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The World History Database

The World History Database

Frederick William IV
History of Germany


1795
Birth
Frederick William IV
  Birth of Frederick William IV, son of Frederick William III
1840
Succession
Frederick William IV
  Succeeds as King of Prussia
1844
Cologne
Frederick William IV
  Attends the celebrations marking the completion of Cologne Cathedral, becoming the first king of Prussia to enter a Roman Catholic building
1847
Budget
Frederick William IV
  Calls up an Assembly for a loan to build a railway from Berlin to Bahgdad
  Must offer a written Constitution & an elected Assembly before the loan is agreed
  The loan request for the Berlin-Konigsberg railway is rejected
  The United Diet refuses to agree the loan for a new railway
1847
Constitution
Frederick William IV
  Allows freedom of the press
  Calls a national assembly, it is not a representative body, but rather a United Diet comprising all the provincial estates, which had the right to grant taxes and loans but no right to meet at regular intervals.
  Refuses to allow a fully representative Assembly
  Refuses to allow a written Constitution
  The Diet is united against Frederick William's idea of a representative Assembly
1847
National Assembly
Frederick William IV
  Calls a national assembly, it is not a representative body, but rather a United Diet comprising all the provincial estates, which had the right to grant taxes and loans but no right to meet at regular intervals.
1848
Constitution
Frederick William IV
  Commits himself to German unification, forms a liberal Government, convenes a national assembly, and orders that a Constitution of the Kingdom of Prussia
1848
German Confederation
Frederick William IV
  Contacts Metternich to reform the German Confederation but Metternich is deposed
1848
Revolution
Frederick William IV
  Capitulates to the demands of the revolutionaries in Berlin
  Declares "Prussia will merge with Germany"
  Stays in Berlin with the idea of leading a united Germany
  The Kings troops are overwhelmed & leave Berlin
  Transfers responsibility for law & order to a civilian militia
  Capitulates to the demands of the revolutionaries in Berlin
  Commits himself to German unification, forms a liberal Government, convenes a national assembly, and orders that a Constitution of the Kingdom of Prussia
  Contacts Metternich to reform the German Confederation but Metternich is deposed
  Declares "Prussia will merge with Germany"
  Frederick's generals ask him to leave for Potsdam, he refuses & street violence ensues
  Frederick stays in his Palace surrounded by a mob who force Constitutional reforms
  Heads a procession wearing a black-red-gold armband
  Stays in Berlin with the idea of leading a united Germany
  The Kings troops are overwhelmed & leave Berlin
  Transfers responsibility for law & order to a civilian militia
  Wishes to stay with his "dear Berliners"
1848
Unification
Frederick William IV
  Commits himself to German unification, forms a liberal Government, convenes a national assembly, and orders that a Constitution of the Kingdom of Prussia
  Declares "Prussia will merge with Germany"
1848
Revolution
Frederick William IV
 Mar 19th When revolution breaks out in Prussia, part of the larger Revolutions of 1848, the king initially moved to repress it with the army, but later decided to recall the troops and place himself at the head of the movement
1848
Constitution
Frederick William IV
 Dec Once his position is more secure again,quickly has the army reoccupy Berlin and dissolve the assembly
1848
National Assembly
Frederick William IV
 Dec Once his position is more secure again,quickly has the army reoccupy Berlin and dissolve the assembly
1848
Revolution
Frederick William IV
 Dec Once his position is more secure again,quickly has the army reoccupy Berlin and dissolve the assembly
1848
Siege of Berlin
Frederick William IV
 Dec Once his position is more secure again,quickly has the army reoccupy Berlin and dissolve the assembly
1849
Succession
Frederick William IV
 Mar 28th Elected as "Emperor of the Germans"
1849
Frankfurt Parliament
Frederick William IV
 April 3rd Supports unification for a time, leading the Frankfurt Parliament to offer him the crown of Germany, which he refuses, purportedly saying that he would not accept "a crown made of mud and clay"
1849
Unification
Frederick William IV
 April 3rd Supports unification for a time, leading the Frankfurt Parliament to offer him the crown of Germany, which he refuses, purportedly saying that he would not accept "a crown made of mud and clay"
1849
Constitution
Frederick William IV
 April 4th Rejects the Imperial Crown offered by the Parliament of Frankfurt
  Refuses to abandon the Constitution after Schwarzenburg's offer to divide Germany
1850
Denmark Prussia War
Frederick William IV
  France, Britain & Russia sign a protocol recognizing Danish rule in Schleswig
1850
Rebellion
Frederick William IV
  Refuses to abandon the Constitution after Schwarzenburg's offer to divide Germany
  Refuses to abandon the Constitution after Schwarzenburg's offer to divide Germany
1850
Rule of Holstein
Frederick William IV
  France, Britain & Russia sign a protocol recognizing Danish rule in Holstein
1850
Peace
Frederick William IV
 July 2nd Prussia makes peace with Denmark, following Tsar Nicholas's advice
1850
Mobilization
Frederick William IV
 Nov 6th The Prussian army is mobilized
 Nov 8th Shots are exchanged between Austrian & Prussian soldiers, the 1st since 1778
 Nov 9th The French mobilize in Alsace & direct Prussian & Austrian aggression is diffused
1850
Agreement of Olomouc
Frederick William IV
 Nov 29th Prussia gives up the Erfurt Union & returns to the old Confederation in Germany
1850
Constitution
Frederick William IV
 Nov 29th Attempts to establish the Erfurt Union, a union of German states excluding Austria, but abandons the idea by the Punctation of Olmutz, in the face of Austrian resistance
1850
Erfurt Union
Frederick William IV
 Nov 29th Attempts to establish the Erfurt Union, a union of German states excluding Austria, but abandons the idea by the Punctation of Olmutz, in the face of Austrian resistance
1850
Punctation of Olmutz
Frederick William IV
 Nov 29th Attempts to establish the Erfurt Union, a union of German states excluding Austria, but abandons the idea by the Punctation of Olmutz, in the face of Austrian resistance
1850
Unification
Frederick William IV
 Nov 29th Attempts to establish the Erfurt Union, a union of German states excluding Austria, but abandons the idea by the Punctation of Olmutz, in the face of Austrian resistance
1851
Constitution
Frederick William IV
  Promulgates a new Constitution that created a parliament with two chambers, an aristocratic upper house and an elected lower house
  The Constitution also reserved for the king the power of appointing all ministers, reestablished the conservative district assemblies and provincial diets, and guaranteed that the bureaucracy and the military remained firmly in the hands of the king
  The lower house is elected by all taxpayers, but in a three-tiered system based on the amount of taxes paid so that true universal suffrage is denied
1858
Regency
Frederick William IV
  William I is appointed Regent after Frederick William's bouts of insanity

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