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Biographies
 Arnim, Hans-Jrgen von
 Best, Werner
 Blumentritt, Guenther
 Bock, Fedor von
 Braun, Werner von
 Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Fegelein, Hermann
 Felber, Hans-Gustav
 Frank, Hans
 Freisler, Roland
 Halder, Franz von
 Heim, Ferdinand
 Heinrici, Gotthard
 Heitz, Walther
 Hermann, Hermann
 Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 Hitler, Adolf
 Hoess, Rudolf Franz Ferdinand
 Hoth, Hoth
 Hube, Hans
 Jodl, Alfred
 Keitel, Wilhelm
 Kesselring, Albrecht
 Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 Krebs, Hans
 Langkeit, Willi
 Leeb, Wilhelm Ritter von
 List, Siegmund Wilhelm von
 Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 Marcks, Erich
 Mengele, Josef
 Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Montgomery, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Paulus, Friedrich von
 Raeder, Erich
 Richthofen, Wolfram von
 Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Rundstedt, Karl Rudolf von
 Sauckel, Firitz
 Scherf, Walter
 Schmidt, Arthur
 Schmundt, Rudolf
 Schoerner, Ferdinand
 Speer, Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert
 Terboven, Josef
 Todt, Fritz
 Witzleben, Erwin von
 Zeitzler, Kurt
Places
 Agedabia
 Alamein, El
 Alam Halfa
 Atlantic Wall
 Auschwitz
 Barak
 Bardia
 Barents Sea
 Barvenko
 Barvenkovo
 Belgrade
 Benghazi
 Berlin
 Bir Hachem
 Burluk
 Canterbury
 Caucasus
 Caucusus
 Chechivichi
 Crimea
 Cyrenaica
 Dernia
 Dieppe
 Don
 El Alamein
 Fuka
 Gazala
 Grozny
 Kalach
 Kasserine
 Kerch
 Kharkov
 Kidney Ridge
 Komsomolsk
 Kotelnikov
 Kotelnikovo
 Kuporosnoye
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 Leningrad
 Lidice
 Maikop
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 Mount Elbrus
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 Novocherkasak
 Ordzhonikidze
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 River Dneiper
 River Donetz
 River Don
 River Volga
 Rostov
 Rzhev
 Sebastopol
 Sevastopol
 Sicily
 Sidi Bou Zid
 Stalingrad
 St Nazaire
 Tobruk
 Toulon
 Tunis
 Vichy
 Vinnitsa
 Voronezh
 Wansee

The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

1942
Alliance
  Kesselring, Albrecht
  Responsible for land & air forces & keeping Italy in the war
1942
Atlantic Wall
  Hitler, Adolf
  Constructs a 5000 Km defensive wall to defend the west
  Over 17 million tons of concrete & 1.2 million tons of steel are used
  Preparations to counter an invasion of Western Europe are limited to the construction, by the Organisation Todt, of impressive fortifications covering the major ports
  The strongest concentration of defenses will be at Calais, Cherbourg & Le Havre
  Work begins on construction, mainly French harbours & ports after the siege of Dieppe
  In Normandy there are 27 heavy gun emplacements & 20 mobile heavy guns
  The strongest part has 93 heavy gun emplacements & 39 mobile heavy guns
1942
Atlantic Wall
  Rundstedt, Karl Rudolf von
  Commands the forces defending the Atlantic Wall, Hitler controls the troop movements
1942
Barabarossa
  Hitler, Adolf
  Commands the Soviet winter offensive, von Brauchitsch is dismissed
1942
Barbarossa
  Halder, Franz von
  The Kerch Peninsular, Kharkov, Crimea & Sebastopol are captured
1942
Barbarossa
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
  Holds the Corps bridgehead on the east bank of the Dneiper River
1942
Battle of Kasserine
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
  Defeats the II US Corps in Tunisia
1942
Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
  Defeats the II US Corps in Tunisia
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hermann, Hoth
  Commands the 4th Panzer Army at the Battle of Stalingrad
1942
Bombing of Malta
  Kesselring, Albrecht
  Orders heavy bombing of Malta because of its strategic importance to the British
1942
Brigadier General
  Fegelein, Hermann
  Appointed Brigadier-General
  Appointed Brigadier-General
1942
Capture of Barak
  Langkeit, Willi
  Captures Barak on the Donets & unites with the 6th Army
1942
Chief of Army Personnel
  Schmundt, Rudolf
  Appointed Chief of Army Personnel
  Appointed Chief of Army Personnel
1942
Chief of Staff
  Krebs, Hans
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the 9th Army
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the 9th Army
1942
Chief of Staff
  Zeitzler, Kurt
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OB West after the British siege of St Nazaire
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OB West after the British siege of St Nazaire
1942
Commander
  Hermann, Hoth
  Appointed Commander of the 4th Panzer Army
  Appointed Commander of the 4th Panzer Army
1942
Commander
  Kesselring, Albrecht
  Appointed Commander-in-Chief, South
  Appointed Commander-in-Chief, South
1942
Commander
  Langkeit, Willi
  Appointed Commander of the 14th Division Panzer Regiment
  Appointed Commander of the 14th Division Panzer Regiment
1942
Commander
  List, Siegmund Wilhelm von
  Appointed Commander of Army Group A created to advance into the Caucasus
  Appointed Commander of Army Group A created to advance into the Caucasus
  Appointed Commander of Army Group A created to advance into the Caucasus
  Appointed Commander of Army Group A created to advance into the Caucasus
1942
Commander
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
  Appointed Commander of the Mountain Corps XIX in Lapland
  Appointed Commander of the Mountain Corps XIX in Lapland
1942
Death
  Todt, Fritz
  Death of Fritz Todt, killed in an airplane crash
1942
Dismissal
  Halder, Franz von
  Stalingrad & the Caucasus oil fields are not taken & Halder is dismissed
