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Bishops War, 1st
Bishops War, 2nd
Church England
Civil War
England Scotland War
Government
House Stuart
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Events
Alliance
Arrest
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Battle of Banbury
Battle of Brentford
Battle of Dee
Battle of Edgehill
Battle of Lostwithiel
Battle of Marston Moor
Battle of Naseby
Battle of Newark
Battle of Newburn
Battle of Newbury
Battle of Powick Bridge
Battle of Stow on the Wold
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Birth
Black Oath
Burial
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Capture of Banbury
Capture of Donnington
Capture of Dumbarton
Capture of Edinburgh
Capture of Inverness
Capture of Leicester
Capture of Newcastle
Capture of Oxford
Capture of Quebec
Capture of Reading
Capture of York
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Commission
Commissions of Array
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Constitution
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Exile
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Invasion of
Invasion of Ireland
Invasion of Scotland
Investiture
Legislation
Lieutenant
Long Parliament
Marriage
Mobilization
National Covenant
Oxford Parliament
Pacification Berwick
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Petition
Plot
Prayer Book
Propositions 19
Rebellion
Reform
Restoration
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Rule of Northumberland
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Safety Royal Familly
Self Denying Ordinance
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Siege of Cadiz
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Siege of Gloucester
Siege of Hull
Siege of Leicester
Siege of London
Siege of Newark
Siege of Newcastle
Siege of Oxford
Siege of Raglan
Siege of Reading
Siege of York
Speech
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Surrender
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The World History Database

The World History Database

Charles I
History of England


1600
Birth
Charles I
 Nov 19th Birth of Charles I, son of James I of England & Queen Anne of Denmark
1604
Education
Charles I
  Leaves Scotland to live in England
1616
Investiture
Charles I
 Nov 4th Investiture as Prince of Wales at Westminster, the last investiture until 1911
1625
Siege of Cadiz
Charles I
  A naval bombardment of Cadiz ends in failure
1625
Taxation
Charles I
  Parliament grants tonnage & poundage for a year rather than life
1625
Coronation
Charles I
 Mar 27th Crowned King of England
1625
Marriage
Charles I
 May 1st Marries Henrietta Maria, daughter of the France's Henry IV
1625
Burial
Charles I
 May 5th Attends the burial of James I in state as the chief mourner at Westminster Abbey
1625
Parliament
Charles I
 June 18th Opens his 1st parliament
1625
Treaty of Hague, The
Charles I
 Dec 9th The Dutch & English to subsidize support for German Protestants
1626
Legislation
Charles I
  The Act of Revocation is passed in Scotland reforming ownership of Church lands
1626
Reform
Charles I
  The Act of Revocation is passed in Scotland reforming ownership of Church lands
1626
Parliament
Charles I
 Feb 6th Refuses to grant funds without redress of grievances
1626
Trial
Charles I
 Feb 23rd Begins the impeachment of the Duke of Buckingham
1627
Succession
Charles I
  2nd son of James I & Anne of Denmark, became heir when his brother Henry died in 1612
  Succeeds as King of England
1628
Burial
Charles I
  Charles I buries the Buckingham in the Chapel of Henry VII, reserved for royalty
1629
Speech
Charles I
  Addresses Parliament for the 1st time but fails to raise funds for a war with Spain
1629
Arrest
Charles I
 Mar 5th Has 9 MPs arrested
1629
Parliament
Charles I
 Mar 5th Appoints Laud & Wentworth as advisers to rule without Parliament
 Mar 10th Charles raises money by fines imposed by star Chamber & selling monopolies
 Mar 10th Parliament does not open again for 11 yrs
1629
Capture of Quebec
Charles I
 Aug 9th Quebec is temporarily surrendered to the English
1633
Coronation
Charles I
 June 18th 1st time since early infancy that Charles has set foot in Scotland
 June 18th Creates controversy because of the Papist ceremony using a Church of England service
1634
Reform
Charles I
  Raises "ship money" on the coastal counties
  Tries to stop his 2nd Parliament debating taxation, outlawing Popery & Arminianism
1635
Taxation
Charles I
  Extends "ship money" to include inland counties
1636
Demonstrations
Charles I
  The reading of the English Prayer Book causes a riot in Scotland
1636
Prayer Book
Charles I
  Issues the Book of Canons reorganizing the Scottish Church along English lines
  The Scottish Church is to use a Prayer Book written in England by English churchmen
1636
Rebellion
