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Allied World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project
 Aug 12th General Leslie Groves had commissioned Smyth to write the Report at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project
1945
Manhattan Project
Truman, Harry S
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report is released to the public, giving the first technical history of the development of the first atomic bombs
1945
Smyth Report
Groves, Leslie
 Aug 12th General Leslie Groves had commissioned Smyth to write the Report at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project
1945
Smyth Report
Smyth, Henry DeWolf
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report was the common name given to an administrative history written by physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Allied World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report was the common name given to an administrative history written by physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Allied World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project
 Aug 12th General Leslie Groves had commissioned Smyth to write the Report at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project
1945
Smyth Report
Truman, Harry S
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report is released to the public, giving the first technical history of the development of the first atomic bombs
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report is released to the public, giving the first technical history of the development of the first atomic bombs
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report was the common name given to an administrative history written by physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth about the Allied World War II effort to develop the atomic bomb, the Manhattan Project
 Aug 12th The Smyth Report is released to the public, giving the first technical history of the development of the first atomic bombs
1945
Declaration of War
En-Lai, Chou
 Aug 14th Issues "Directive no 1" to march the PLA into former Japanese territory
1945
Declaration of War
Tse-Tung, Mao
 Aug 14th With the Peoples Liberation Army declares war against Chiang Kaishek
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Aug 14th Hirohito announces the surrender of Japan
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Aug 14th Hirohito announces the surrender of Japan
1945
Treaty of Peace
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 Aug 14th Signs a peace treaty with Russia
1945
Broadcast
Hirohito
 Aug 15th Hirohito broadcasts a radio message telling the people that Japan will surrender
1945
Supreme Commander
MacArthur, Douglas
 Aug 15th Appointed Supreme Commander for Allied Powers
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Aug 15th The Allies celebrate 15th August as VJ Day
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Aug 15th Hirohito broadcasts a radio message telling the people that Japan will surrender
1945
Surrender
MacArthur, Douglas
 Aug 15th Inititiates action with Japan for the cessation of hostilities
1945
Surrender
Truman, Harry S
 Aug 15th Announces the unconditional surrender of Japan
1945
Surrender
Bao Dai
 Aug 15th Japan surrenders to the Allies, creates a power vacuum filled by the Viet Minh
1945
VJ Day
Elizabeth II
 Aug 15th Celebrates the end of war with Japan at a dinner party in Buckingham Palace
 Aug 15th Celebrates the end of war with Japan at a dinner party in Buckingham Palace
1945
Capture of Hanoi
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 16th The first Vietminh troops enter Hanoi
1945
NLC
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 16th Summons 60 comrades to Tran Ho to form the National Liberation Committee
 Aug 16th Summons 60 comrades to Tran Ho to form the National Liberation Committee
1945
President
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 16th Appointed President of the National Liberation Committee
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Aug 16th Issues an Imperial Order directing Japanese forces to surrender
1945
Independence
Sukarno, Achmed
 Aug 17th Proclaims Indonesian Independence
1945
Minister
Shidehara, Kijuro
 Aug 17th Appointed Minister of Agriculture
1945
Prime Minister
Higashikuni, Naruhiko
 Aug 17th Appointed Prime Minister of Japan
1945
Prime Minister
Shidehara, Kijuro
 Aug 17th Appointed Prime Minister of Japan
1945
Capture of Harbin
Stalin, Joseph
 Aug 19th The Russians occupy Harbin in Manchuria
1945
Capture of Mukden
Stalin, Joseph
 Aug 19th The Russians occupy Mukden in Manchuria
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Aug 19th Japanese emissaries receive terms for Japan's surrender from the US
1945
Abdication
Bao Dai
