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Biographies
 Aethelwald
 Ashley-Cooper, Anthony
 Astley, Jacob
 Balfour, Arthur James
 Ballard, Thomas
 Bankes, John
 Bard, Henry
 Batten, William
 Beauchamp, Thomas de
 Bennett, Henry
 Berkley, John
 Bertie, Robert
 Blake, Robert
 Booth, George
 Bradshaw, John
 Brandon, Richard
 Brereton, William
 Brown, John
 Browne, Richard
 Bulstrode, Richard
 Butler, James
 Byron
 Carteret, George
 Cavendish, William
 Charles I
 Charles II
 Compton, Spencer
 Conyers, John
 Crane, Richard
 Crawford, Laurence
 Cromwell, Oliver
 Dean, Richard
 Deane, Richard
 Dering, Edward
 Desborough, John
 Devereux, Robert
 Digby
 Doyley, Charles
 Drummond, John
 Dyve, Lewis
 Eardwulf
 Earl, Thomas de
 Elizabeth I
 Evelyn, John
 Fairfax, Thomas
 Feilding
 Fiennes
 Fleetwood, Charles
 Fraser, Hugh
 Gardiner, Thomas
 Gell, John
 Gerard, Charles
 Gifford, John
 Glamham, Thomas
 Gordon, John
 Goring, Thomas
 Graham, James
 Greene, Thomas
 Hamilton, James
 Hampden, John
 Harrison, Thomas
 Haselrig, Arthur
 Hastings, Henry
 Heath, Robert
 Henrietta Maria
 Heydon, John
 Holles, Denzil
 Home
 Hopton
 Hotham, John
 Huntly, George Gordon
 Hurry, John
 Hyde, Edward
 Ine
 Ireton, Henry
 King
 Lambert, John
 Lambton, William
 Langdale, Marmaduke
 Leslie, Alexander
 Lilburne, John
 Lillburne, John
 Lisle, George
 Lucas, Charles
 Lyndsey
 MacDonald, Alasdair
 Mackworth, Francis
 Maitland
 Massey, Edward
 Maurice
 Meldrum, John
 Middleton, John
 Milton, John
 Monck, George
 Montagu, Edward
 Morgan, Thomas
 Ogilvy
 Okey, John
 Overton, Robert
 Pennington, John
 Penruddock, John
 Petty, Maximillian
 Poyntz, Sydenham
 Pride, Thomas
 Pye, Robert
 Pym, John
 Rainsborough, Thomas
 Raliegh, Walter
 Ramsay, James
 Ramsey, James
 Richard II
 Roe, Alban
 Rollo, William
 Skippon
 Stanley, James
 St John, Oliver
 Strode, William
 Stuart
 Sydney
 Thompson, William
 Trenchard, Thomas
 Trevor
 Trevor of Dungannon
 Vane, Henry
 Verney, Edmund
 Villiers
 Waller, William
 Welsh, Gerard
 Wentworth, Thomas
 Whalley, Edward
 Wildman, John
 Willoughby
 Wilmot, Harry
Places
 Aachen
 Aberdeen
 Adwalton Moor
 Adwinescliffe
 Alford
 Alton
 Andover
 Auldearn
 Banbury
 Basingstoke
 Bath
 Bedford
 Belvoit
 Berwick
 Billington Moor
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 Blandford
 Boldon Hills
 Bolton
 Borough Hill
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 Brentford
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 Bridlington
 Bristol
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 Burghley
 Caithness
 Cambridge
 Carisbrooke
 Carisbrooke
 Cartagena
 Chalgrove Field
 Chartley
 Chelsea Fields
 Cheriton
 Chester
 Clonmel
 Clonmel
 Colchester
 Corbridge
 Corfe Castle
 Cornwall
 Cropredy Bridge
 Dartmouth
 Daventry
 Devizes
 Didcot Bridge
 Donnington
 Doon Hill
 Dorchester
 Dorset
 Droitwiitch
 Dunbar
 Dunbar
 Dundee
 Dungannon
 Edgecote
 Edgehill
 Edinburgh
 Edinburgh
 Endinburgh
 Evesham
 Exeter
 Falmouth
 Faringdon
 Faringdon House
 Farngdon
 Gainsborough
 Glasgow
 Gloucester
 Grantham
 Hague, The
 Hambledon Hill
 Hampton Court
 Harborough
 Haresfield
 Harlaw
 Heyworth Moor
 Highnam
 Hilton
 Holdenby
 Holmby
 Hopton Heath
 Hull
 Huntingdon
 Hurst Castle
 Hurst
 Inverkeithing
 Ireland
 Isle of Wight
 Islip
 Jersey
 Kenilworth
 Keynsham
 Kilsyth
 Kingston
 Kislinbury
 Langport
 Lansdown
 Leeds
 Leicester
 Lichfield
 Lincoln
 London
 Lostwithiel
 Lyme Regis
 Manchester
 Market Drayton
 Marston Moor
 Monmouthshire
 Monmouthsire
 Montrose
 Nantwich
 Naseby
 Newark
 Newark
 Newbury
 Newcastle
 Newcastle
 Newport
 Newport Pagnell
 Northampton
 Nottingham
 Nuneham
 Orkneys
 Oxford
 Penndennis
 Perth
 Philipaugh
 Pontefract
 Portsmouth
 Powick Bridge
 Preston
 Putney
 Raglan
 Reading
 Ripple Field
 River Tweed
 Roundway Dow
 Salisbury
 Scilly Isles
 Seaforth Moor
 Sedan
 Selby
 Sherborne Castle
 Shoreham
 Shrewsbury
 Somerset
 South Shields
 Stafford
 Stapleton
 Stirling
 St Mary's
 Stone
 Stowe
 Stow
 Strath Oykel
 Tadcaster
 Tadcaster
 Taunton
 Tewkesbury
 Thurso
 Tickhill
 Torrington
 Tower Hill
 Tower of London
 Triptow Heath
 Truro
 Turnham Green
 Tyne
 Upton Bridge
 Uxbridge
 Wakefield
 Wallingford Castle
 Waltham Cross
 Warrington
 Warwick
 Winceby
 Winchester
 Windsor Castle
 Windsor
 Winnington Bridge
 Winwick Pass
 Worcester
 Wormleighton
 Wrexham
 York
 York
 Yorkshire

The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

0722
Siege of Taunton
Ine
  Taunton is destroyed by Ine's Queen, Athelburh, in a failed attempt to find Ealdbert
0725
Death
Ine
  Death of Ealdbert, Ine kills Ealdbert & ends the civil war
0761
Battle of Adwinescliffe
Aethelwald
 Aug 9th Defeats Oswin for the throne of Northumbria
0798
Battle of Billington Moor
Eardwulf
 May Defeats supporters of Osbald
1387
Battle of Didcot Bridge
Beauchamp, Thomas de
  Fights at Didcot Bridge against Richard II
1387
Battle of Waltham Cross
Beauchamp, Thomas de
 Nov 14th Fights at Waltham Cross against Richard II
1392
Capture of London
Richard II
  The Mayor & sheriffs are removed, liberties are restored on payment of 10,000
1550
Treaty of Breda
Charles II
 May 1st Agrees to the Covenant in Scotland & to impose Presbyterianism in England
 May 1st Signs the treaty of Breda
 June 23rd Affirms the treaty of Breda agreeing to the Covenant in Scotland
1567
Aid to Mary Queen of Scots
Elizabeth I
 Dec 16th Mary seeks aid from Elizabeth & France
1567
Alliance
Elizabeth I
 Dec 16th Elizabeth supports Mary if France does not intervene
1569
Alliance
Raliegh, Walter
  Fights in support of the Hugenots
1572
Siege of Edinburgh
Elizabeth I
  Sends support to James VI in the siege against the last bastion for Queen Mary
1640
Impeachment
Wentworth, Thomas
 Nov 11th Strafford is impeached
1640
Arrest
Wentworth, Thomas
 Dec Imprisoned in the Tower of London after being impeached by the Long Parliament
1640
Petition
Charles I
 Dec 11th The Root & Branch petition
1641
Impeachment
Wentworth, Thomas
 Jan 30th Strafford's impeachment papers are sent to the Lords
1641
Trial
Charles I
 Mar 22nd Attends the trial of Strafford, his ablest Minister
1641
Trial
Wentworth, Thomas
 Mar 22nd Beginning of Strafford's trial
 Mar 22nd The King's ablest Minister is impeached for treason by the Long Parliament
1641
Trial
Charles I
 May 8th Assents to the bill of attainder against Strafford
1641
Trial
Wentworth, Thomas
 May 8th The Lords pass a bill of attainder against Strafford
1641
Execution
Charles I
 May 11th Sends the Prince of Wales to the House of Lords to plead mercy for Strafford
1641
Death
Evelyn, John
 May 12th Witnesses the execution of Strafford, "the wisest head in England"
1641
Death
Wentworth, Thomas
 May 12th Death of Thomas Wentworth
1641
Execution
Charles I
 May 12th Strafford is executed for treason
1641
Execution
Evelyn, John
 May 12th Witnesses the execution of Strafford, "the wisest head in England"
1641
Execution
Wentworth, Thomas
 May 12th Strafford is executed for treason for trying to use force against Parliament
1642
Alliance
Charles I
  Charles' navy defects to Parliament
1642
Arrest
Gardiner, Thomas
  Imprisoned in the Tower for supporting the levying of ship money
1642
Arrest
Hopton
  Imprisoned in the Tower for opposing Parliament's Ordinance to control of the Army
1642
Capture of Dorset
Earl, Walter
  Earl & Trenchard capture almost all of Dorset for Parliament
1642
Capture of Dorset
Trenchard, Thomas
  Earl & Trenchard capture almost all of Dorset for Parliament
1642
Capture of Pontefract
Cavendish, William
  Captures Pontefract Castle
1642
Commander
Fairfax, Thomas
  Appointed Commander of the Cavalry in Yorkshire
1642
Commander
Montagu, Edward
  Commands a regiment in the army of Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex
1642
Commander
Pennington, John
  Appointed Commander of the Fleet by Charles I
1642
Commander
Wentworth, Thomas
  Appointed Commander of the Royalist Cavalry
1642
Commander
Willoughby
  Appointed Parliamentary Commander in the Field
1642
Commissar
Wilmot, Harry
  Appointed Commissary General of Charles I's forces
1642
Committee Safety
Vane, Henry
  Appointed Member of the Committee of Lords & Commons fo the Safety of the Kingdom
1642
Defection
Charles I
  Charles' navy defects to Parliament
1642
General
Bertie, Robert
  Appointed General-in-Chief of Charles I's forces, only recognised by the infantry
1642
Invasion of Yorkshire
Cavendish, William
  Leads the Royalist invasion of Yorkshire
1642
Ironsides
Cromwell, Oliver
  Combines strict discipline & religious enthusiasm
  Forms the Ironsides Regiment after the Battle of Edgehill
1642
Lord Chief Justice
Heath, Robert
  Appointed Lord Chief Justice by Charles I
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
  Sets up a Royal Court, Charles wishes to launch a campaign from the nth & enter London
1642
Mobilization
Devereux, Robert
  Concentrates his forces in Northampton & raises an army of 20,000
1642
Rear Admiral
Carteret, George
  Appointed Rear-Admiral of the Fleet, a Parliamentarian
1642
Rebellion
Charles I
  Offers to lead the Protestants but it is believed Charles will support the Catholics
1642
Rebellion
Cromwell, Oliver
  Reports in Parliament the dangers of a Papist rising led by the Marquis of Worcester
1642
Sargeant
Astley, Jacob
  Appointed Sargeant-Major-General for the Royalists
1642
Siege of King's Coll
Cromwell, Oliver
  Leads an army into Kings College Cambridge & siezes plate worth 20,000
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
  Sets up a Royal Court, Charles wishes to launch a campaign from the nth & enter London
1642
Siege of Tower of London
Pym, John
  Prevents the King from controlling the Tower by using Parliamentary guards
1642
Parliament
Pym, John
 Jan 1st For reasons of safety Parliament goes into Committee in the Guildhall
1642
Arrest
Charles I
 Jan 4th Enters Parliament to arrest 5 MP's for treason who find refuge in the City of London
 Jan 4th Says of Pym, Holles, Hampden, Haselrig & Strode, "the birds have flown"
1642
Arrest
Hampden, John
 Jan 4th Charles I enters Parliament & says, "the birds have flown"
1642
Arrest
Haselrig, Arthur
 Jan 4th Charles I enters Parliament & says, "the birds have flown"
1642
Arrest
Holles, Denzil
 Jan 4th Charles I enters Parliament & says, "the birds have flown"
1642
Arrest
Pym, John
 Jan 4th Charles I enters Parliament & says, "the birds have flown"
1642
Arrest
Strode, William
 Jan 4th Charles I enters Parliament & says, "the birds have flown"
1642
Committee Safety
Pym, John
 Jan 7th Appointed Member of the Committee of Lords & Commons fo the Safety of the Kingdom
1642
Commander
Skippon
 Jan 10th Appointed Commander of the London Trained Bands by Parliament
1642
Safety Royal Familly
Charles I
 Jan 10th The Royal familly move from Whitehall to Hampton Court
1642
Rebellion
Pym, John
 Jan 11th The 5 Members of Parliament return to Westminster to a heroes' reception
1642
Safety Royal Familly
Charles I
 Jan 12th The Royal familly move from Hampton Court to Windsor Castle
1642
Concilliation
Charles I
 Jan 13th Sends a concilliatory message to both Houses of Parliament
1642
Mobilization
Digby
 Jan 14th Attends a Royalist recruiting muster at Kingston-upon-Thames
1642
Exile
Digby