Charles I
  The General Assembly abolishes Charles I's reforms & re-establishes Presbyterianism
1636
Reform
Charles I
  Issues the Book of Canons reorganizing the Scottish Church along English lines
1637
Rebellion
Charles I
  Charles attempts to impose the Anglican Book of Common Prayer on the Scots
  Scots of all classes show their open resistance by signing the National Covenant
1637
Reform
Charles I
  Enhances the Navy, the "Sovereign of the Seas" is constructed
1638
Constitution
Charles I
  Charles I concedes the Scottish right to free church assembly and a free parliament
1638
Episcopacy
Charles I
  A general assembly of the Scottish church abolishes the episcopacy
1638
National Covenant
Charles I
  The Scottish National Covenant is founded, "in defense of the true reformed religion"
1638
Pacification Berwick
Charles I
  Charles I concedes the Scottish right to free church assembly and a free parliament
  The 1st Bishop's War ends without fighting by the Pacification of Berwick
1638
Rebellion
Charles I
  The Scots rebel against the Church worship which Charles designed for them
  Parliament refuses money & Charles is defeated
  The Scots rebel against the Church worship which Charles designed for them
  The Scottish National Covenant is founded, "in defense of the true reformed religion"
  Parliament refuses money & Charles is defeated
 July Charles I advises his Privy Council he will have to use force against the Covenantors
 Nov Agrees to a General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which meets at Glasgow
 Nov Support for the Covenant grows under the leadership of Montrose & Argyll
 Nov The Scots Church Assembly decideds that bishops should be deposed or excommunicated
1638
Assembly
Charles I
 Nov 24th Charles' commissioner try to close the Assembly but they are ignored
1638
Constitution
Charles I
 Nov 24th Charles' commissioner try to close the Assembly but they are ignored
1638
Episcopacy
Charles I
 Nov 24th The episcopacy is abolished
1639
Declaration of War
Charles I
  Starts after Charles tries to enforce the English Book of Common Prayer on the Scots
1639
Taxation
Charles I
  "Ship money" is illegally raised inland in time of peace, finances Charles' court
1639
Capture of Inverness
Charles I
 Feb The Covenantors capture Inverness
1639
Capture of Dumbarton
Charles I
 Mar 21st Dumbarton castle falls to the Covenanters
1639
Capture of Edinburgh
Charles I
 Mar 21st Edinburgh castle falls to the Covenanters
1639
Capture of Aberdeen
Charles I
 May 14th The Royalists briefly occupy Aberdeen
1639
Siege of Aberdeen
Charles I
 May 14th The Royalists capture Aberdeen
1639
Black Oath
Charles I
 May 21st The "black oath" requires all Scots in Ulster to take an oath to the King
1639
Rule of Ulster
Charles I
 May 21st The "black oath" requires all Scots in Ulster to take an oath to the King
1639
Treaty of Berwick
Charles I
 June 18th The treaty of Berwick ends the 1st Bishops War as Charles is forced to call a truce
1639
Battle of Dee
Charles I
 June 19th The Covenantors occupy Aberdeen
1639
Parliament
Charles I
 Aug 30th 1st day of Charles' 2nd Parliament in Scotland
 Nov 14th Final day of Charles' 2nd Parliament in Scotland
1640
Constitution
Charles I
  A Triennial Act is passed, requiring that no more than three years should elapse between sessions of Parliament and the Dissolution Act which required the Long Parliament's consent to its own dissolution
1640
Invasion of England
Charles I
  Charles sees himself as the "Defender of the Faith"
  The Scots invade with a crusade for presbyterianism
1640
Legislation
Charles I
  A Triennial Act is passed, requiring that no more than three years should elapse between sessions of Parliament and the Dissolution Act which required the Long Parliament's consent to its own dissolution
1640
Long Parliament
Charles I
  A Triennial Act is passed, requiring that no more than three years should elapse between sessions of Parliament and the Dissolution Act which required the Long Parliament's consent to its own dissolution
1640
Parliament
Charles I
  Charles's attempted offer to cease the levying of Ship Money does not impress the Members of Parliament
  Parliament refuses to grant any money to Charles until its grievences are redressed
1640
Plot
Charles I
  Marie de'Medici & 600 others are entertained at court, fears of a Catholic plot
1640
Treaty of Covenanters
Charles I
  Forced to sign a humiliating treaty with the Scottish "covenanters"
  The Scottish Covenanters resist Charles' attempts to impose a high Church
1640
Triennial Act
Charles I
  A Triennial Act is passed, requiring that no more than three years should elapse between sessions of Parliament and the Dissolution Act which required the Long Parliament's consent to its own dissolution
1640
Parliament
Charles I
