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 World War, 1st
Biographies
 Bernstein, Eduard
 Beseler, Hans von
 Blomberg, Werner von
 Daubler, Theodor
 Ebert, Friedrich
 Einstein, Albert
 Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Gallwitz, Max von
 Groener, Karl Eduard Wilhelm
 Guderain, Heinz
 Helfferich, Karl
 Hess, Rudolph
 Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig Hans von
 Hipper, Franz von
 Hitler, Adolf
 Hoffman, Maximilian
 Ludendorf, Erich von
 Mackensen, August von
 Marwitz, Georg von der
 Neurath, Constantin Freiher von
 Rupprecht,
 Sanders, Otto Victor Karl Liman von
 Scheer, Reinhard
 Schwarzschild, Karl
 Seeckt, Hans von
 Theobald, Bethmann Hollweg von
Places
 Beelitz
 Berlin
 Bucharest
 Constanta
 Dobrudja
 Hermannstadt
 Jutland
 Neuville
 River Argesul
 Silistra
 Sistova
 Somme
 Turtukai
 Verdun
 Wurttemberg

The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

1916
Battle of Neuville
  Hess, Rudolph
  Participates in the Battle of Neuville St Vaast
1916
Battle of Somme, 1st
  Gallwitz, Max von
  Commands German defenses at the Battle of the Somme
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Guderain, Heinz
  Learns how to use tanks in battle, leading exponent in World War II
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Hess, Rudolph
  Participates in the Battle of Verdun
1916
Black Holes
  Schwarzschild, Karl
  An observer falling into a Schwarzschild black hole (i.e. non-rotating and no charges) cannot avoid the singularity
  Karl Schwarzschild solves the Einstein vacuum field equations for uncharged spherically-symmetric non-rotating systems
  The Schwarzschild solution, which makes use of Schwarzschild coordinates and the Schwarzschild metric, leads to the well-known Schwarzschild radius, which is the size of the event horizon of a non-rotating black hole
1916
Cabinet
  Neurath, Constantin Freiher von
  Appointed Cabinet Chief
1916
Capture of Dobrudja
  Mackensen, August von
  Captures Dobrudja from Romania
1916
Capture of Germany
  Groener, Karl Eduard Wilhelm
  Serves under Von Mackensen
1916
Chief of Staff
  Hoffman, Maximilian
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff on the Eastern Front
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the Eastern Front
1916
Chief of Staff
  Seeckt, Hans von
  Appointed Chief of the General Staff, serves the Austrian Archduke Charles
  Appointed Chief of the General Staff, serves the Austrian Archduke Charles
1916
Commander
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
  Appointed Commander of the 9th Army for the Romanian Campaign
  Appointed Commander of the 9th Army for the Romanian Campaign
1916
Commander
  Rupprecht
  Appointed Commander of the "Army Group Rupprecht", a group of northern German armies
  Appointed Commander of the "Army Group Rupprecht", a group of northern German armies
1916
Commander
  Scheer, Reinhard
  Appointed Commander of the German Fleet
  Appointed Commander of the German Fleet
1916
Constitution
  Ludendorf, Erich von
  Ludendorff and Hindenburg become the leaders of the military-industrial dictatorship Third Supreme Command
1916
Declaration of War
  Ebert, Friedrich
  Supports defending German territory, including Alsace & Lorraine, non-annexationist
  The Party is split by Ebert's opposition to the minority anti-war caucus of the SDP
1916
Dismissal
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
  Dimissed by the Kaiser after the failure of Verdun
1916
Economy
  Groener, Karl Eduard Wilhelm
  Takes over control of the war economy from Ludendorf when the Kriegsamt is established
1916
Field Marshal
  Rupprecht
  Appointed Field Marshal
  Appointed Field Marshal
1916
General
  Sanders, Otto Victor Karl Liman von
  Appointed Commander of the Turkish forces in the Middle East
  Appointed Commander of the Turkish forces in the Middle East
1916
Hindenburg Line
  Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig Hans von
  Named after the Field Marshal