 Jan 15th Forced into exile to Holland to avoid arrest by Parliament
1642
Concilliation
Charles I
 Jan 20th Sends a concilliatory message to both Houses of Parliament
1642
Execution
Greene, Thomas
 Jan 21st 1st in a series of executions of Catholic priests takes place
1642
Execution
Roe, Alban
 Jan 21st 1st in a series of executions of Catholic priests takes place
1642
Capture of Hull
Hotham, John
 Jan 31st Captues Hull for Parliament
1642
Mobilization
Holles, Denzil
 Feb 1st Sent by the Commons to gain the support of the Lords to control the militia
1642
Exile
Charles I
 Feb 7th Announces intention to send his wife & daughter to Holland
1642
Rebellion
Charles I
 Feb 7th Agrees to pardon the 5 MP's
1642
Arrest
Dering, Edward
 Feb 10th Released from the Tower of London
1642
Exile
Henrietta Maria
 Feb 23rd Sets sail for Holland with the Crown Jewels as a pledge for munitions
1642
Militia
Devereux, Robert
 Mar 5th The Militia Ordinance is passed by Parliament giving Parliament control of the local militia called Trained Bands
1642
Trained Bands
Devereux, Robert
 Mar 5th The Militia Ordinance is passed by Parliament giving Parliament control of the local militia called Trained Bands
1642
Commissions of Array
Charles I
 April In response to the Militia Ordinance, Charles revives the Commissions of Array as a means of summoning an army instead
1642
Battle of Seaforth Moor
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 2nd Fairfax loses 1000 of his infantry at Seacroft and describes this as his worst ever defeat, with only a few cavalry reaching the safety of his father's main army at Leeds
1642
Siege of Hull
Charles I
 April 23rd Hull can be a an important garrison town
 April 23rd Hull can be a strategic port for support from Charles IV of Denmark
 April 23rd Leaves York to visit the Governor of Hull
 April 24th Refused access to the garrison of Hull despite the presence of the Prince of Wales
1642
Siege of Hull
Hotham, John
 April 29th Refuses Charles I access to Hull & its arsenal
1642
Siege of Corfe Castle
Earl, Walter
 May 1st Commence the siege of Corfe Castle but fails to capture it
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 May 27th Parliament declares the King is making war after Charles moves the Great Seal to York
1642
Commission
Charles I
 June Issues a Commission of Array to Lord Lieutenants throughout the Kingdom, call to arms
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 June Issues a Commission of Array to Lord Lieutenants throughout the Kingdom, call to arms
1642
Petition
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 3rd Delivers a petition at Heyworth Moor to the King asking him to return to Westminster
1642
Cambridge Volunteers
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 15th Moves in Parliament he be authorized to raise two companies of volunteers in Cambridge
1642
Impeachment
Stanley, James
 July 15th Later impeached for killing the 1st man in the Civil War
1642
Siege of Manchester
Stanley, James
 July 15th Later impeached for killing the 1st man in the Civil War
 July 15th Leads a force into Manchester but driven out
1642
Peace
Charles I
 Aug Parliament wants Charles to lower his standard & withdraws accusations of treason
 Aug Suffers a defeat outside Coventry & calls for peace negotiations
1642
Dismissal
Charles I
 Aug 8th Commissioners from Parliament discuss Charles' entry into Hull & he dismisses them
1642
Siege of Hull
Charles I
 Aug 8th Commissioners from Parliament discuss Charles' entry into Hull & he dismisses them
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 Aug 9th Accuses all those in Parliament of being traitors
 Aug 9th Declares war, "for suppressing the present rebellion"
1642
Mobilization
Skippon
 Aug 10th Joined by the leading Members of Parliament
 Aug 10th Reviews the City of London Regiments in Finsbury Fields
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 Aug 22nd Declares war on Parliament, raises the Royal Standard at Nottingham
 Aug 22nd Raises the standard of war at Nottingham Castle, anniversary of the battle of Bosworth
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 Aug 22nd Arrives at Nottingham on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
1642
Captain
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 28th Appointed Captain of a troop of horse he musters at Huntingdon
1642
Quartermaster
Desborough, John
 Aug 28th Appointed Quartermaster to Oiliver Cromwell, his brother-in-law
1642
Siege of Worcester
Devereux, Robert
 Sep Essex occupis Worcester as Charles I is unable to send reinforcements to Prince Rupert
1642
Declaration of War
Charles I
 Sep 6th The Royal Standard blows down & a more modern flag has to be put up in its place
1642
Capture of Portsmouth
Goring, Thomas
 Sep 7th Goring surrenders Portsmouth to Waller
1642
Capture of Portsmouth
Waller, William
 Sep 7th Goring surrenders Portsmouth to Waller
1642
Capture of Oxford
Byron
 Sep 10th Byron surrenders Oxford to Parliament
1642
Dismissal
Byron
 Sep 11th Dismissed as Lieutenant of the Tower of London
1642
Lieutenant
Conyers, John
 Sep 11th Appointed Lieutenant of the Tower of London
1642
Battle of Newbury, 1st
Charles I
 Sep 20th Fights an inconclusive battle then returns to Oxford
 Sep 20th Retreats from Gloucester to Newbury in the face of Essex's advance
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Brown, John
 Sep 23rd Routed by a Royalist force led by Prince Rupert
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Byron
 Sep 23rd Joins forces with Prince Rupert
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Charles I
 Sep 23rd The Royalists draw 1st blood in the civil war
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Crane, Richard
 Sep 23rd Knighted by Charles I for his service at Powick Bridge
1642
Battle of Powick Bridge
Digby
 Sep 23rd Helps Prince Rupert route a Parliamentary force heading for Worcester
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Oct Begins to march on London
1642
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
 Oct Oxford is occupied by the Parliamentarians
1642
Mobilization
Charles I
 Oct 12th Arrives at Edgecote on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
 Oct 12th Arrives at Shrewsbury on the way to London, prior to the battle of Edgehill
 Oct 12th Plans to set up an HQ to recruit the Welsh & Irish
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Bertie, Robert
 Oct 22nd Resigns because Lord Forth devises the plan for the battle at Edgeghill
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Devereux, Robert
 Oct 22nd Royalists & Parliamentarians encounter each other before the battle of Edgehill
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Digby
 Oct 22nd Comands a Regiment for Parliament
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Feilding
 Oct 22nd Commands a regiment for the Royalists
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Lucas, Charles
 Oct 22nd Commands 200 Royalist horse
1642
Council War
Charles I
 Oct 22nd It is decided to capture Banbury the following day & after that to push on to Oxford
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Astley, Jacob
 Oct 23rd Commands the Royalist foot soldiers
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Balfour, Arthur James
 Oct 23rd Commands some the Parliamentary horse & helps take the Royalist standard
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Bertie, Robert
 Oct 23rd Resigns as General-in-Chief because Lord Forth plans the battle of Edgeghill
 Oct 23rd Taken prisoner by the Parliamentarians
 Oct 23rd Killed at the battle of Edgehill
 Oct 23rd Serves as a volunteer at the head of his own infantry regiment
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Bulstrode, Richard
 Oct 23rd Serves in an infantry regiment for the Royalists
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Byron
 Oct 23rd Commands the Royalist cavalry reserve
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Charles I
 Oct 23rd After the Battle Charles sets up his military HQ at Oxford
 Oct 23rd Charles I opens the road to London
 Oct 23rd Charles is forced to keep his HQ at Oxford until the end of the war
 Oct 23rd The battle ends in stalemate, both sides lose about 1,500
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Charles II
 Oct 23rd Commands a regiment as the Prince of Wales, charging in the front line
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Cromwell, Oliver
 Oct 23rd Captain of troop of horse at the Battle of Edgehill
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Devereux, Robert
 Oct 23rd 1st major conflict of the civil war, fought between Essex & Charles I
 Oct 23rd Both sides claim victory & Charles I rejects Parliament's overtures for peace
 Oct 23rd Essex's scouts see the Royalist army 3 miles south of the Edgehill escarpment
 Oct 23rd Essex withdraws to Warwick, the road to London is still open to Charles
 Oct 23rd Holds the field at Edge Hill for the Parliamentarians
 Oct 23rd The battle ends in deadlock
 Oct 23rd Essex withdraws to Warwick, the road to London is still open to Charles
 Oct 23rd The Parliamentary forces withdraw to Warwick after the battle of Edgehill
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Hampden, John
 Oct 23rd Arrives late in the day to support Essex
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Heydon, John
 Oct 23rd Commands the cannon for Parliament
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Ramsay, James
 Oct 23rd Commands detachments of dragoons for Parliament
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Verney, Edmund
 Oct 23rd Royalist standard bearer, killed in battle
1642
Battle of Edgehill
Wilmot, Harry
 Oct 23rd Commands 5 Royalist regiments of horse
1642
Capture of Edgehill
Balfour, Arthur James
 Oct 23rd Commands some the Parliamentary horse & helps take the Royalist standard
1642
Death
Bertie, Robert
 Oct 23rd Death of Robert Bertie, killed during the battle of Edgehill
1642
Resignation
Bertie, Robert
 Oct 23rd Resigns as General-in-Chief because Lord Forth plans the battle of Edgeghill
1642
Capture of Banbury
Charles I
 Oct 27th The Royalists capture Banbury
1642
Capture of Oxford
Charles I
 Oct 29th Makes Oxford the Royalist HQ
 Oct 29th The Royalists capture Oxford
1642
Capture of Reading
Charles I
 Oct 29th The Royalists capture Reading
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Oct 29th The Royalists prepares to march on London
 Oct 29th Charles gathers an army of 10,000 & support from Prince Rupert of the Rhine
1642
Battle of Turnham Green
Charles I
 Nov Charles I is turned back at Turnham Green on his way to London, forced back to Reading
1642
Battle of Turnham Green
Devereux, Robert
 Nov Charles is turned back at Turnham Green
1642
Battle of Turnham Green
Ramsey, James
 Nov Helps turn back Charles I from his advance on London
1642
Capture of Brentford
Devereux, Robert
 Nov Recaptures Brentford after Charles I retreats to Reading
1642
Capture of Turnham Green
Devereux, Robert
 Nov Charles is turned back at Turnham Green
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov Charles I is turned back at Turnham Green on his way to London, forced back to Reading