 April After 11 years of attempting personal rule, Charles recalls Parliament under the advice of Lord Wentworth, recently created Earl of Strafford
 April Charles I opens the "Short Parliament", to finance the war
 April Opens Parliament to finance the war
 April 13th Calls the 1st Parliament in 10 yrs to raise 300,000 to fight the Scots Covenantors
 April 17th John Pym makes his long speech expressing the refusal of the House of Commons to vote subsidies without a reduction of royal abuse
 May Dissolves Parliament after it refuses to finance the war
 May 4th Dissolves Parliament after failing to raise extra finances, after just 3 weeks
 June 2nd 1st day, 2nd session, of Charles' 2nd Parliament in Scotland
1640
Constitution
Charles I
 June 11th Scotland declares its votes can become acts without the King's assent
1640
Parliament
Charles I
 June 11th Final day, 2nd session, of Charles' 2nd Parliament in Scotland
 June 11th Scotland declares its votes can become acts without the King's assent
1640
Rule of Scotland
Charles I
 June 11th Scotland declares its votes can become acts without the King's assent
1640
Parliament
Charles I
 July 15th 1st day, 3rd session, of Charles' 2nd Parliament in Scotland
1640
Invasion of England
Charles I
 Aug 20th Charles I leaves London for the north
1640
Battle of Newburn
Charles I
 Aug 28th Covenantor victory against Charles I at the battle of Newburn
 Aug 28th The only battle of the Second Bishops' War
 Aug 28th Two days after the battle the city of Newcastle is surrendered to the Scots
1640
Capture of Newcastle
Charles I
 Aug 30th The Covenantors capture Newcastle
1640
Siege of Durham
Charles I
 Sep The Covenantors lay Siege to Durham after the victory at Newburn
1640
Assembly
Charles I
 Sep 24th Calls an Assembly of Notables, lay & clerical
1640
Council of York
Charles I
 Sep 24th Charles I calls the Great Council to York
1640
Demonstrations
Charles I
 Oct There are demonstrations in the City of London for Charles to open Parliament
1640
Rule of Durham
Charles I
 Oct 16th Under the terms of the treaty of Ripon Scotland is awarded Durham
1640
Rule of Northumberland
Charles I
 Oct 16th Under the treaty of Ripon the Scots are to keep Northumberland
1640
Treaty of Ripon
Charles I
 Oct 16th The Scots keep Northumberland & Durham
 Oct 16th The Scots will be paid 850 per day until an English Parliament resolves final terms
1640
Rule of Durham
Charles I
 Oct 26th The treaty of Ripon allows the Scots to keep control of Northumberland and Durham
1640
Rule of Northumberland
Charles I
 Oct 26th The treaty of Ripon allows the Scots to keep control of Northumberland and Durham
1640
Treaty of Ripon
Charles I
 Oct 26th The 2nd treaty of Ripon ends the 2nd Bishop's War
 Oct 26th Ends the Second Bishop's War between Charles I & the Scots
 Oct 26th The treaty of Ripon allows the Scots to keep control of Northumberland and Durham
1640
Invasion of England
Charles I
 Nov The Scots advance as far as Durham
1640
Chamber
Charles I
 Nov 3rd The Long Parliament abolishes the Star Chamber
1640
Constitution
Charles I
 Nov 3rd The Long Parliament votes that Parliament cannot be dissolved without its consent
1640
Long Parliament
Charles I
 Nov 3rd Name of the English Parliament called by Charles I following the Bishops' Wars
 Nov 3rd Receives its name from the fact that through a unique Act of Parliament, it could only be dissolved with the agreement of the members and those members did not agree to its dissolution until after the English Civil War and at the end of Interregnum 1660
 Nov 3rd The sole reason Charles I assembled Parliament was to ask it to pass finance bills, since the Bishops' Wars had bankrupted him
 Nov 3rd Opens the "Long Parliament" to pay his army & the Scots after the treaty of Ripon
1640
Parliament
Charles I
 Nov 3rd 5th & last Parliament
 Nov 3rd Opened to maintain his army in the nth because a Scottish army had reached Durham
 Nov 3rd Charles recalls Parliament which refuses to fund his war against the Scots
 Nov 3rd Opens the "Long Parliament" to pay his army & the Scots after the treaty of Ripon
 Nov 3rd Parliamentary demands lead ultimately to the English Civil War
1640
Reform
Charles I
 Nov 3rd The Long Parliament declares extra Parliamentary taxation illegal
1640
Treaty of Ripon
Charles I
 Nov 3rd Under the terms of the treaty Charles opens Parliament
 Nov 3rd Opens the "Long Parliament" to pay his army & the Scots after the treaty of Ripon
1640
Petition
Charles I
 Dec 11th The Root & Branch petition
1641
Battle of Newburn
Charles I
  Scottish Bishops occupy Newcastle & 6 northern counties after the battle of Newburn
1641
Capture of Newcastle
Charles I
  Scottish Bishops occupy Newcastle & 6 northern counties after the battle of Newburn
1641
Constitution
Charles I