  The completion of a fortified German Defense line across North Eastern France
1916
Hindenburg Program
  Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig Hans von
  Issues instructions for annexation, mobilization & the auxiliary service law
  Makes war work compulsory for every male aged 17-60
  The High Command issues a program to direct the war economy
  The Hindenburg Program is the name given to a series of initiatives that attempted to reorganize Germany's war effort around the concept of total war
1916
Independent Social Democratic Party
  Bernstein, Eduard
  Founds the Independent Social Democratic Party
1916
Kriegsamt
  Groener, Karl Eduard Wilhelm
  Takes over control of the war economy from Ludendorf when the Kriegsamt is established
1916
Major
  Blomberg, Werner von
  Appointed Major
1916
Major
  Groener, Karl Eduard Wilhelm
  Takes over control of the war economy from Ludendorf when the Kriegsamt is established
1916
Minister
  Helfferich, Karl
  Appointed Minister of the Interior
1916
Peace
  Ludendorf, Erich von
  Ludendorff supports unrestricted submarine warfare and successfully puts pressure on Kaiser Wilhelm II to dismiss those in the armed forces that favour a negotiated peace settlement
1916
Publication
  Daubler, Theodor
  Publication of, "Das Sternenkind"
1916
Quartermaster General
  Ludendorf, Erich von
  Hindenburg appoints Ludendorff as his Quartermaster General
  Hindenburg appoints Ludendorff as his Quartermaster General
1916
Reichstag
  Ebert, Friedrich
  Appointed Party Leader in the Reichstag
1916
Relativity
  Einstein, Albert
  Proposes the general theory of relativity, proved correct 3 years later
1916
Schwarzschild Metric
  Schwarzschild, Karl
  Papers on relativity produced the first exact solutions to the Einstein field equations, and a minor modification of these results gives the well-known solution that now bears his name: the Schwarzschild metric
1916
Schwarzschild Radius
  Schwarzschild, Karl
  The Schwarzschild solution, which makes use of Schwarzschild coordinates and the Schwarzschild metric, leads to the well-known Schwarzschild radius, which is the size of the event horizon of a non-rotating black hole
1916
Submarine Warfare
  Ludendorf, Erich von
  Ludendorff supports unrestricted submarine warfare and successfully puts pressure on Kaiser Wilhelm II to dismiss those in the armed forces that favour a negotiated peace settlement
1916
Third Supreme Command
  Ludendorf, Erich von
  Ludendorff and Hindenburg become the leaders of the military-industrial dictatorship Third Supreme Command
  Ludendorff and Hindenburg become the leaders of the military-industrial dictatorship Third Supreme Command
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Feb 21st 1st day to "bleed the French white", 1200 German artillery guns open fire
 Feb 21st Decides "to bleed France white" by concentrating on a historically sensitive area
 Feb 21st Flamethrowers are used for the 1st time at the battle of Verdun
1916
Invention of Flamethrowers
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Feb 21st Flamethrowers are used for the 1st time at the battle of Verdun
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Feb 25th Begins successfully when the Germans take Fort Douamont, Verdun's strongest position
1916
Commander
  Mackensen, August von
 Mar Appointed Commander of the Army of the Danube
 Mar Appointed Commander of the Army of the Danube
1916
Death
  Schwarzschild, Karl
 May 11th Death of Karl Schwarzschild
1916
Battle of Jutland
  Hipper, Franz von
 May 31st Germans have 16 Dreadnoughts, 6 pre-Dreadnoughts, 11 light cruisers & 72 destroyers
 May 31st Hipper & Beatty's destroyers see each other & the Germans entice the British fleet
 May 31st Leads 5 cruisers along the Jutland Peninsula to break the British North Sea blockade
1916
Battle of Jutland
  Scheer, Reinhard
 May 31st Follows von Hipper with the German Fleet of 99 ships along the Jutland Peninsula
 May 31st Intends to entice British battle-cruisers offf the Norwegian coast & destroy them