1642
Capture of Reading
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of Reading
Charles I
 Nov 4th Reaches Reading while Essex is at Woburn in Bedfordshire
1642
Siege of London
Charles I
 Nov 11th Gives orders to attack Brentford before advancing further on London
1642
Battle of Brentford
Charles I
 Nov 12th Essex is reinforced by 20,000 militia & forces Charles I back to Oxford
1642
Battle of Brentford
Devereux, Robert
 Nov 12th Rupert attacks Brentford & defeats Parliament's forces under Holles, Essex & Brooke
1642
Battle of Brentford
Holles, Denzil
 Nov 12th Rupert attacks Brentford & defeats Parliament's forces under Holles, Essex & Brooke
1642
Siege of Brentford
Devereux, Robert
 Nov 12th Rupert attacks Brentford & defeats Parliament's forces under Holles, Essex & Brooke
1642
Battle of Brentford
Devereux, Robert
 Nov 13th The Roundheads leave London & muster at Chelsea Fields after their defeat at Brentford
1642
Mobilization
Skippon
 Nov 13th Raises a force of 24,000 London Trained Bands to face the King
1642
Siege of London
Devereux, Robert
 Nov 13th The Roundheads leave London & muster at Chelsea Fields after their defeat at Brentford
1642
Battle of Banbury
Compton, Spencer
 Dec 22nd Attacked in Banbury by the parliamentary forces on December 22, but relieved by Prince Rupert of the Rhine the next day
1643
Brave Dame Mary
Bankes, Mary
  During the English Civil War, the castle twice came under siege by Parliamentarian forces, Sir John Bankes is away from his estate attending to Charles I so defence of the castle is led by his wife Lady Mary Bankes - "Brave Dame Mary"
1643
Budget
Pym, John
  Leads Parliament in taking control of taxation & in raising an unprecedented exise tax
1643
Capture of Gainsborough
Cavendish, William
  Moves from the nth to threaten the eastern counties & captures Gainsborough
1643
Capture of Gloucester
Devereux, Robert
  Relieves Gloucester for the Parliamentarians
1643
Capture of Gloucester
Massey, Edward
  The Governor of Gloucester hands it over to Waller
1643
Capture of Gloucester
Waller, William
  The Governor of Gloucester hands it over to Waller
1643
Capture of Lincoln
Montagu, Edward
  Lincoln surrenders with a considerable supply of arms
1643
Capture of London
Fairfax, Thomas
  Captures Leads for the Parliamentarians
1643
Capture of Reading
Charles I
  The Royalist Reading garrison is handed over to the Roundheads
1643
Capture of Tewkesbury
Maurice
  Helps capture Tewkesury
1643
Capture of Tewkesbury
Villiers
  Helps capture Tewkesury
1643
Commander
Cavendish, William
  Appointed Commander of the Royalist forces North of the Tyne
1643
Commander
Montagu, Edward
  Appointed Major-General of the parliamentary forces in the eastern counties (the Eastern Association), with Cromwell as his second in command
1643
County Associations
Cromwell, Oliver
  Counties are inefficient for managing armies so County Associations are formed
1643
Diplomacy
Pym, John
  Invites the Scots Commissioners to London & agrees an Alliance
1643
General
Montagu, Edward
  Appointed General for the Eastern Midlands & the Associated Counties
1643
Invasion of
Waller, William
  Advances into Monmouthshire
1643
Major
Waller, William
  Appointed Major General
1643
Major General
Montagu, Edward
  Appointed Major-General of the parliamentary forces in the eastern counties (the Eastern Association), with Cromwell as his second in command
1643
Peace
Pennington, Isaac
  In the King's reply to the peace petition the London Mayor is accused of treason
1643
Peerage
Byron
  Created Baron Byron
1643
Reform
Cromwell, Oliver
  Counties are inefficient for managing armies so County Associations are formed
1643
Siege of Bristol
Blake, Robert
  Takes part in the defense of Bristol
1643
Siege of Corfe Castle
Bankes, John
  Corfe Castle survives a 6 week Parliamentarian siege
1643
Siege of Corfe Castle
Bankes, Mary
  During the English Civil War, the castle twice came under siege by Parliamentarian forces, Sir John Bankes is away from his estate attending to Charles I so defence of the castle is led by his wife Lady Mary Bankes - "Brave Dame Mary"
  The first siege, in 1643, lasts for six weeks before the Parliamentarians withdraw with the loss of 100 men
1643
Siege of Gainsborough
Cavendish, Charles
  Defeated by Cromwell & killed in battle
1643
Siege of Hull
Cavendish, William
  Raises the Siege of Hull on behalf of the Royalists
1643
Siege of Hull
Meldrum, John
  Relieves Hull for the Parliamentarians
1643
Siege of London
Pennington, Isaac
  The King is not strong enough to capture the City of London
1643
Siege of Lyme Regis
Blake, Robert
  Takes part in the defense of Lyme Regis
1643
Peace
Charles I
 Jan Rejects proposals drawn up by the Lords & Parliament after the battle of Edgehill
1643
Siege of York
Cavendish, William
 Jan Withdraws the Royalists from Wakefield & Pontefract & gathers them at York
1643
Peace
Pym, John
 Jan 13th The King's reply to the peace petition is read dismisivly in the Guildhall
1643
Capture of Leeds
Fairfax, Thomas
 Jan 23rd Captures Leads for the Parliamentarians
1643
Siege of Bridlington
Batten, William
 Feb 23rd Despite the attenrions of Batten the Queen lands at Bridlington Quay
1643
Siege of Newark
Ballard, Thomas
 Feb 28th Fails in an attempt to capture Newark from the Royalists
1643
Siege of Newark
Gell, John
 Feb 28th Leads a Derbyshire contingent in a failed Roundhead attempt to capture Newark
1643
Capture of Bristol
Waller, William
 Mar Sets up his HQ in Bristol
1643
Siege of Lichfield
Compton, Spencer
 Mar Marches from Banbury to relieve Lichfield, and having failed there proceeds to Stafford, which he occupies
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Compton, Spencer
 Mar 18th Joins forces with General Hastings prior to the battle of Hopton Heath
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Hastings, Henry
 Mar 18th Joins forces with the Earl of Northampton prior to the battle of Hopton Heath
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Brereton, William
 Mar 19th Defeated by a Royalist force under the Earl of Northampton & General Henry Hastings
 Mar 19th Forced to retreat to Stone then back to Cheshire
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Byron, Thomas
 Mar 19th Leads a charge against the Roundheads after Northampton is killed
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Compton, Spencer
 Mar 19th Accompanied by three of his sons, marches out with his troops Compton engages Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet and Sir William Brereton at Hopton Heath
 Mar 19th Defeats the Roundheads under John Gell & William Brereton but killed in battle
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Gell, John
 Mar 19th Forced to retreat to Chartley & then to Uttoxeter
 Mar 19th Defeated by a Royalist force under the Earl of Northampton & General Henry Hastings
1643
Battle of Hopton Heath
Hastings, Henry
 Mar 19th Helps defeat the Roundheads under John Gell & William Brereton
1643
Death
Compton, Spencer
 Mar 19th Death of Spencer Compton, killed at the battle of Hopton Heath
1643
Battle of Highnam
Waller, William
 Mar 23rd Routs the Royalist force of Lord Herbert
1643
Capture of Reading
Devereux, Robert
 April Captures Reading for the Parliamentarians & prevents Charles I from reaching London
1643
Capture of Reading
Feilding, Richard
 April Surrenders Reading to the Parliamentarians under Essex
1643
Capture of Tewkesbury
Massey, Edward
 April 12th Capures Tewkesbury for Parliament
1643
Capture of Upton Bridge
Maurice
 April 12th Captures Upton Bridge to maintain his communications with Oxford across the Severn
1643
Battle of Ripple Field
Massey, Edward
 April 13th Driven back by Prince Maurice to Tewkesbury
1643
Battle of Ripple Field
Maurice
 April 13th Drives Waller & Massey back to Tewkebury
1643
Battle of Ripple Field
Waller, William
 April 13th Driven back by Prince Maurice to Tewkesbury
1643
Battle of Grantham
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 13th 1st victory for Cromwell & the Eastern association
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 21st Captures Wakefield for the Parliamentarians
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Fairfax, William
 May 21st Helps command the Parliamentary foot as Thomas Fairfax captures Wakefield
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Gifford, John
 May 21st Helps command the Parliamentary foot as Thomas Fairfax captures Wakefield
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Goring, Thomas
 May 21st Senior Royalist Commander at Wakefield when it is capturd by Thomas Fairfax
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Lambton, William
 May 21st Comes to the aid of the Royalist garrison but it is captured by Thomas Fairfax
1643
Capture of Wakefield
Mackworth, Francis
 May 21st Senior Royalist Commander at Wakefield when it is capturd by Thomas Fairfax
1643
Battle of Chalgrove Field
Hampden, John
 June 18th Defeated & killed by Royalists
1643
Battle of Adwalton Moor
Cavendish, William
 June 30th After the battle of Adwalton Moor the royalists occupy the West Riding of Yorkshire
 June 30th Defeats a Parliamentary force under Lord Fairfax
 June 30th The Parliamentary forces are driven back to Hull
1643
Battle of Adwalton Moor
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 30th After the battle of Adwalton Moor the royalists occupy the West Riding of Yorkshire
 June 30th Defeated by the Royalists near Bradford
 June 30th The Parliamentary forces are driven back to Hull
1643
Capture of Bath
Waller, William
 July Forced to evacuate Bath after being defeated by the Royalists at Lansdown
1643
Battle of Lansdown
Waller, William
 July 5th Defeated by the Royalists under Hopton
1643
Battle of Roundway Down
Waller, William
 July 13th Defeat by the Royalists under the Earl of Rochester
 July 13th Defeated by the Royalists under Lord Wilmot
1643
Capture of York
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 16th Helps capture York for the Parliamentarians
1643
Siege of Burghley
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 24th Leads a successful siege in Northamptonshire against the Countess of Essex
1643
Battle of Gainsborough
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 28th Wins a victory over Royalist forces
1643
Army
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 10th Parliament issues instructions for the impressment of 22,000 in London & the east
1643
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 10th Parliament issues instructions for the impressment of 22,000 in London & the east
1643
Capture of Bristol
Wentworth, Thomas
 Aug 26th Breaks through at Brandon Hill followed by the surrender of Bristol to the Royalists
1643
National Covenant
Pym, John
 Sep The price of the Alliance is a National Covenant & Solemn League signed by Pym
1643
Solemn League
Pym, John
 Sep The price of the Alliance is a National Covenant & Solemn League signed by Pym
1643
Treaty of Covenanters
Pym, John
 Sep The price of the Alliance is a National Covenant & Solemn League signed by Pym
1643
Siege of Gloucester
Charles I
 Sep 6th Fails to capture Gloucester
1643
Peace