 Aug 23rd The Japanese transfer power to the Vietminh & the Emperor is forced to abdicate
1945
Independence
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 23rd Arrives in a Vietminh dominated Hanoi
 Aug 23rd Enter Hanoi & declares independence
1945
Abdication
Bao Dai
 Aug 25th Hue reads a declaration handing over "sovereign power" to the Vietminh
1945
Constitution
Bao Dai
 Aug 25th Hue reads a declaration handing over "sovereign power" to the Vietminh
 Aug 25th The Democratic Republic of Vietnam is proclaimed
1945
Constitution
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 25th The Emperor abdicate giving Ho Chi-Minh the "mandate of heaven"
1945
Abdication
Bao Dai
 Aug 28th Accepts the post of supreme political adviser in the provisional Government
1945
Constitution
Bao Dai
 Aug 28th Accepts the post of supreme political adviser in the provisional Government
1945
Government
Bao Dai
 Aug 28th Accepts the post of supreme political adviser in the provisional Government
1945
Peace
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 Aug 28th Holds peace talks with Zhou En-Lai & Mao Tse-Tung in Chongqing
1945
Peace
Tse-Tung, Mao
 Aug 28th Attends peace talks with Chiang Kaishek in Chongqing
1945
Government
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 29th Announces the Provisional Government in Hanoi with Bao Dai as Supreme Counsellor
1945
President
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Aug 29th Appointed President of North Vietnam
1945
Surrender
MacArthur, Douglas
 Aug 30th Arrives by plane at Atsugi airodrome to take the formal surrender of Japan
1945
Birth
Shavers, Ernie
 Aug 31st Birth of Earnie Dee Shaver
1945
Arrest
Homma, Masaharu
 Sep Arrested by the Americans & tried for war crimes
1945
Education
Lennon, John Winston
 Sep John Lennon starts at Doverdale Primary School
1945
Trial
Homma, Masaharu
 Sep Arrested by the Americans & tried for war crimes
 Sep Tried for atrocities during the Bataan "Death March"
1945
Constitution
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Sep 2nd Proclaims the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
1945
Independence
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Sep 2nd Proclaims the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
 Sep 2nd Japan surrenders to the Allies & Ho declares independence
1945
Surrender
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Sep 2nd The surrender of Japan is signed
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Sep 2nd Japan formally surrenders aboard the USS Missouri
1945
Surrender
Shidehara, Kijuro
 Sep 2nd Formal surrender of the Japanese Empire aboard the USS Missouri
1945
Surrender
Shigemitsu, Mamoru
 Sep 2nd Signs the surrender on behalf of the Emperor & Japanese Government on USS Missouri
1945
Surrender
Yamashita, Tomoyuki
 Sep 2nd Surrenders to the Americans after belated news of the Emperor's death reaches him
 Sep 3rd Signs the surrender of the Japanese forces in the Philippines
1945
Surrender
MacArthur, Douglas
 Sep 3rd Formally accepts the surrender of Japan on the aircraft-carrier Missouri
1945
Invasion of Vietnam
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Sep 9th Chinese troops move down to the 16th parallel, as agreed with the Allies
1945
Surrender
Yingqin, Nanking He
 Sep 9th Formally accepts the surrender of Japan
1945
Independence
Gracey, Douglas
 Sep 13th Lands a force in Saigon & returns authority to the French
1945
Surrender
Adachi, Hatazo
 Sep 13th Surrenders the 18th Army with only 13,500 from an original 65,000
1945
Surrender
Hirohito
 Sep 14th Japan surrenders to the Allies
1945
Independence
Attlee, Clement Richard
 Sep 19th Promises India independence
1945
Martial Law
Gracey, Douglas
 Sep 21st Exceeds his authority & declares martial law in Vietnam
 Sep 22nd Appeals in vain for calm as French paratroopers go on the rampage in Saigon
1945
Trial
MacArthur, Douglas
 Sep 22nd Instructs the creation of an international war tribunal to try Japanese war criminals
1945
Strike
Chi-Minh, Ho
 Sep 24th In response to French violence in Saigon the Vietminh abandon their policy of pacifism
1945
Death
Bartok, Bela Viktor Janos
 Sep 26th Death of Bela Viktor Janos Bartok
1945
Death
Dewey, Peter
 Sep 26th Death of Peter Dewey, 1st American to die in Vietnam
1945
Treaty of Surrender
Badoglio, Pietro
 Sep 28th Signs the Italian treaty of unconditional surrender to the Allies
1945
Commander
Patton, George Smith
 Oct Appointed Commander of the 15th Army
1945
Exile
Rhee, Syngman
 Oct Returns to Korea after 33 yrs in exile
1945
Trial
Quisling, Vidkun
 Oct Held responsible for sending over 1,000 Jews to concentration camps
 Oct Surrenders to the newly restored Norwegian Government then tried & executed
1945
Birth
Silva, Luiz Inacio Lula da