  The Long Parliament enacts Legislation depriving Charles I of the powers that he had assumed since his accession, tthe reforms are designed to negate the possibility of Charles ruling absolutely again
1641
Dismissal
Charles I
  Dismisses Henry Vane as Secretary of State, leader of the opposition in Parliament
1641
Legislation
Charles I
  Passes an Act abolishing Star Chamber
1641
Long Parliament
Charles I
  The Long Parliament enacts Legislation depriving Charles I of the powers that he had assumed since his accession, tthe reforms are designed to negate the possibility of Charles ruling absolutely again
  The Long Parliament frees those imprisoned by the Star Chamber
1641
Reform
Charles I
  Commands that the neglected Common Prayer be read throughout England
  Passes an Act abolishing Ship Money
  Passes an Act abolishing Star Chamber
  Passes an Act which abolishes the High Commission
  The Long Parliament enacts Legislation depriving Charles I of the powers that he had assumed since his accession, tthe reforms are designed to negate the possibility of Charles ruling absolutely again
1641
Siege of Newcastle
Charles I
  Scottish Bishops occupy Newcastle & 6 northern counties after the battle of Newburn
1641
Star Chamber
Charles I
  The Long Parliament frees those imprisoned by the Star Chamber
1641
Constitution
Charles I
 Feb 16th Provides for minimum 50 day sessions of Parliament which must be called every 3 yrs
 Feb 16th Signs the Triennial Act, Parliament must meet every 3 yrs
1641
Legislation
Charles I
 Feb 16th Charles I signsTriennial Act, which requires Parliament to meet every three years with or without the King's consent
 Feb 16th Signs the Triennial Act, Parliament must meet every 3 yrs
1641
Reform
Charles I
 Feb 16th Provides for minimum 50 day sessions of Parliament which must be called every 3 yrs
1641
Trial
Charles I
 Mar 22nd Attends the trial of Strafford, his ablest Minister
1641
Parliament
Charles I
 April 6th A resolution compels the King to make no military move without Parliament's consent
1641
Constitution
Charles I
 May The Triennial Act permits Parliament to assemble every 3 yrs without royal initiative
1641
Trial
Charles I
 May 8th Assents to the bill of attainder against Strafford
1641
Execution
Charles I
 May 10th Signs the Act of Attainder against Strafford
1641
Constitution
Charles I
 May 11th Parliament cannot be dissolved against its will
1641
Execution
Charles I
 May 11th Sends the Prince of Wales to the House of Lords to plead mercy for Strafford
 May 12th Strafford is executed for treason
1641
Chamber
Charles I
 July 5th The Long Parliament abolishes the Star Chamber
1641
Court
Charles I
 July 5th The High Court of Charles I is abolished by the Long Parliament
1641
Star Chamber
Charles I
 July 5th The Long Parliament abolishes the Star Chamber
1641
Constitution
Charles I
 Aug Forced to grant the Scottish Parliament stronger controls than Westminster
1641
Economy
Charles I
 Aug 7th Ship Money is abolished by the Long Parliament
1641
Parliament
Charles I
 Aug 7th Ship Money is abolished by the Long Parliament
1641
Taxation
Charles I
 Aug 7th Ship Money is abolished by the Long Parliament
1641
Alliance
Charles I
 Aug 10th Arrives in Scotland to form an Alliance against Parliament
1641
Rebellion
Charles I
 Oct 23rd Irish Catholics rebel against the Puritan Parliament in England
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Oct 28th News of Pym's Grand Remonstrance against the King reaches Charles I
1641
Rebellion
Charles I
 Nov A rebellion breaks out in Ulster
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Nov 22nd The Grand Remonstrance lists over 150 perceived "misdeeds" of Charles' reign including the Church (under the influence of foreign papists) and royal advisers (also "have[ing] engaged themselves to further the interests of some foreign powers")
 Nov 22nd The Irish Rebellion in October 1641 brinngs the control of the army back into the discussions between King and Parliament, led by John Pym, Parliament presents the King with the Grand Remonstrance passed in the Commons by 11 votes (159 - 148)
 Nov 22nd The second half of the Remonstrance proposes solutions to the "misdeeds" including church reform and Parliamentary influence over the appointment of royal ministers
1641
Long Parliament
Charles I
 Nov 22nd The second half of the Remonstrance proposes solutions to the "misdeeds" including church reform and Parliamentary influence over the appointment of royal ministers
 Nov 22nd The Grand Remonstrance lists over 150 perceived "misdeeds" of Charles' reign including the Church (under the influence of foreign papists) and royal advisers (also "have[ing] engaged themselves to further the interests of some foreign powers")
1641
Rebellion
Charles I
 Nov 22nd The Irish Rebellion in October 1641 brinngs the control of the army back into the discussions between King and Parliament, led by John Pym, Parliament presents the King with the Grand Remonstrance passed in the Commons by 11 votes (159 - 148)