Butler, James
 Sep 15th Agrees a truce with the Confederate Irish on behalf of the King
1643
Rebellion
Charles I
 Sep 15th Signs a truce with the Irish rebels to free his troops for service in England
1643
Battle of Newbury
Devereux, Robert
 Sep 18th Defeats a Royalist force & is able to move on to Reading
 Sep 18th Devereux defeats a Royalist force at Newburn & is able to move on to Reading
1643
Siege of Reading
Devereux, Robert
 Sep 18th Devereux defeats a Royalist force at Newburn & is able to move on to Reading
1643
Battle of Newbury, 1st
Byron
 Sep 20th Fights for the defeated Royalists
1643
Alliance
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 25th Parliament promises to protect Scottish Presbyterianism
1643
Capture of Newport Pagnell
Dyve, Lewis
 Oct 6th Captures Newport Pagnell for the Royalists
1643
Battle of Winceby
Fairfax, Thomas
 Oct 10th Combines with Cromwell & Manchester to check the Governor of Newark
1643
Battle of Winceby
Montagu, Edward
 Oct 10th Cromwell's cavalry proves very effective
 Oct 10th Defeats the Royalists under Sir John Henderson near Newark
1643
Capture of Newcastle
Fairfax, Thomas
 Oct 16th Helps capture Newcastle for the Parliamentarians
1643
Siege of Newport
Dyve, Lewis
 Oct 27th Evacuates Newport Pagnell in the false belief that supplies are not coming from Oxford
 Oct 27th The Royalist hold on London is lost
1643
Capture of Wrexham
Brereton, William
 Nov 9th Captures Wrexham, Royalists are intercepted returning from Ireland after the truce
1643
Treaty of Covenanters
Pym, John
 Nov 29th The Scots are authorized by Parliament to raise an Army at Parliament's expense
1643
Death
Pym, John
 Dec 9th Death of John Pym
 Dec 18th Allows the rise of the Independent Party
 Dec 18th Death of John Pym
 Dec 18th The only man in politics who has some control over the Scots
1644
Alliance
Cromwell, Oliver
  Helps form an Alliance between Scotland & Parliament
1644
Alliance
Holles, Denzil
  Appointed to to co-ordinate the war with between Parliamentary & Scotish Allies
1644
Alliance
St John, Oliver
  Helps form an Alliance between Parliament & Scotland
1644
Alliance
Vane, Henry
  Helps form an Alliance between Parliament & Scotland
1644
Arrest
Monck, George
  Captured at Nantwich & held captive in the Tower, 1644-1646
  Captured at Nantwich & held captive in the Tower, 1644-1646
1644
Battle of Andover
Bennett, Henry
  Fights for the Royalists
1644
Battle of Cheriton
Waller, William
  Prevents the advance of Royalists under Sir Ralph Hopton
1644
Battle of Cropredy Bridge
Charles II
  Fights at the battle of Cropredy Bridge
1644
Both Kingdoms
Cromwell, Oliver
  Appointed Member of the Committee of Both Kingdoms
1644
Both Kingdoms
Holles, Denzil
  Appointed Member of the Committee of Both Kingdoms
1644
Both Kingdoms
St John, Oliver
  Appointed Member of the Committee of Both Kingdoms
1644
Both Kingdoms
Vane, Henry
  Appointed Member of the Committee of Both Kingdoms
1644
Capture of Donnington
Charles I
  Captures Donnington Castle north west of Newbury
1644
Capture of Tickhill
Lillburne, John
  Captures Tickill Castle for Parliament, against orders
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
  Takes part in the siege of Newcastle
  Leads a Scottish army across the River Tweed to support Parliament
1644
Committee Both Kingdoms
Montagu, Edward
  Appointed a member of the Committee of Both Kingdoms
1644
Council of Advisers
Charles II
  Given a Council of Advisers including Sir Edward Hyde, Sir Arthur Capel & Lord Hopton
1644
Defection
Ashley-Cooper, Anthony
  Joins the Parliamentarians
1644
Exile
Cavendish, William
  Goes into exile after defeat at Marston Moor & loss of the nrth to Parliament
1644
Exile
Henrietta Maria
  Forced into exile, 1644-60, due to her unpopularity & Catholicism
1644
General
Charles II
  Appointed Commander, under the control of Sir Edward Hyde
  Appointed General of the Western Association & Generlissimo of the King's forces
1644
Independents
Cromwell, Oliver
  Appointed Leader of the Independents
1644
Invasion of Ireland
Charles I
  Makes peace with the Irish Confederation
  Withdraws his troops from Ireland & recruits Irish reinforcements
1644
Lord Lieutenant
Butler, James
  Appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland by Charles I, replaces the Earl of Leicester
1644
Lord Lieutenant
Sydney
  Appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland by the Oxford Parliament
1644
Mobilization
Montagu, Edward
  Joins up with Waller & Essex & forms a force of 18,000 outnumbering the King's by 2:1
1644
Peerage
Astley, Jacob
  Created Baron Astley
1644
Reform
Cromwell, Oliver
  Leads an Army sect demanding religious toleration & prosecution of criminals
1644
Second in Command
Cromwell, Oliver
  Appointed 2nd-in-Command of the Parliamentary Army
1644
Siege of Alton
Waller, William
  Captures Alton for the Parliamentarians
1644
Siege of Taunton
Blake, Robert
  Takes & holds Taunton for 2 years for the Parliamentary forces
1644
Surrender
Devereux, Robert
  Forced to surrender his army in Cornwall
1644
Death
Bankes, John
  12th Death of John Bankes, Royalist supporter & owner of Corfe Castle
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Jan 1st The Covenanter Army gathers at Harlaw, Berwickshire, 18,000 foot & 3,000 horse
 Jan 19th The Covenanter Army crosses the border at Berwick
1644
Battle of Nantwich
Brereton, William
 Jan 25th Joins forces with Fairfax & helps defeat Royalists led by Lord Byron
1644
Battle of Nantwich
Byron
 Jan 25th Forced to retreat to Chester
 Jan 25th Byron's infantry join the Parliamentarians
 Jan 25th Defeated by Fairfax
1644
Battle of Nantwich
Fairfax, Thomas
 Jan 25th Defeats Irish Royalists & local troops who have laid siege to Nantwich
1644
Battle of Nantwich
Monck, George
 Jan 25th Captured by the Parliamentarians then imprisoned in London for 2 yrs
1644
Lieutenant
Cromwell, Oliver
 Feb 5th Signs the Covenant enabling him to take up the position of Lieutenant Colonel
1644
Battle of Corbridge
Cavendish, William
 Feb 19th The Covenanters are defeated by the Royalist horse under Newcastle at Corbridge
1644
Capture of Aberdeen
Huntly, George Gordon
 Mar Captures Aberdeen from the Covenantors
1644
Battle of Boldon Hills
Cavendish, William
 Mar 8th Covenanters under Leven get the better of Royalists under Newcastle outside Sunderland
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Mar 15th The Covenanters fail in their attempt to capture the Royalist Fort at South Shields
1644
Siege of Aberdeen
Gordon, John
 Mar 19th Leads a siege of Aberdeen & captures some leading Covenanters
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Mar 20th The Covenanters succeed in their attempt to capture the Royalist Fort at South Shields
1644
Siege of Newark
Meldrum, John
 Mar 24th Surrenders Parliamentary forces to Rupert of the Rhine & retreats to Hull
1644
Battle of Hilton
Cavendish, William
 Mar 25th Covenanters under Leven & Royalists under Newcastle clash but the result is indecisive
1644
Civil War England
MacDonald, Alasdair
 April Arrives at the Highlands with 1,100 Irish to join up with Montrose's Royalist army
1644
Civil War England
Rollo, William
 April Assists Montrose's invasion of Scotland for the Royalists
1644
Exile
Henrietta Maria
 April Leaves her husband for the safety of the West Country, never sees him again
1644
Battle of Selby
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 11th Defeats the Royalists under Lord Bellasis & captures Selby
 April 11th Lord Newcastle's Royalist force of 5,000 is trapped in York
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 April 20th The Covenanters & Parliament join forces at Tadcaster
1644
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 20th The Covenanters & Parliament join forces at Tadcaster
1644
Capture of Montrose
Huntly, George Gordon
 April 21st Captures most of Montrose for the Royalists
1644
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 April 22nd The Covenanters & Parliament raise the siege & threaten to destroy Newcastle's army
 April 22nd Jons the Parliamentarians under Fairfax at York
1644
Siege of York
Cavendish, William
 April 22nd Covenanters & Parliament raise the siege of York to destroy Devonshire's army
1644
Siege of York
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 22nd Begins the siege where Newcastle is stranded with 5,000 men but is relieved by Rupert
1644
Battle of Faringdon
Goring, Thomas
 May 2nd Defeats Cromwell but is kept in check by him
1644
Siege of Lincoln
Montagu, Edward
 May 6th Captures Lincoln
1644
Siege of York
Montagu, Edward
 May 6th Gathers together a force of 27,000 outside York
1644
Mobilization
Goring, Thomas
 May 8th Charles I's Cavalry Leader accompanies his King on his way from Oxford
1644
Siege of Bolton
Stanley, James
 May 28th 1st of the Cavaliers to enter then take Bolton
1644
Mobilization
Goring, Thomas
 May 30th Joins forces with Prince Rupert
1644
Capture of Leicester
Charles I
 June 1st Leicester is sacked by Charles I & Prince Rupert
1644
Battle of Aberdeen
Charles I
 June 19th Montrose expels the Covenentors from Aberdeen
 June 19th The battle of Aberdeen is an engagement in the Scottish Civil War between Royalist & Covenanter forces outside the city of Aberdeen
1644
Parliament
Charles I
 June 22nd Opens his own Parliament in Christ Church Hall
 June 22nd The new Parliament includes 100 members of the Commons & 30 peers
1644
Battle of Cropredy Bridge
Waller, William
 June 29th Defeated by Charles I near Bandbury
1644
Exile
Henrietta Maria
 July Sails from Falmouth to Brest
1644
Peerage
Trevor
 July Created Viscount Dungannon after the battle of Marston Moor
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Cavendish, William
 July 1st Reluctant to fight at all but persuades Rupert to postpone the battle 1 day
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Montagu, Edward
 July 1st Arrives at Marston Moor, 6 miles west of York on the Knaresborough Rd
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Byron
 July 2nd Commands the Royalist Horse
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Cavendish, William
 July 2nd Commands the Royalist "whitecoats" but only 30 survive
 July 2nd Totally defeated Newcastle departs for Hamburg
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Charles I
 July 2nd 4,000 Royalists are killed & 1,500 taken prisoner
 July 2nd Royalist defeat near York which loses Charles' stronghold in the nth
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Crawford, Laurence
 July 2nd Fights at Marston Moor on the side of the English Parliament
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Crawford, Lawrence
 July 2nd Commands Manchester's Foot & for a time takes charge of Cromwell's cavalry
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 2nd Cromwell's first major victory, personally commands 2,500 men
 July 2nd Defeats the Royalists near York, leaving 4,000 dead & taking 1,500 prisoners
 July 2nd Sweeps away Goring's horse by attacking the Royalists from the rear
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 2nd A gathering of eager national forces within a few square miles of ground naturally led to a battle, and Marston Moor proves decisive for the struggle in the north