 Oct 6th Birth of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
1945
Trial
Laval, Pierre
 Oct 9th The Prime Minister of France is sentenced to death for high treason
1945
Peace
Tse-Tung, Mao
 Oct 12th Leaves the peace talks saying "difficulties remained which could be overcome"
1945
Death
Laval, Pierre
 Oct 15th Death of Pierre Laval, executed
1945
Execution
Laval, Pierre
 Oct 15th Shot by a firing squad for high treason
1945
Manhattan Project
Bradbury, Norris
 Oct 16th Oppenheimer resigns as director of Los Alamos, and is succeeded by Norris Bradbury
 Oct 16th Oppenheimer resigns as director of Los Alamos, and is succeeded by Norris Bradbury
1945
Manhattan Project
Oppenheimer, Robert
 Oct 16th Oppenheimer resigns as director of Los Alamos, and is succeeded by Norris Bradbury
 Oct 16th Oppenheimer resigns as director of Los Alamos, and is succeeded by Norris Bradbury
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
Nikitchenko, Iona
 Oct 18th The International Military Tribunal is opened, in the Supreme Court Building in Berlin, the first session is presided over by the Soviet judge, Nikitchenko
 Oct 18th The prosecution enters indictments against 24 major war criminals and six criminal organizations - the leadership of the Nazi party, the Schutzstaffel (SS) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the Gestapo, the Sturmabteilung (SA
1945
President
Benes, Eduard
 Oct 28th Unanimously confirmed as the president of the republic by the National Assembly
1945
President
Linhares, Jose
 Oct 29th Appointed President of Brazil
1945
Alliance
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 Nov US marines land in nth China to hold ports for Chiang until his troops can reach them
1945
Death
Kramer, Joseph
 Nov Death of Joseph Kramer, executed
1945
Execution
Kramer, Joseph
 Nov Execution of Joseph Kramer
1945
Invasion of China
Kai-Shek, Chiang
 Nov US marines land in nth China to hold ports for Chiang until his troops can reach them
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
Laurence, Geoffrey
 Nov Appointed President of the Tibunal
1945
Nuclear Warfare
Stalin, Joseph
 Nov 6th The USSR announces that it will make its own atomic bomb
 Nov 6th The USSR announces that it will make its own atomic bomb
1945
Death
Mackensen, August von
 Nov 8th Death of August von Mackensen
1945
Election
Tito, Josip Broz
 Nov 12th Secures an overwhelming Majority in the General Election
1945
Diplomacy
Marshall, George Catlett
 Nov 21st Truman appoints General Marshall special representitive to China
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
Jackson, Robert
 Nov 21st Opens the case for the prosecution of alleged war criminals
1945
Death
Quisling, Vidkun
 Nov 24th Death of Vidkun Quisling, executed
1945
Execution
Quisling, Vidkun
 Nov 24th Surrenders to the newly restored Norwegian Government then tried & executed
1945
Independence
Tito, Josip Broz
 Nov 29th With Soviet help Yugoslavia is declared a Federal Republic
1945
Burial
Patton, George Smith
 Dec Buried among the soldiers who died in the battle of the Bulger
1945
Ministry of Interior
Shidehara, Kijuro
 Dec The Ministry of the Interior is abolished
1945
Reform
Shidehara, Kijuro
 Dec First Land Reform Act
1945
Execution
Yamashita, Tomoyuki
 Dec 7th Executed for war crimes, 4th anniversary of Pearl Harbour
1945
President
Kunschak, Leopold
 Dec 19th Appointed President of the National Council
1945
Chancellor
Figl, Leopold
 Dec 20th Appointed Chancellor of Austria
1945
Federal Vice Chancellor
Scharf, Adolf
 Dec 20th Appointed Federal Vice Chancellor
1945
Death
Patton, George Smith
 Dec 21st Death of George Smith Patton
1945
Birth
Kilmister, Ian Fraser "Lemmy"
 Dec 24th Birth of Ian Fraser "Lemmy" Kilmister
1945
Birth
Sharif, Nawaz
 Dec 25th Birth of Nawaz Sharif
1945
Bombing of Hiroshima
Truman, Harry S
 88 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
1945
Manhattan Project
Truman, Harry S
 88 6th "Little Boy", a gun-type uranium-235 weapon, is used against the city of Hiroshima, Japan
1945
Bombing of Nagasaki
Truman, Harry S
 88 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Fat Man
Truman, Harry S
 88 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Manhattan Project
Truman, Harry S
 88 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
 88 9th "Fat Man", an implosion-type plutonium-239 weapon, is used against the city of Nagasaki, Japan
1945
Führerbunker
Hitler, Adolf
 The 2nd Belorussian Front establishes a bridgehead over 15 km deep on the west bank of the Oder, and is engaged with the III Panzer Army, the IX Army had lost Cottbus and is being pressed from the east, a Soviet tank spearhead is on the Havel river to the east of Berlin, and another had at one point penetrated the inner defensive ring of Berlin 22nd

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