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Nov 23rd The Grand Remonstrance is passed in Parliament by 11 votes
 Nov 25th Sir Ralph Hopton presents Charles I with the Grand Remonstrance
1641
Constitution
Charles I
 Nov 27th Charles I must accept the Grand Remonstrance and allow circulation of its copies, a document that outlines the crimes that officials had accused Charles of committing during his reign
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Nov 27th A "grand remonstrance" is carried by Parliament, listing the King's misdeeds
 Nov 27th Charles I must accept the Grand Remonstrance and allow circulation of its copies, a document that outlines the crimes that officials had accused Charles of committing during his reign
1641
Demonstrations
Charles I
 Dec Demonstrations occur against the King, "roundheads" & "cavaliers"
1641
Election
Charles I
 Dec Returns a majority for Parliament in the common council
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Dec The King believes Puritans encouraged by 5 members of the House of Commons, John Pym, John Hampden, Denzil Holles, Arthur Haselrig and William Strode along & Lord Mandeville encouraged the Scots to invade England in the Bishops' Wars
 Dec The King rejects the Grand Remonstrance and refuses to give royal assent to the Militia Bill
 Dec When rumours reached the court that there was a plan to impeach the Queen for alleged involvement in Catholic plots Charles decides to arrest John Pym, John Hampden, Denzil Holles, Arthur Haselrig and William Strode & Lord Maitland for treason
1641
Lieutenant
Charles I
 Dec Appoints Lunsford Lieutenant of the Tower but forced to cancel this by the City
 Dec Forced by the City to appoint John Byron as Lieutenant of the Tower
1641
Long Parliament
Charles I
 Dec Parliament asserts that it wants control over the appointment of the commanders of the Army and Navy in the Militia Ordinance
1641
Grand Remonstrance
Charles I
 Dec 1st Receives a deputation from Parliament delivering the Grand Remonstrance
 Dec 2nd Continues policy of not dealing directly with the Grand Remonstrance
1641
Parliament
Charles I
 Dec 2nd Continues policy of not dealing directly with the Grand Remonstrance
1641
Reform
Charles I
 Dec 2nd Visits Parliament & consents to the Tonnage & Poundage Bill
1641
Rebellion
Charles I
 Dec 12th Enters the House of Lords & demands supplies to protect his subjects
 Dec 12th Enters the Lords & demands supplies to protect subjects who are being defeated
1642
Alliance
Charles I
  Charles' navy defects to Parliament
1642
Constitution
Charles I
  Rejects the 19 Propositions from "raisers of sedition & enemies to my sovereign power"
1642
Defection
Charles I
  Charles' navy defects to Parliament
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
  Sets up a Royal Court, Charles wishes to launch a campaign from the nth & enter London
1642
Propositions 19
Charles I
  Rejects the 19 Propositions from "raisers of sedition & enemies to my sovereign power"
1642
Rebellion
Charles I
  Offers to lead the Protestants but it is believed Charles will support the Catholics
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
  Sets up a Royal Court, Charles wishes to launch a campaign from the nth & enter London
1642
Constitution
Charles I
 Jan With the King absent from London and the war clouds gathering, Parliament decrees that its own Parliamentary Ordinances are valid laws without royal assent
1642
Long Parliament
Charles I
 Jan Without its royalist members, the Long Parliament continues to sit during the Civil War and beyond because of the Dissolution Act
 Jan With the King absent from London and the war clouds gathering, Parliament decrees that its own Parliamentary Ordinances are valid laws without royal assent
1642
Parliament
Charles I
 Jan With the King absent from London and the war clouds gathering, Parliament decrees that its own Parliamentary Ordinances are valid laws without royal assent
1642
Arrest
Charles I
 Jan 4th Enters Parliament to arrest 5 MP's for treason who find refuge in the City of London
 Jan 4th Says of Pym, Holles, Hampden, Haselrig & Strode, "the birds have flown"
1642
Long Parliament
Charles I
 Jan 4th After his failure to capture the five members, and fearing for his family's lives, Charles leaves London for Oxford,most of the royalist members of Parliament left to join him there where they form the Oxford Parliament
1642
Oxford Parliament
Charles I
 Jan 4th After his failure to capture the five members, and fearing for his family's lives, Charles leaves London for Oxford,most of the royalist members of Parliament left to join him there where they form the Oxford Parliament
1642
Safety Royal Familly
Charles I