 July 2nd Commands the right suffering heavy losses from Goring
 July 2nd Cromwell relieves Fairfax & Parliament is victorious
 July 2nd Fairfax's horse meets Goring's 1st line & charges them successfully
 July 2nd The city of York is taken after the battle of Marston Moor, and nearly the whole of the north submits to the Parliament
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Fairfax, Charles
 July 2nd Colonel Charles Fairfax is killed in action at the battle of Marston Moor
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Fiennes
 July 2nd Fights for Parliament
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Fraser, Hugh
 July 2nd Commands the Scottish dragoons on the side of the English Parliament
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Goring, Thomas
 July 2nd Commands the Royalist horse on the left flank
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
King
 July 2nd Fights for the Royalists at Marston Moor, on the losing side
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Lucas, Charles
 July 2nd As a 2nd to Goring commands some of the Royalist cavalry, taken prisoner by the Scots
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Montagu, Edward
 July 2nd Commands a Parliamentary regiment at the battle of Marston Moor
1644
Battle of Marston Moor
Trevor of Dungannon
 July 2nd Commands a regiment under Lord Byron
 July 2nd Stabs Cromwell in the neck & is made Viscount Dungannon
1644
Death
Fairfax, Charles
 July 2nd Colonel Charles Fairfax is killed in action at the battle of Marston Moor
1644
Rebellion
Waller, William
 July 2nd Writes complaining of the rebellion of the City Brigades
1644
Siege of York
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 2nd The city of York is taken after the battle of Marston Moor, and nearly the whole of the north submits to the Parliament
1644
Siege of York
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 4th Resumes the siege of York after victory at Marston Moor
1644
Siege of York
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 4th Resumes the siege of York after victory at Marston Moor
1644
Rebellion
Browne, Richard
 July 7th Wounded by his own men
1644
Capture of York
Charles I
 July 16th Parliament captures York
1644
Capture of York
Cromwell, Oliver
 July 16th Leads the "Ironsides" & captures York
1644
Siege of York
Charles I
 July 16th Parliament captures York
1644
Battle of Lostwithiel
Charles I
 Sep 2nd After their victory the Royalists are in a position to march on London
 Sep 2nd The Royalists defeat Essex & capture 8,000 infantry
1644
Battle of Lostwithiel
Devereux, Robert
 Sep 2nd Charles I captures 8,000 of Devereux's infantry
 Sep 2nd Charles I marches westwards from Oxford & intercepts Devereux
 Sep 2nd Defeated by Royalists 30 miles west of Plymouth
1644
Battle of Lostwithiel
Skippon
 Sep 2nd Defeated by Royalists 30 miles west of Plymouth, saves most of the cavalry
1644
Siege of London
Charles I
 Sep 2nd After victory at Lostwithiel the Royalists are in a position to march on London
1644
Mobilization
Montagu, Edward
 Sep 27th Fills the gap left by William Waller who is supporting Essex in Cornwall
1644
Capture of Newcastle
Cromwell, Oliver
 Oct 16th Commander of the "Ironsides" during Parliament's capture of Newcastle
1644
Battle of Newbury, 2nd
Astley, Jacob
 Oct 26th Commander for the Royalists at the 2nd battle of Newbury
1644
Battle of Newbury, 2nd
Charles II
 Oct 26th Fights at the battle of Newbury
1644
Battle of Banbury
Cavendish, William
 Oct 27th Charles I is able to retreat safely to Donnington Castle & to join Rupert in Oxford
 Oct 27th Fails to join forces with Waller
1644
Battle of Banbury
Charles I
 Oct 27th Manages to avoid capture & defeat, returns to Donnington Castle
 Oct 27th The battle is inconclusive & Charles retreats to Oxford
 Oct 27th With 10,000 men faces Cromwell with 22,000
1644
Council War
Cavendish, William
 Nov 10th "if we beat the King 99 x he would be King still, if he beat us we should be hanged"
1644
Council War
Cromwell, Oliver
 Nov 10th Advises a military defeat of the King after Manchester fails to persue him in battle
1645
Captain
Fairfax, Thomas
  Appointed Captain-General of the New Model Army
1645
Captain
Poyntz, Sydenham
  Appointed Captain General of the Parliamentary forces
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
  Captures Edinburgh after the battle of Kilsyth
  Captures Glasgow after the battle of Kilsyth
1645
Civil War England
MacDonald, Alasdair
  Knighted by Montrose after the Battle of Kilsyth
1645
Dismissal
Waller, William
  Relieved of command by the Self-Denying Ordinance
1645
Independents
Cromwell, Oliver
  Leads the Independents, a sect demanding religious toleration & prosecution of the war
1645
Levellers, The
Lilburne, John
  John Lilburne is imprisoned for denouncing Members of Parliament who lived in comfort while the common soldiers fought and died for the Parliamentary cause
1645
Military Adviser
Digby
  Appointed Military advisor to Charles I
1645
New Model Army
Cromwell, Oliver
  Modeled after Cromwell's Ironsides
  Persuades Parliament to adopt a new militia, maintained by impressment & taxation
  The Committee of Both Kingdoms recommends a new army of 22,000 run by Parliament
  The New Model Army is created by Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax
1645
New Model Army
Fairfax, Thomas
  Becomes the 1st Commander of the New Model Army
  Organised into 12 infantry & 11 cavalry regiments & 1 dragoon regiment
1645
Resignation
Devereux, Robert
  Resigns as Commander of the Parliamentary Army after defeat in Cornwall
1645
Siege of Chester
Brereton, William
  Conducts the succesful siege of Chester on behalf of Parliament
1645
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
  Cromwell prevents Charles joining forces with Prince Maurice & Prince Rupert
1645
Siege of Oxford
Cromwell, Oliver
  Besieges Oxford to prevent Charles I joining up with Prince Maurice & Prince Rupert
1645
Siege of Corfe Castle
Ashley-Cooper, Anthony
  12th Ordered to besiege Corfe Castle, the only Royalist stronghold between Exeter & London
1645
Peace
Charles I
 Jan Signs a brief truce but breaks it when he refuses to accede to Parliament's terms
1645
Treaty of Uxbridge
Charles I
 Jan Signs a brief truce but breaks it when he refuses to accede to Parliament's terms
1645
Lieutenant
Cromwell, Oliver
 Jan 22nd Appointed 2nd-in-Command for Manchester
 Jan 22nd Appointed Lieutenant-General of the Horse & Foot
1645
Commander
Goring, Thomas
 Mar 11th Goring gets a commission as commander-in-chief of all western forces and so can only receive orders directly from the King
1645
Siege of Taunton
Goring, Thomas
 Mar 11th Goring's men lay siege to Taunton
1645
Surrender
Cromwell, Oliver
 Mar 14th Sir Ralph Hopton signs articles of surrender at Exeter
 Mar 14th The Royalists are defeated in the West, only Oxford remains as a serious threat
1645
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Charles I
 Mar 26th Charles' final field force is crushed
 Mar 26th Charles I surrenders to the Scots rather than to Parliament
1645
Surrender
Charles I
 Mar 26th Charles I surrenders to the Scots rather than to Parliament
1645
Resignation
Montagu, Edward
 April Anticipating the Self-denying Ordinance, Manchester resigned his command
1645
2nd in Command
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 3rd Appointed 2nd-in-Command of the New Model Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax
1645
Dismissal
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 3rd Removes the existing Generals
1645
Lieutenant
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 3rd Fairfax succeeds Essex as Captain-General & Cromwell becomes Lt General
1645
Self Denying Ordinance
Charles I
 April 3rd A modified Self-Denying Ordinance is passed by the Lords.
1645
Self Denying Ordinance
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 3rd All MPs except Cromwell must relinquish military commissions within 40 days
 April 3rd Creates a New Model Army becoming 2nd-in-Command under Sir Thomas Fairfax
 April 3rd Removes the existing Generals
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
 April 4th Captures Dundee
1645
Battle of Islip
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 24th Cromwell defeats Northumberland at Islip
1645
Alliance
Charles I
 April 27th Leaves to Royalist stronghold of Oxford to negotiate with the Scots
1645
Battle of Faringdon House
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 29th Cromwell is repulsed at Faringdon House
1645
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 30th Marches out from Windsor prior to the Battle of Naseby
1645
Siege of Leicester
Charles I
 May Charels I captures Leicester waiting for Goring & Gerard to join forces with him
 May Charles I sacks Leicester, followed by his defeat at Naseby
1645
Battle of Faringdon
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 2nd Defeated in battle by the Earl of Norwich, George Goring
1645
Battle of Faringdon
Goring, Thomas
 May 2nd Defeats Cromwell but is kept in check by him
1645
Battle of Farngdon
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 2nd Defeated by Goring during a minor skirmish
1645
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 7th Reaches Blandford & detaches 6 regiments for the relief of Taunton
1645
Siege of Oxford
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 7th Charles I & Goring evade Cromwell's forces & manage to leave Oxford
1645
Civil War England
Hurry, John
 May 9th Hurry is defeated & 2,000 to 3,000 Covenanters perish in the battle
 May 9th Hurry tries to surprise Montose but is trapped by MacDonald & defeated by Montrose
1645
Civil War England
MacDonald, Alasdair
 May 9th Hurry tries to surprise Montose but is trapped by MacDonald & defeated by Montrose
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 May 11th Reaches Droitwich & leaves it 14th May
1645
Siege of Chester
Charles I
 May 14th Reaches Market Drayton & recieves news that Brereton has raised the siege of Chester
 May 14th Reaches Market Drayton & recieves news that Brereton has raised the siege of Chester
1645
Council War
Charles I
 May 19th Charles decides to send Goring sth west while he & Rupert head nth
1645
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 19th Advances to Kenilworth but orderred to retreat by the Parliamentary Committee
 May 19th Joins forces with Fairfax at Nuneham near Oxford
1645
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 19th Arrives at Nuneham near Oxford & is joined by Cromwell
1645
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 22nd Obeys Parliament & joins up with Fairfax in Oxford
1645
Siege of Oxford
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 22nd Siege of Oxford by Fairfax and the New Model Army
1645
Siege of Leicester
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 30th Rupert captures and ransacks Leicester in an attempt to draw Fairfax away from Oxford.
1645
Siege of Oxford
Fairfax, Thomas
 May 30th Rupert captures and ransacks Leicester in an attempt to draw Fairfax away from Oxford.