 June 1st Both sides lose 6 ships but the British lose greater tonnage
 June 1st Scheer is outgunned by Jellicoe's fleet & turns away under cover of smokescreens
 June 1st The German Fleet retrurns to port & does not break out again during the war
 June 1st The Germans claim a victory because they have sunk more ships than they have lost
1916
Brusilov
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 June 4th Transfers 15 Divs from the Western to the Eastern front after the Brusilov Offensive
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 June 24th Cancels supplies to the battle when the French are saved from by Allied bombardment
1916
Dismissal
  Ludendorf, Erich von
 Aug Paul von Hindenburg replaces Erich von Falkenhayn as Chief-of-Staff of the German Army
 Aug Paul von Hindenburg replaces Erich von Falkenhayn as Chief-of-Staff of the German Army
1916
Chief of Staff
  Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig Hans von
 Aug 26th Appointed Chief-of-Staff
 Aug 26th Appointed Chief-of-Staff
1916
Resignation
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Aug 29th Forced to resign after the failure of Verdun
1916
Capture of Silistra
  Mackensen, August von
 Sep 6th Captures Silistra
1916
Capture of Turtukai
  Mackensen, August von
 Sep 6th Captures Turtukai
1916
Brusilov
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Sep 20th The offensive is called off
 Sep 20th The Russians had taken 450,000 prisoners but lost 1,000,000
1916
Battle of Hermannstadt
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Sep 27th The German 9th Army pushes back the Romanian forces during the Romanian Campaign
1916
Health
  Hitler, Adolf
 Oct Convalesces in Beelitz
1916
Battle of Somme, 1st
  Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 7th Injured by a grenade splinter & returns to Germany for the 1st time in 2 yrs
1916
Health
  Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 7th Injured by a grenade splinter & returns to Germany for the 1st time in 2 yrs
1916
Capture of Constanta
  Mackensen, August von
 Oct 23rd Captures the key Black Sea port of Constanta from Romania
1916
Constitution
  Beseler, Hans von
 Nov 5th Proclaims the Polish Congress of State for military & economy resources for Germany
1916
Rule of Poland
  Beseler, Hans von
 Nov 5th Proclaims the Polish Congress of State for military & economy resources for Germany
1916
Crossing River Danube
  Mackensen, August von
 Nov 23rd Crosses the River Danube at Sistova
1916
Battle of Argesul
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Nov 30th Attacks the Romanians at the River Argesul who launch an operation to defend Bucharest
 Nov 30th German & Austrian victory which leads to the capture of Bucharest
1916
Battle of Argesul
  Mackensen, August von
 Nov 30th Attacks the Romanians at the River Argesul who launch an operation to defend Bucharest
 Nov 30th German & Austrian victory which leads to the capture of Bucharest
1916
2nd Army
  Marwitz, Georg von der
 Dec Appointed Commander of the 2nd Army
1916
Battle of Verdun
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Dec After 10 months the Germans are forced back to their original positions
 Dec Each loses about 350,000
1916
Commander
  Marwitz, Georg von der
 Dec Appointed Commander of the 2nd Army
 Dec Appointed Commander of the 2nd Army
1916
Relativity
  Einstein, Albert
 Dec The Special and General Theory is an introduction to Einstein's space-bending, time-stretching theory of Relativity, first published in December 1916
1916
Capture of Bucharest
  Falkenhayn, Eric von
 Dec 6th The Germans capture Bucharest after the battle of Argesul
1916
Capture of Bucharest
  Mackensen, August von
 Dec 6th The Germans capture Bucharest after the battle of Argesul
1916
Peace
  Theobald, Bethmann Hollweg von
 Dec 12th Issues a Peace Note for negotiations, hopes to control Belgium & North East France

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