 Jan 10th The Royal familly move from Whitehall to Hampton Court
 Jan 12th The Royal familly move from Hampton Court to Windsor Castle
1642
Concilliation
Charles I
 Jan 13th Sends a concilliatory message to both Houses of Parliament
 Jan 20th Sends a concilliatory message to both Houses of Parliament
1642
Exile
Charles I
 Feb 7th Announces intention to send his wife & daughter to Holland
1642
Rebellion
Charles I
 Feb 7th Agrees to pardon the 5 MP's
1642
Constitution
Charles I
 Feb 13th Assents to a Bill excluding Bishops from the House of Lords
1642
Reform
Charles I
 Feb 27th Refuses to lose control of the Army to Parliament & vetoes the Militia Bill
1642
Legislation
Charles I
 Mar Signs the Act of March barring bishops from the House of Lords & temporal employment
1642
Reform
Charles I
 Mar Signs the Act of March barring bishops from the House of Lords & temporal employment
 Mar 3rd Parliament passes an Ordinance to control the Army
1642
Commissions of Array
Charles I
 April In response to the Militia Ordinance, Charles revives the Commissions of Array as a means of summoning an army instead
1642
Siege of Hull
Charles I
 April 23rd Hull can be a an important garrison town
 April 23rd Hull can be a strategic port for support from Charles IV of Denmark
 April 23rd Leaves York to visit the Governor of Hull
 April 24th Refused access to the garrison of Hull despite the presence of the Prince of Wales
1642
Reform
Charles I
 May 12th Orders the transfer of the Law Courts to the north of England
 May 17th Parliament declares the King's request to have the Law Courts transferred as illegal
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 May 27th Parliament declares the King is making war after Charles moves the Great Seal to York
1642
Commission
Charles I
 June Issues a Commission of Array to Lord Lieutenants throughout the Kingdom, call to arms
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 June Issues a Commission of Array to Lord Lieutenants throughout the Kingdom, call to arms
1642
Constitution
Charles I
 June 1st The Houses of Parliament agree the 19 Propositions to rule without the King
1642
Propositions 19
Charles I
 June 1st The Houses of Parliament agree the 19 Propositions to rule without the King
1642
Peace
Charles I
 Aug Parliament wants Charles to lower his standard & withdraws accusations of treason
 Aug Suffers a defeat outside Coventry & calls for peace negotiations
1642
Dismissal
Charles I
 Aug 8th Commissioners from Parliament discuss Charles' entry into Hull & he dismisses them
1642
Siege of Hull
Charles I
 Aug 8th Commissioners from Parliament discuss Charles' entry into Hull & he dismisses them
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 Aug 9th Accuses all those in Parliament of being traitors
 Aug 9th Declares war, "for suppressing the present rebellion"
 Aug 22nd Declares war on Parliament, raises the Royal Standard at Nottingham
 Aug 22nd Raises the standard of war at Nottingham Castle, anniversary of the battle of Bosworth
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 Aug 22nd Arrives at Nottingham on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 Sep 6th The Royal Standard blows down & a more modern flag has to be put up in its place
1642
Battle of Newbury
Charles I
 Sep 20th Fights an inconclusive battle then returns to Oxford
 Sep 20th Retreats from Gloucester to Newbury in the face of Essex's advance
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Charles I
 Sep 23rd The Royalists draw 1st blood in the civil war
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Oct Begins to march on London
1642
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
 Oct Oxford is occupied by the Parliamentarians
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 Oct 12th Arrives at Edgecote on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
 Oct 12th Arrives at Shrewsbury on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
 Oct 12th Plans to set up an HQ to recruit the Welsh & Irish
1642
Council of War
Charles I
 Oct 22nd It is decided to capture Banbury the following day & after that to push on to Oxford
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Charles I
 Oct 23rd After the battle Charles sets up his military HQ at Oxford
 Oct 23rd Charles I opens the road to London
 Oct 23rd Charles is forced to keep his HQ at Oxford until the end of the war
 Oct 23rd The battle ends in stalemate, both sides lose about 1,500
1642
Capture of Banbury
Charles I
 Oct 27th The Royalists capture Banbury
1642
Capture of Oxford
Charles I
 Oct 29th Makes Oxford the Royalist HQ
 Oct 29th The Royalists capture Oxford
1642
Capture of Reading
Charles I
 Oct 29th The Royalists capture Reading
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Oct 29th The Royalists prepares to march on London