1645
Battle of Preston
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 31st The 1st battle over which Cromwell has independent command
 May 31st Wins victory over the Scots under Hamilton
1645
Battle of Worcester
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 31st Royalist victory, diverts Fairfax from Oxford, Charles then proceeds safely to Oxford
1645
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 31st Arrives in Cambridge to gather 3,000 horse & reinforce the Eastern Association
1645
Capture of Leicester
Charles I
 June 1st With the help of Prince Rupert captures & sacks Leicester
1645
Capture of Leicester
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 5th After Royalists take Leicester Fairfax is ordered nth
1645
Siege of Oxford
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 5th Marches to Newport Pagnell on his way to besiege Oxford
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 June 7th Charles reaches Daventry where he learns that Oxford is no longer under siege
1645
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 7th Fairfax arrives at Newport Pagnell where is joined by Vermuyden & his 2,500 horse
1645
Commander
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 10th The Commons approves Cromwell's appointment as 2nd in Command of the New Model Army
1645
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 11th Intent on joining up with Fairfax to expel Charles I from the Midlands
1645
Battle of Borough Hill
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 12th Initial contact between Fairfax and the King's army at Borough Hill
1645
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 12th Cromwell joins forces with Fairfax & Parliament has an Army of more than 13,000 men
1645
Mobilization
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 12th Cromwell joins forces with Fairfax & Parliament has an Army of more than 13,000 men
 June 12th Fairfax arrives 12 miles from where Charles is at Daventry to the latter's surprise
1645
Battle of Naseby
Charles I
 June 13th Stands on high ground on East Farndon over Great Oxendon, 2 miles sth of Harborough
1645
Capture of Gainsborough
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 13th Leads his main force into Gainsborough while his main scouts enter Naseby
1645
Mobilization
Charles I
 June 13th Charles avoids battle by marching from Borough Hill to Belvoit Castle
1645
Mobilization
Ireton, Henry
 June 13th Leads a cavalry at the Battle of Naseby against the Royalists
1645
Battle of Naseby
Astley, Bernard
 June 14th Commands a brigade of the Royalist Army
1645
Battle of Naseby
Astley, Jacob
 June 14th Commands the infantry of the Royalist Army
1645
Battle of Naseby
Bard, Henry
 June 14th Commands a brigade of the Royalist Army
1645
Battle of Naseby
Charles I
 June 14th Decisive victory for Parliamentary forces
 June 14th The 1st Civil War lingers for another year until capitulation at Oxford 1 year later
1645
Battle of Naseby
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 14th Advises Fairfax to occupy high ground & tempt a Royalist charge across the marshes
 June 14th Commands the cavalry to the right of centre
 June 14th Contributes to Charles' downfall & the ascendancy of Cromwell & the independents
 June 14th Parliamentary victory, Charles has 7,500 men & Parliamentary forces number 13,500
1645
Battle of Naseby
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 14th A decisive victory over the royalists
 June 14th Leaves Guilsborough in the early hours & by sunrise the Army is ready on Naseby Bridge
 June 14th With Cromwell's help defeats Charles' force of 7,500
1645
Battle of Naseby
Gerard, Charles
 June 14th Commands a Royalist Army, Charles I is defeated
1645
Battle of Naseby
Goring, Thomas
 June 14th Commands a Royalist Army, Charles I is defeated
1645
Battle of Naseby
Hopton
 June 14th Commands a Royalist Army, Charles I is defeated
1645
Battle of Naseby
Ireton, Henry
 June 14th Fights at the battle of Naseby for Parliament against Charles I
1645
Battle of Naseby
Langdale, Marmaduke
 June 14th Commands the right wing of the Royalist cavalry
1645
Battle of Naseby
Lisle, George
 June 14th Commands a brigade of the Royalist Army
1645
Battle of Naseby
Okey, John
 June 14th Commands the Dragoons of the Parliamentary Army during a victory against the Royalists
1645
Battle of Naseby
Pride, Thomas
 June 14th Commands a Parliamentary regiment in a victory over the Royalists
1645
Battle of Naseby
Skippon, John
 June 14th Commands the infantry centre of the Parliamentary Army during their victory
1645
Battle of Naseby
Stuart
 June 14th Commands the King's Horseguards of the Royalist Army
1645
Council War
Charles I
 June 14th Calls a Council of War & decides to fight against Fairfax sth of Market Harborough
1645
Siege of Oxford
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 15th Establishes an HQ in Holton to prepare for the siege of Oxford
1645
Battle of Naseby
Doyley, Charles
 June 16th Commands the Lifeguard for Parliament against the Royalists
1645
Battle of Naseby
Skippon
 June 16th Commands a Regiment for Parliament against the Royalists
1645
Battle of Naseby
Welsh, Gerard
 June 16th Commands levies for the Royalists against Parliament
1645
Battle of Naseby
Whalley, Edward
 June 16th Commands a regiment for Parliament against the Royalists
1645
Capture of Leicester
Fairfax, Thomas
 June 18th Fairfax takes back Leicester
1645
Siege of Oxford
Cromwell, Oliver
 June 20th The garrison in Oxford surrenders to Cromwell
1645
Civil War England
Drummond, John
 July 2nd Helps defeat a Covenant & anti-Royalist Armt led by Baille
1645
Civil War England
Gordon, George
 July 2nd Helps defeat a Covenant & anti-Royalist Armt led by Baille
 July 2nd Helps defeat a Covenant & anti-Royalist Army led by Baille but is killed in battle
1645
Civil War England
Gordon, Nathaniel
 July 2nd Helps defeat a Covenant & anti-Royalist Armt led by Baille
1645
Civil War England
Lyndsey
 July 2nd Fights for Covenanters & anti-Royalists who are defeated by Royalists led by Montrose
1645
Capture of Dorchester
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 3rd Fairfax meets the Clubmen of Dorset and Wiltshire at Dorchester
1645
Battle of Langport
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 10th Fairfax boldly attacks Goring's strong defences at the battle of Langport
1645
Battle of Langport
Goring, Thomas
 July 10th Fairfax boldly attacks Goring's strong defences at the battle of Langport
 July 10th Suffers a defeat by Fairfax & Cromwell
1645
Capture of Bridgewater
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 23rd Fairfax takes Bridgwater
1645
Siege of Bridgwater
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 23rd Fairfax takes Bridgwater
1645
Capture of Bath
Okey, John
 July 30th Captures Bath from the Royalists
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Aug In 11 months Montrose has defeated a superior army 6 times & become master in Scotland
 Aug Leads 4,400 infantry & 500 cavalry against 6,000 infantry & 800 horse
 Aug Leads a force against the Covenantors
 Aug The Covenanter Army has been destroyed
1645
Battle of Hambledon Hill
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 4th Cromwell routs Dorsetshire clubmen at Hambledon Hill
1645
Capture of Sherborne Castle
Fairfax, Thomas
 Aug 14th Fairfax assaults and captures Sherborne Castle
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Aug 14th Decides to engage the Covenanters, the Royalists & Covenanters are just 3 miles apart
1645
Siege of Sherborne Castle
Fairfax, Thomas
 Aug 14th Fairfax assaults and captures Sherborne Castle
1645
Civil War England
Gordon, Nathaniel
 Aug 15th Helps the Royalists under Montrose defeat the Covenanters under Baille
1645
Civil War England
MacDonald, Alasdair
 Aug 15th Helps the Royalists defeat the Covenanters
1645
Civil War England
Ogilvy
 Aug 15th Helps the Royalists under Montrose defeat the Covenanters under Baille
1645
Siege of Bristol
Fairfax, Thomas
 Aug 23rd Siege of Bristol by Fairfax begins
1645
Siege of Bristol
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep Present at Keynsham during Parliament's siege of Bristol
 Sep Present at Stapleton at Fairfax's HQ during Parliament's siege of Bristol
1645
Battle of Bristol
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 10th Defeats Prince Rupert & captures Bristol
 Sep 10th Prince Rupert is forced to return to Oxford, his forces intact
1645
Capture of Bristol
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 10th Defeats Prince Rupert & captures Bristol
1645
Capture of Bristol
Fairfax, Thomas
 Sep 10th Prince Rupert surrenders Bristol to Parliament under Fairfax
1645
Siege of Bristol
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 10th Commands Parliament's action around Prior's Hill fort
 Sep 10th Defeats Prince Rupert & captures Bristol
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Sep 13th Montrose's Army is destroyed, he spends the following winter building it up again
1645
Civil War England
Home
 Sep 13th Captured in battle during the defeat of the Royalists
1645
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Sep 13th Defeats the Royalist Army of Montrose
1645
Battle of Devizes
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 25th Cromwell captures Devizes
1645
Battle of Winchester
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 28th Cromwell captures Winchester
1645
Battle of Basingstoke
Cromwell, Oliver
 Oct 13th Defeats the Marquise of Winchester
 Oct 13th Secures the last major obstacle between London & the West Country
1645
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Oct 20th Opens a Parliament
1646
Capture of Dartmouth
Fairfax, Thomas
  Captures Dartmouth
  Discovers letters from the Queen enlisting French support
1646
Death
Devereux, Robert
  Death of the Earl of Essex
1646
Levellers, The
Lilburne, John
  It was the campaigns to free Lilburne from prison which spawned the movement known as the LevellersGraves arrived at the mouth of the Chesapeake early on 5 September to see de Grasse's fleet at anchor in the bay
  Lilburne is imprisoned again, this time in the Tower of London, for denouncing his former army commander the Earl of Manchester as a Royalist sympathiser, because he had protected an officer who had been charged with treason
1646
Peace
Charles I
  Rejects the Newcastle Proposals to take the Covenant & Parliament control the militia
1646
Peace
Ireton, Henry
  Receives Charles I's peace offer to the Independents & communicates it to Cromwell
1646
Resignation
Devereux, Robert
  Devereux resigns
1646
Siege of Corfe Castle
Ashley-Cooper, Anthony
  After its capture, the castle is slighted (destroyed) with some explosives mainly by "undermining" to ensure that it could never stand again as a Royalist stronghold
  The second siege, in 1646, is resisted for two months before the castle is betrayed by a member of the garrison
1646
Siege of Corfe Castle
Bankes, Mary
  After its capture, the castle is slighted (destroyed) with some explosives mainly by "undermining" to ensure that it could never stand again as a Royalist stronghold
  The second siege, in 1646, is resisted for two months before the castle is betrayed by a member of the garrison
1646
Capture of Chester
Brereton, William
 Feb 3rd Captures Chester from Lord Byron
1646
Battle of Warrington
Hopton
 Feb 15th Defeated by Cromwell in the final battle of the campaign
1646
Exile
Charles II
 Feb 17th After Cromwell's victory at Torrington Charles retreats to Penndennis Castle
1646
Surrender
Astley, Jacob
 Mar Surrenders the last Royalist Army to William Brereton
1646
Exile
Charles II
 Mar 2nd Boarded on the Phoenix at Lands End & headed for the Scilly Isles
 Mar 4th Lands at St Mary's in the Scilly Isles exactly one year since leaving Oxford
1646
Surrender
Hopton
 Mar 9th Parliamentarians approach Truro & Hopton sends out an offer to negotiate peace
1646
Surrender
Fairfax, Thomas
 Mar 13th Hopton agrees surrender terms to Fairfax as Truro is captured from the Royalists
1646
Surrender
Hopton
 Mar 13th Signs the Articles of Surrender at Exeter on behalf of the Royalists
1646
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Charles I
 Mar 14th All that remains are garrisons in Oxford, Newark, Pendennis, Exeter & Raglan
 Mar 14th Charles writes to his Queen that he has not enough forces to resist or escape
1646
Surrender
Hopton
 Mar 14th Hopton agrees to disband his forces & go abroad
1646
Exile
Charles II
 April 16th Sets sail for Jersey from the Scilly Isles on the Proud Black Eagle
1646
Peace
Charles I
 April 22nd Offers peace to the Independents
 April 22nd Will disband his forces if he can live as a King & have a few friends in service
1646
Peace
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 25th Announces the King's peace offer to the Independents who refuse to respond
1646
Arrest
Charles I
 April 27th Leaves Oxford to surrender himself to the Scots at Newark
1646
Escape Charles I
Charles I
 April 27th Departs from Oxford in disguise
1646
Surrender
Charles I
 April 27th Charles's supporters believe he is heading for London but he surrenders to the Scots
 April 27th Slips out of Oxford in disguise
1646
Escape Charles I
Cromwell, Oliver
 April 29th The escape of the King from Oxford is announced in Parliament
1646
Battle of Newark
Charles I
 May Charles surrenders to the Scots
1646
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 May Accepts the surrender of Charles I at Newark
1646
Surrender
Charles I
 May 5th Surrenders to the Scots at Newark after defeat at Stowe-on-the-Wold
1646
Surrender
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 6th The surrender of the King to the Scots in Newark is announced in Parliament
1646
Siege of Newark
Charles I
 May 8th Newark is surrendered to the Scots
1646
Civil War England
Graham, James
 May 31st Asked by Charles to leave Scotland because Charles has joined the Covenanters
1646
Invasion of Scotland
Charles I
 May 31st Montrose receives a letter from Charles I asking him to withdraw from Scotland
1646
Siege of Oxford
Charles I
 June 24th Oxford is surrendered to Parliament, only Pendennis, Raglan & Harlech remain
1646
Siege of Oxford
Glamham, Thomas
 June 24th Surrenders Oxford to Parliament
1646
Exile
Charles II
 June 25th Sets sail for France to join his Mother Henrietta Maria
1646
Battle of Langport
Fairfax, Thomas
 July 10th Commands the New Model Army to victory over Goring, a final blow to the Royalist cause
1646
Levellers, The
Overton, Richard
 Aug Richard Overton is arrested for publishing a pamphlet attacking the House of Lords, during his imprisonment, he wrote an influential Leveller manifesto, "An Arrow Against All Tyrants and Tyranny"
 Aug The soldiers in the New Model Army elected "Agitators" from each regiment to represent them, the Agitators were recognised by the Army's commanders and had a seat on the General Council
1646
Siege of Raglan
Charles I
 Aug 19th Raglan is surrendered to Parliament, ends military operations of the 1st civil war
1646
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Sep Sails for Norway
1646
Siege of Oxford
Fairfax, Thomas
 Sep Oxford capitulates following the final siege of Oxford, and by the end of September 1646 Charles had neither army nor garrison in England, following the surrender of Thomas Blagge at Wallingford Castle after a siege conducted by Fairfax
1646
Siege of Wallingford Castle
Fairfax, Thomas
 Sep Oxford capitulates following the final siege of Oxford, and by the end of September 1646 Charles had neither army nor garrison in England, following the surrender of Thomas Blagge at Wallingford Castle after a siege conducted by Fairfax
1647
Arrest
Cromwell, Oliver
  Orders the abduction of Charles II at Holmby
1647
Battle of Marston Moor
Lambert, John
  Leads the Parliament's cavalry
1647
Civil War England
Maitland
  Supports Charles I
  Confers with Charles I & gains the Engagement from him
1647
Commander
Lambert, John
  Appointed Commander of the Army of the North for Parliament
1647
Constitution
Lilburne, John
  A radical group within the New Model Army, the Levellers, calls for Constitutional reform
1647
Diplomacy
Charles I
  Offers to repeal all the penal laws if the Vatican assists him to victory
1647
Exile
Holles
  Takes up exile in France
1647
Impeachment
Holles
  Impeached by the Parliamentary Army
1647
Levellers, The
Lilburne, John
  A radical group within the New Model Army, the Levellers, calls for Constitutional reform
  The Levellers, a political movement during the English Civil Wars which emphasised popular sovereignty, extended suffrage, equality before the law, and religious tolerance, all of which were expressed in the manifesto "Agreement of the People"
1647
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
  Flees Parliament & joins an Army with 100 members of the House of Commons
1647
Peace
Charles I
  Offers a seperate peace with the Independents in Parliament but they do not respond
1647
Reform
Lilburne, John
  The Levellers call fo a full franchise under a Republican Government
1647
Arrest
Fairfax, Thomas
 Jan Charles I is deliverred by the Scots to the commissioners of parliament, Fairfax meets the King beyond Nottingham, and accompanies him during the journey to Holdenby
1647
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Jan Turns Charles I over to Parliament
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 Jan 30th Parliament pays a 400,000 ransom to Charles' Scottish captors
1647
Capture of Torrington
Fairfax, Thomas
 Feb 16th Captures Torrington from the Royalists
1647
Peace
Hopton
 Mar 9th Driven back to Truro, Hopton offers peace terms with the Parliamentary forces
1647
Treaty of Peace
Fairfax, Thomas
 Mar 13th Signs a peace treaty with Lord Ralph Hopton who agrees to disband his forces
1647
Treaty of Peace
Hopton
 Mar 13th Signs a peace treaty with Fairfax in Truro
1647
Peerage
Charles I
 Mar 14th Makes the Earl of Glamorgan Duke of Somerset
1647
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Astley, Jacob
 Mar 20th Astley takes up a defensive position on a hillside below Stow-on-the-Wold
 Mar 21st Astley is forced to surrender himself to the Parliamentarians
 Mar 21st Attempts to transfer forces from Wales to Oxford but is defeated by Morgan & Brereton
1647
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Brereton, William
 Mar 21st Intercepts Lord Astley & stops him marching from Wales to join Charles I in Oxford
1647
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Lucas, Charles
 Mar 21st Taken prisoner during the royalist defeat
1647
Battle of Stow on the Wold
Morgan, Thomas
 Mar 21st Intercepts Lord Astley & stops him marching from Wales to join Charles I in Oxford
1647
Alliance
Charles I
 April 2nd Sends Montreuil to Newark to prepare the Scots for his reception
1647
Peace
Charles I
 April 2nd The French send Montreuil to Scotland to negotiate peace with the Covenanters
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 April 13th Princess Henrietta is surrendered to Parliament
1647
Arrest
Henrietta Maria
 April 13th Princess Henrietta is surrendered to Parliament
1647
Capture of Exeter
Fairfax, Thomas
 April 13th Captures the garrison ar Exeter & Princess Henrietta becomes a prisoner of Parliament
1647
Surrender
Berkley, John
 April 13th Surrenders at Exeter, Fairfax declares that the Western War is over
1647
Surrender
Charles I
 April 13th John Berkley surrenders & ends the war in the west
 April 13th John Berkley surrenders & surrenders Princes Henrietta to Parliament
1647
Arrest
Charles I
 June 4th Taken prisoner by the Army from Holmby House in Northamptonshire
1647
Siege of London
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 6th Enters London with an Army & forces Parliament to take him & the other MPs back
1647
Levellers, The
Fairfax, Thomas
 Oct 18th At least five regiments of Cavalry had elected new unofficial agitators and produced a pamphlet called "The Case of the Army truly stated" which is presented to the commander-in-chief, Sir Thomas Fairfax
 Oct 18th The Levelllers demand a dissolution of Parliament within a year and substantial changes to the Constitution of future parliaments, which were to be regulated by an unalterable "law paramount"
 Oct 28th Senior officers in the Army (nicknamed "Grandees") were incensed by the "Case of the Army" and ordered the unofficial Agitators to give an account of their principles before the General Council of the Army, known as the Putney Debates
1647
Putney Debates
Fairfax, Thomas
 Oct 28th Senior officers in the Army (nicknamed "Grandees") were incensed by the "Case of the Army" and ordered the unofficial Agitators to give an account of their principles before the General Council of the Army, known as the Putney Debates
1647
Putney Debates
Petty, Maximillian
 Oct 28th The Agitators are assisted by some civilians, notably John Wildman and Maximillian Petty, who had been connected to the Army as civilian advisers
1647
Putney Debates
Wildman, John
 Oct 28th The Agitators are assisted by some civilians, notably John Wildman and Maximillian Petty, who had been connected to the Army as civilian advisers
1647
Exile
Charles I
 Nov 11th Hosted by the Governor of Carisbrooke Castle
 Nov 11th Escapes to the Isle of Wight
1647
Alliance
Charles I
 Dec 26th Promises to impose Presbyterianism for 3 yrs to gain Scottish support
 Dec 26th Signs a secret Treaty at the Isle of Wight with the Scots
 Dec 26th The Scots promise to restore Charles if he restores Presbyterianism
1647
Rebellion
Charles I
 Dec 26th Parliament renounces its allegiance to the King
1647
Restoration
Charles I
 Dec 26th Promises to impose Presbyterianism for 3 yrs to gain Scottish military support
1648
Levellers, The
Rainsborough, Thomas
  Thomas Rainsborough is killed, he was a Member of Parliament and also a Leveller leader who had spoken at the Putney Debates, his funeral was the occasion for a large Leveller-led demonstration in London
1648
Siege of Colchester
Fairfax, Thomas
  Fairfax leads the successful siege of Colchester, after the surrender of which he approves the execution of the Royalist leaders' Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, holding that these officers had broken their parole
1648
Siege of Colchester
Lisle, George
  Fairfax leads the successful siege of Colchester, after the surrender of which he approves the execution of the Royalist leaders' Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, holding that these officers had broken their parole
1648
Siege of Colchester
Lucas, Charles
  Fairfax leads the successful siege of Colchester, after the surrender of which he approves the execution of the Royalist leaders' Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, holding that these officers had broken their parole
1648
Parliament
Charles I
 Jan 15th Following his treaty with the Scots Parliament renounces allegiance to Charles I
1648
Treaty of Scotland
Charles I
 Jan 15th Following his treaty with the Scots Parliament renounces allegiance to Charles I
1648
Battle of Preston
Lambert, John
 Aug 17th As a cavalry Commander serving under Cromwell defeats the Scottish-Royalists
1648
Battle of Preston
Dean, Richard
 Aug 19th The Scots are driven off by a charge of pikemen under Colonels Thomas Pride and Richard Dean
1648
Battle of Preston
Milton, John
 Aug 19th A small tributary of the Ribble, causes the poet John Milton later to write of "Darwen's stream with blood of Scots imbued"
1648
Battle of Preston
Pride, Thomas
 Aug 19th The Scots are driven off by a charge of pikemen under Colonels Thomas Pride and Richard Dean
1648
Battle of Winwick Pass
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 19th Fighting in the fields outside the town of Preston, the English Parliamentarian forces of Oliver Cromwell inflict a major reverse on the Anglo-Scottish Royalist army of the Duke of Hamilton
1648
Rump Parliament
Charles I
 Dec In the wake of the ejections from the Long Parliament, the remnant, the Rump Parliament, arranges for the trial and execution of Charles I
1648
Rump Parliament
Cromwell, Oliver
 Dec In the wake of the ejections from the Long Parliament, the remnant, the Rump Parliament, arranges for the trial and execution of Charles I
1648
Arrest
Charles I
 Dec 1st The Army siezes Charles I
1648
Long Parliament
Cromwell, Oliver
 Dec 6th Divisions emerge culminating in Pride's Purge when, under the orders of Oliver Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, Colonel Pride physically bars about half of the members of Parliament from taking their seats
1648
Long Parliament
Ireton, Henry
 Dec 6th Divisions emerge culminating in Pride's Purge when, under the orders of Oliver Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, Colonel Pride physically bars about half of the members of Parliament from taking their seats
1648
Parliament
Fairfax, Thomas
 Dec 6th Attempts to form a provisional Government around the Independent Members of Parliament
 Dec 6th Opposes Colonel Thomas Pride's purge of Parliament
1648
Pride's Purge
Cromwell, Oliver
 Dec 6th Divisions emerge culminating in Pride's Purge when, under the orders of Oliver Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, Colonel Pride physically bars about half of the members of Parliament from taking their seats
1648
Pride's Purge
Ireton, Henry
 Dec 6th Divisions emerge culminating in Pride's Purge when, under the orders of Oliver Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, Colonel Pride physically bars about half of the members of Parliament from taking their seats
1648
Treaty of Newport
Ireton, Henry
 Dec 6th Asks Pride to exclude from Parliament those who had voted for the Newport treaty
1648
Trial
Charles I
 Dec 13th The "Rump Parliament" of 60 members votes that Charles be brought to trial
1649
Banbury Mutineers
Thompson, William
  Cromwell attacked the "Banbury mutineers", 400 troopers who supported the Levellers and who were commanded by Captain William Thompson
1649
Commander
Blake, Robert
  Appointed Commander of the Fleet
1649
Death
Pride, Thomas
  Signs Charles I's death warrant
1649
Execution
Pride, Thomas
  Signs Charles I's death warrant
1649
Levellers, The
Thompson, William
  Cromwell attacked the "Banbury mutineers", 400 troopers who supported the Levellers and who were commanded by Captain William Thompson
1649
Rump Parliament
Cromwell, Oliver
  The Rump Parliament is responsible for the setting up of the Commonwealth of England
1649
Trial
Bradshaw, John
  Presides over the Trial of Charles I & pronounces the death sentence
1649
Trial
Fairfax, Thomas
 Jan 1st Parliament passes an Ordinance setting up a High Court of Justice to try Charles I
1649
Trial
Charles I
 Jan 20th Charles I goes on trial for treason
 Jan 21st Charles I goes on trial, he refuses to plead