 Oct 29th Charles gathers an army of 10,000 & support from Prince Rupert of the Rhine
1642
Battle of Turnham Green
Charles I
 Nov Charles I is turned back at Turnham Green on his way to London, forced back to Reading
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov Charles I is turned back at Turnham Green on his way to London, forced back to Reading
1642
Capture of Reading
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of Reading
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov 11th Gives orders to attack Brentford before advancing further on London
1642
Battle of Brentford
Charles I
 Nov 12th Essex is reinforced by 20,000 militia & forces Charles I back to Oxford
1643
Capture of Reading
Charles I
  The Royalist Reading garrison is handed over to the Roundheads
1643
Peace
Charles I
 Jan Rejects proposals drawn up by the Lords & Parliament after the battle of Edgehill
1643
Siege of Gloucester
Charles I
 Sep 6th Fails to capture Gloucester
1643
Rebellion
Charles I
 Sep 15th Signs a truce with the Irish rebels to free his troops for service in England
1644
Capture of Donnington
Charles I
  Captures Donnington Castle north west of Newbury
1644
Invasion of Ireland
Charles I
  Makes peace with the Irish Confederation
  Withdraws his troops from Ireland & recruits Irish reinforcements
1644
Capture of Leicester
Charles I
 June 1st Leicester is sacked by Charles I & Prince Rupert
1644
Battle of Aberdeen
Charles I
 June 19th Montrose expels the Covenentors from Aberdeen
 June 19th The battle of Aberdeen is an engagement in the Scottish Civil War between Royalist & Covenanter forces outside the city of Aberdeen
1644
Parliament
Charles I
 June 22nd Opens his own Parliament in Christ Church Hall
 June 22nd The new Parliament includes 100 members of the Commons & 30 peers
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Charles I
 July 2nd 4,000 Royalists are killed & 1,500 taken prisoner
 July 2nd Royalist defeat near York which loses Charles' stronghold in the nth
1644
Capture of York
Charles I
 July 16th Parliament captures York
1644
Siege of York
Charles I
 July 16th Parliament captures York
1644
Battle of Lostwithiel
Charles I
 Sep 2nd After their victory the Royalists are in a position to march on London
 Sep 2nd The Royalists defeat Essex & capture 8,000 infantry
1644
Siege of London
Charles I
 Sep 2nd After victory at Lostwithiel the Royalists are in a position to march on London
1644
Battle of Banbury
Charles I
 Oct 27th Manages to avoid capture & defeat, returns to Donnington Castle
 Oct 27th The battle is inconclusive & Charles retreats to Oxford
 Oct 27th With 10,000 men faces Cromwell with 22,000
1645
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
  Cromwell prevents Charles joining forces with Prince Maurice & Prince Rupert
1645
Peace
Charles I
 Jan Signs a brief truce but breaks it when he refuses to accede to Parliament's terms
1645
Treaty of Uxbridge
Charles I
 Jan Signs a brief truce but breaks it when he refuses to accede to Parliament's terms
1645
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Charles I
 Mar 26th Charles' final field force is crushed
 Mar 26th Charles I surrenders to the Scots rather than to Parliament
1645
Surrender
Charles I
 Mar 26th Charles I surrenders to the Scots rather than to Parliament
1645
Self Denying Ordinance
Charles I
 April 3rd A modified Self-Denying Ordinance is passed by the Lords.
1645
Alliance
Charles I
 April 27th Leaves to Royalist stronghold of Oxford to negotiate with the Scots
1645
Siege of Leicester
Charles I
 May Charels I captures Leicester waiting for Goring & Gerard to join forces with him
 May Charles I sacks Leicester, followed by his defeat at Naseby
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 May 11th Reaches Droitwich & leaves it 14th May
1645
Siege of Chester
Charles I
 May 14th Reaches Market Drayton & recieves news that Brereton has raised the Siege of Chester
 May 14th Reaches Market Drayton & recieves news that Brereton has raised the Siege of Chester
1645
Council of War
Charles I
 May 19th Charles decides to send Goring sth west while he & Rupert head nth
1645
Capture of Leicester
Charles I
 June 1st With the help of Prince Rupert captures & sacks Leicester
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 June 7th Charles reaches Daventry where he learns that Oxford is no longer under siege
1645
Battle of Naseby
Charles I
 June 13th Stands on high ground on East Farndon over Great Oxendon, 2 miles sth of Harborough
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 June 13th Charles avoids battle by marching from Borough Hill to Belvoit Castle
1645
Battle of Naseby
Charles I
 June 14th Decisive victory for Parliamentary forces
 June 14th The 1st Civil War lingers for another year until capitulation at Oxford 1 year later
1645
Council of War
Charles I