 Jan 26th Sentenced to death as a "tyrant, traitor & murderer"
1649
Death
Charles II
 Jan 30th Death of Charles I
1649
Execution
Brandon, Richard
 Jan 30th Executes Charles I
1649
Execution
Charles II
 Jan 30th Charles II is proclaimed King in Scotland
 Jan 30th Executed in front of the Whitehall Banqueting House
1649
Civil War England
Hamilton, James
 Mar 6th Condemned to death
1649
Levellers, The
Fairfax, Thomas
 May Puts down the Leveller mutiny
1649
Rebellion
Fairfax, Thomas
 May Puts down the Leveller mutiny
1649
Siege of Northampton
Thompson, William
 May Mutinous Leveller troops under William Thompson occupy Northampton
 May 17th A Parliamentary force under Colonel Reynolds defeats the Levellers
1649
Remonstrance Army
Fairfax, Thomas
 Nov 15th Introduces the Remonstrance of the Army to Parliament
1649
Arrest
Fairfax, Thomas
 Dec 2nd Orders Charles I to be transferred to Hurst Castle
 Dec 2nd Orders Charles I to be transferred to Hurst Castle
1650
Battle of Cartagena
Blake, Robert
  Chases the Royalist fleet from Kinsale to Lisbon & Cartagena where it is destroyed
1650
Commander
Cromwell, Oliver
  Cromwell is appointed Fairax's successor, "captain-general and commander-in-chief of all the forces raised or to be raised at authority of Parliament within the Commonwealth of England"
1650
Kings Arms
Cromwell, Oliver
  Orders removal of the Kings Arms & replacing it with the Arms of the Commonwealth
1650
Civil War England
Graham, James
 Mar Lands with an invasion force on the Orkneys
 April Arrives at Thurso with the intention of joining up with the Mackenzies in Inverness
 April Arrives at Thurso with the intention of joining up with the Mackenzies in Inverness
1650
Invasion of Scotland
Charles II
 April Montrose lands from the Orkneys with 1,500 in the service of Charles II
1650
Siege of Caithness
Charles II
 April Montrose lands from the Orkneys with 1,500 in the service of Charles II
1650
Civil War England
Graham, James
 April 25th Reaches Strath Oykel waiting to be joined by the Monroes & Rosses
 April 25th Reaches Strath Oykel waiting to be joined by the Monroes & Rosses
 April 27th Defeated by a royalist cavalry led by Colonel Strachan
1650
Battle of Clonmel Ireland
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 17th Cromwell's 8000 men eventually take the town from its 1000 Irish defenders, but not before they suffer heavy losses
1650
Siege of Clonmel
Cromwell, Oliver
 May 17th Cromwell's men are trapped by Hugh Dubh O'Neill, 2,500 are killed
1650
Civil War England
Graham, James
 May 20th Charles II does not defend him because he tries to win the support of the Covenantors
1650
Invasion of Scotland
Lambert, John
 June 28th Crosses the Scottish border with an invasion force led by Cromwell
1650
Siege of Edinburgh
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep Begins the siege of Edinburgh after victory at Dunbar
1650
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Sep 1st Persues Cromwell & that evening posts the Scots at Doon Hill about 2 miles from Dunbar
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 2nd Writes "Out lying here daily consumeth our men who fall sick beyond imagination"
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Lambert, John
 Sep 2nd Convinces the Council of War that the Scots are vulnerable at Dunbar
1650
Mobilization
Monck, George
 Sep 2nd Advises Crowmell of a way of attacking the Scots
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 3rd After the battle Cromwell is in control of southern Scotland & the route to Edinburgh
 Sep 3rd Defeats a Scottish Army of 22,000 with 3,500 horse & 7,500 foot of his own, 3,000 killed to the Roundheads 30 killed
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Fleetwood, Charles
 Sep 3rd Helps Cromwell defeat the Scottish Army
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Lambert, John
 Sep 3rd Leads a cavalry charge leaving the Scots with 3,000 killed to the Roundhead's 30
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Monck, George
 Sep 3rd Commands a brigade of Foot
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Overton, Robert
 Sep 3rd Overton commands a brigade of Foot at the battle of Dunbar
1650
Battle of Dunbar
Pride, Thomas
 Sep 3rd Commands a brigade of Foot
1650
Civil War England
Leslie, Alexander
 Sep 3rd Defeated despite having a force of 22,000, a 2:1 advantage
1650
Siege of Edinburgh
Cromwell, Oliver
 Dec 24th The garrison at Edinburgh surrenders to Cromwell
1651
Adviser
Hyde, Edward
  Appointed Chief Adviser to Charles II in exile
1651
Adviser
Hyde
  Appointed Chief Adviser to Charles II in exile
1651
Capture of Jersey
Charles II
  The last Royalist stronghold in England surrenders to the Commonwealth
1651
Capture of Scilly Isles
Blake, Robert
  Captures the Scilly Isles
1651
Commander
Massey, John
  Appointed Commander of the English forces for the Royalists
1651
Council State
Blake, Robert
  Appointed Member of the Council of State
1651
Death
Stanley, James
  Executed after being captured at the battle of Worcester
1651
Execution
Stanley, James
  Executed after being captured at the Battle of Worcester
1651
General
Middleton, John
  Appointed General of the Horse for the Royalists
1651
Rebellion
Monck, George
  Sent to Scotland to subdue the Scottish forces mobilizing for Charles II
1651
Rebellion
Morgan, Robert
  2nd in command to Monck
  Sent to Scotland to subdue the Scottish forces mobilizing for Charles II
1651
Siege of Jersey
Blake, Robert
  Lands with a Parliamentary invasion force & captures Jersey
1651
Siege of Jersey
Carteret, George
  Makes a stand against Parliament but Jersey falls by the end of the year
1651
Commander
Charles II
 Jan 1st Appointed Commander-in-Chief, Scottish Army
1651
Siege of Leicester
Pye, Robert
 May 30th Overwhelmed by royalistds to divert Parliamentary forces from the stronghold of Oxford
1651
Arrest
Lambert, John
 July Takes the Scots comannder, John Browne, prisoner
1651
Battle of Inverkeithing
Lambert, John
 July Defeats the Scots during Cromwell's siege of Stirling
 July Takes the Scots comannder, John Browne, prisoner
1651
Siege of Stirling
Cromwell, Oliver
 July Conducts the siege of Stirling
1651
Invasion of England
Charles II
 July 13th Crosses the Border into England with a mainly Presbyterian force to restore the throne
1651
Battle of Warrington
Charles II
 Aug Manages to cross the Mersey at Warrington
1651
Battle of Warrington
Stanley, James
 Aug Joins up with Charles II from the Isle of Man, with a modest force of 250 foot
1651
Battle of Worcester
Lilburne, John
 Aug Ordered by Cromwell to intercept the Earl of Derby on his march to Worcester
1651
Battle of Worcester
Massey, John
 Aug Destroys most of the Bridges surrounding Worcester to defend it for the Royalists
1651
Invasion of England
Lambert, John
 Aug Sent by Cromwell to harass the Scottish invasion Army headed by Charles II
1651
Siege of London
Fleetwood, Charles
 Aug Prepares the defences of London after Charles II leads an invasion force into England
1651
Siege of Stirling
Monck, George
 Aug Ordered by Cromwell to take charge of the siege & capture Stirling
1651
Siege of Perth
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 2nd Perth surrenders to Cromwell
1651
Siege of Stirling
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 4th Cromwell leads an Army across the Forth
1651
Invasion of England
Charles II
 Aug 6th Crosses the border into England at the head of an Army of 14,000
1651
Proclamation Sovereignty
Charles II
 Aug 6th Proclaimed as sovereign of England & offers a pardon to all who join him
1651
Mobilization
Harrison, Thomas
 Aug 13th Lambert & Harrison join sth of Preston before the Scots join the Cheshire militia
1651
Mobilization
Lambert, John
 Aug 13th Lambert & Harrison join sth of Preston before the Scots join the Cheshire militia
1651
Battle of Worcester
Charles II
 Aug 22nd Arrives at the Royalist town of Worcester which clears the garrison for him
 Aug 22nd Arrives with a force of 16,000 men
 Aug 23rd Enters Worcester unopposed
1651
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 24th Joins forces with Lambert & Harrison at Warwick
1651
Battle of Sedan
Lillburne, John
 Aug 25th Eliminates most of the Earl of Derby's forces
1651
Battle of Sedan
Stanley, James
 Aug 25th Most of Derby's forces are eliminated, Derby joins Charles II at Worcester
1651
Battle of Worcester
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 27th Cromwell, Lambert & Fleetwood command 31,000
 Aug 27th Worcester is blocked off at the south & east & forces move to block off the north
 Aug 27th Writes a letter saying that the enemy within Worcester "will have to fight or die"
1651
Mobilization
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 27th Arrives 15 miles sth west of Worcester at the head of an army of 28,000
1651
Mobilization
Fleetwood, Charles
 Aug 27th Joins forces with Cromwell, 15 miles sth west of Worcester, a combined force of 28,000
1651
Capture of Upton Bridge
Lambert, John
 Aug 28th Captures Upton Bridge enabling Cromwell to advance on both banks of the Severn
1651
Battle of Worcester
Charles II
 Aug 29th A Council of War decides to attack Red Hill
1651
Battle of Worcester
Cromwell, Oliver
 Aug 29th Has Worcester surrounded & starts pounding the Royalists
1651
Battle of Worcester
Middleton, John
 Aug 29th Attacks Parliament's forces on Red Hill which had begun shelling Worcester
1651
Battle of Worcester
Charles II
 Sep 3rd Attempts a "break out" from Worcester against Cromwell but is forced back
 Sep 3rd Charles is forced to go into hiding then escape from England
 Sep 3rd Leads a force of 16,000 against Cromwell's force of 30,000
1651
Battle of Worcester
Cromwell, Oliver
 Sep 3rd Begins the attack on Worcester 12 months to the day after the battle of Dunbar
 Sep 3rd Drives Charles II out of England to France
 Sep 3rd Leads 30,000 including 20,000 from the New Model Army to victory against Charles II
1651
Battle of Worcester
Deane, Richard
 Sep 3rd Leads a Parliamentary force up the River Severn prior to the Battle of Worcester
1651
Battle of Worcester
Fleetwood, Charles
 Sep 3rd Forces Charles II's Scottish allies back into the confines of Worcester
 Sep 3rd Leads a Parliamentary force across the River Teme prior to the Battle of Worcester
1651
Battle of Worcester
Lambert, John
 Sep 3rd Helps defeats the Scots & Royalists
1651
Battle of Worcester
Pride, Thomas
 Sep 3rd Commands a Parliamentary regiment in a victory over the Royalists
1651
Battle of Worcester
Stanley, James
 Sep 3rd Captured during the Battle of Worcester supporting Charles I
1651
Exile
Charles II
 Sep 7th Joined in Aachen by his sister, the recently widowed Princess Mary
 Sep 7th Leaves France, which resumes relations with England, for Aachen
 Sep 17th Flees to France in a State of destitution
 Oct 15th Leaves England on a hired boat, The Surprise, from Shoreham
 Oct 15th On the run for 6 weeks after the battle of Worcester
1653
Rebellion
Lillburne, Robert
  Sent to Scotland to subdue the Scottish forces mobilizing for Charles II
1653
Sealed Knot
Charles II
  Supports a conspiratorial royalist society in England called the Sealed Knot
1653
Alliance
Charles II
 Mar Sends General Middleton to support the Scottish clans who declared loyalty to the King
1653
Alliance
Middleton
 Mar Sent to support the Scottish clans who declared loyalty to the King
1655
Rebellion
Charles II
  A splinter of the Sealed Knot plan a royalist Coup which collapses
1655
Capture of Salisbury
Penruddock, John
 Mar 12th Captures Salisbury with the Action Party to restore the throne for Charles II
1656
Alliance
Charles II
 Mar Negiates with the Spanish Governor Don Juan for an Alliance with Spain
1658
Restoration
Fairfax, Thomas
  Supports the restoration of a Constitutional monarchy
1659
Battle of Winnington Bridge
Booth, George
  Sir George Booth's troops are routed by Lambert at the Battle of Winnington Bridge, the last battle of the English civil war
1659
Battle of Winnington Bridge
Lambert, John
  Sir George Booth's troops are routed by Lambert at the Battle of Winnington Bridge, the last battle of the English civil war
1659
Restoration
Fairfax, Thomas
  Charles II the "merry monarch, scandalous and poor", is glad to obey the summons, and Fairfax provides the horse on which Charles rides at his coronation
  A "free" Parliament is called; Fairfax is elected member for Yorkshire, and is put at the head of the commission appointed by the House of Commons to wait upon Charles II, at the Hague and urges his speedy return
1659
Committee Safety
Lambert, John
 Oct 13th Lambert expells the Rump Parliament & institutes military rule through a Committee of Safety
1659
Constitution
Lambert, John
 Oct 13th Lambert expells the Rump Parliament & institutes military rule through a Committee of Safety
1659
Parliament
Lambert, John
 Oct 13th Lambert expells the Rump Parliament & institutes military rule through a Committee of Safety
 Dec 26th The Navy mutinied & declared for the Rump, support for Lambert collapsed & the Rump Parliament resumes its sittings
1659
Rebellion
Lambert, John
 Dec 26th The Navy mutinied & declared for the Rump, support for Lambert collapsed & the Rump Parliament resumes its sittings
1671
Death
Montagu, Edward
 May 5th Death of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester

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