 June 14th Calls a Council of War & decides to fight against Fairfax sth of Market Harborough
1646
Peace
Charles I
  Rejects the Newcastle Proposals to take the Covenant & Parliament control the militia
1646
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Charles I
 Mar 14th All that remains are garrisons in Oxford, Newark, Pendennis, Exeter & Raglan
 Mar 14th Charles writes to his Queen that he has not enough forces to resist or escape
1646
Peace
Charles I
 April 22nd Offers peace to the Independents
 April 22nd Will disband his forces if he can live as a King & have a few friends in service
1646
Arrest
Charles I
 April 27th Leaves Oxford to surrender himself to the Scots at Newark
1646
Escape Charles I
Charles I
 April 27th Departs from Oxford in disguise
1646
Surrender
Charles I
 April 27th Charles's supporters believe he is heading for London but he surrenders to the Scots
 April 27th Slips out of Oxford in disguise
1646
Battle of Newark
Charles I
 May Charles surrenders to the Scots
1646
Surrender
Charles I
 May 5th Surrenders to the Scots at Newark after defeat at Stowe-on-the-Wold
1646
Siege of Newark
Charles I
 May 8th Newark is surrendered to the Scots
1646
Invasion of Scotland
Charles I
 May 31st Montrose receives a letter from Charles I asking him to withdraw from Scotland
1646
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
 June 24th Oxford is surrendered to Parliament, only Pendennis, Raglan & Harlech remain
1646
Siege of Raglan
Charles I
 Aug 19th Raglan is surrendered to Parliament, ends military operations of the 1st civil war
1647
Diplomacy
Charles I
  Offers to repeal all the penal laws if the Vatican assists him to victory
1647
Peace
Charles I
  Offers a seperate peace with the Independents in Parliament but they do not respond
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 Jan 30th Parliament pays a 400,000 ransom to Charles' Scottish captors
1647
Peerage
Charles I
 Mar 14th Makes the Earl of Glamorgan Duke of Somerset
1647
Alliance
Charles I
 April 2nd Sends Montreuil to Newark to prepare the Scots for his reception
1647
Peace
Charles I
 April 2nd The French send Montreuil to Scotland to negotiate peace with the Covenanters
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 April 13th Princess Henrietta is surrendered to Parliament
1647
Surrender
Charles I
 April 13th John Berkley surrenders & ends the war in the west
 April 13th John Berkley surrenders & surrenders Princes Henrietta to Parliament
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 June 4th Taken prisoner by the Army from Holmby House in Northamptonshire
1647
Exile
Charles I
 Nov 11th Hosted by the Governor of Carisbrooke Castle
 Nov 11th Escapes to the Isle of Wight
1647
Alliance
Charles I
 Dec 26th Promises to impose Presbyterianism for 3 yrs to gain Scottish support
 Dec 26th Signs a secret treaty at the Isle of Wight with the Scots
 Dec 26th The Scots promise to restore Charles if he restores Presbyterianism
1647
Rebellion
Charles I
 Dec 26th Parliament renounces its allegiance to the King
1647
Restoration
Charles I
 Dec 26th Promises to impose Presbyterianism for 3 yrs to gain Scottish military support
1648
Diplomacy
Charles I
  Parliament discovers Charles' secret negotiations with Scotland
1648
Parliament
Charles I
 Jan 15th Following his treaty with the Scots Parliament renounces allegiance to Charles I
1648
Treaty of Scotland
Charles I
 Jan 15th Following his treaty with the Scots Parliament renounces allegiance to Charles I
1648
Rump Parliament
Charles I
 Dec In the wake of the ejections from the Long Parliament, the remnant, the Rump Parliament, arranges for the trial and execution of Charles I
1648
Arrest
Charles I
 Dec 1st The Army siezes Charles I
1648
Trial
Charles I
 Dec 13th The "Rump Parliament" of 60 members votes that Charles be brought to trial
 Jan 20th Charles I goes on trial for treason
 Jan 21st Charles I goes on trial, he refuses to plead
 Jan 26th Sentenced to death as a "tyrant, traitor & murderer"
1649
Death
Charles I
 Jan 30th Says to Bishop Juxon, "I go from a corruptible crown to an uncorruptible crown"
 Jan 30th Walks from St James Palace to his execution at Whitehall
1649
Execution
Charles I
 Jan 30th Says to Bishop Juxon, "I go from a corruptible crown to an uncorruptible crown"
 Jan 30th Walks from St James Palace to his execution at Whitehall
1649
Succession
Charles I
 Jan 30th 1st day of the Interregnum, rule without monarchy
 Jan 30th The interregnum lasts until 1660, ended by the accession of Charles I
1649
Burial
Charles I
 Feb 9th Permission was refused for his burial in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey
1668
Triple Alliance
Charles I
 Jan 23rd England, Holland & Sweden ally against France's ambitions in the Spanish Netherlands

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