1942
Execution
  Hoess, Rudolf Franz Ferdinand
  Mass gassing of Jews using Zyklon-B begins at Auschwitz
1942
General
  Heinrici, Gotthard
  Appointed General
  Appointed General
1942
General
  Scherf, Walter
  Entrusted by Hitler to write the history of the 2nd World War
  Entrusted by Hitler to write the history of the 2nd World War
1942
Greater German Empire
  Frank, Hans
  Treats Poles as "slaves of the Greater German Empire"
1942
Hercules
  Kesselring, Albrecht
  At the last moment Hitler decides to cancel Operation Hercules
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Halder, Franz von
  The Kerch Peninsular, Kharkov, Crimea & Sebastopol are captured
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
  Commands the Soviet winter offensive, von Brauchitsch is dismissed
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
  Holds the Corps bridgehead on the east bank of the Dneiper River
1942
Major
  Schmundt, Rudolf
  Appointed Major-General
  Appointed Major-General
1942
Massacre
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
  The NAZIs respond to Heydrich's assassination by massacaring the population of Lidice
1942
Minister
  Speer, Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert
  Appointed Minister of Armaments
  Appointed Minister of Armaments
  Appointed Minister of Armaments
1942
Persecution
  Frank, Hans
  Treats Poles as "slaves of the Greater German Empire"
1942
Reich Commissioner
  Best, Werner
  Appointed Reich Commissioner during Germany's occupation of Denmark
  Appointed Reich Commissioner during Germany's occupation of Denmark
1942
Siege of Caucasus
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
  Kleist is sent to command troops in the Caucasus in order to capture important oil wells in the area
1942
Siege of St Nazaire
  Hitler, Adolf
  Britain conducts a successful raid in the Loire
  Hitler decides to step up the defense of nth west France
1942
SS
  Mengele, Josef
  Appointed SS-Hauptsturmfhrer, Captain
  Appointed SS-Hauptsturmfhrer, Captain
1942
Supreme Commander
  Hitler, Adolf
  Appointed Supreme Commander of the Army
  Appointed Supreme Commander of the Army
  Appointed Supreme Commander of the Army
1942
Unternehmen Blau
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
  Leads the Summer Offensive in the Rzhev sector
  When the 3rd battle for Rhzev ends the Russians have casualties of 380,000 dead
1942
Mobilization
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Jan Moves the 6th Army HQ to Kharkov
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Jan The Russians under Timosheko lay siege to Kharkov but call it off after 2 months
1942
Battle of Bardia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 2nd The Allies recapture Bardia
1942
Peace
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 2nd Britain, the USA, China & 22 Allies agree not to make a separate peace with Germany
1942
Dismissal
  Leeb, Wilhelm Ritter von
 Jan 17th Fails to capture Leningrad & is dismissed by Hitler
1942
Commander
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Jan 18th Appointed Commander of the 9th Army
 Jan 18th Appointed Commander of the 9th Army
1942
Siege of Moscow
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Jan 18th Consolidates the front during the retreat from Moscow
1942
Concentration Camps
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 20th During the Wannsee Conference the procedures of the elimination of the European Jews are discussed, shortly after this conference, the elimination camps of Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau begin their work
1942
Conference of Wansee
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 Jan 20th Chairs the Conference which sets in motion the "Final Solution of the Jewish question"
1942
Conference of Wansee
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 20th During the Wannsee Conference the procedures of the elimination of the European Jews are discussed, shortly after this conference, the elimination camps of Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau begin their work
 Jan 20th The Conference sets in motion the "Final Solution of the Jewish question"
1942
Final Solution
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 20th During the conference, there was a discussion held by a group of German Nazi officials to decide on the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question", a surviving copy of the minutes of this meeting was found by the Allies in 1947
 Jan 20th During the Wannsee Conference the procedures of the elimination of the European Jews are discussed, shortly after this conference, the elimination camps of Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau begin their work
 Jan 20th The Conference sets in motion the "Final Solution of the Jewish question"
1942
Siege of Agedabia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 21st The Allies are forced back to Agedabia
1942
Capture of Agedabia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 22nd Agedabia is captured by the Germans
1942
Siege of Agedabia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 22nd Agedabia is captured by the Germans
1942
Battle of Benghazi
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 29th Benghazi is abandoned by the Allies
1942
Capture of Benghazi
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Jan 29th Benghazi is abandoned by the Allies
1942
Massacre
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Jan 29th 150 houses are burned to the ground, 8 people are shot dead
1942
Massacre
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 30th Celebrates his 9th anniversary of power
 Jan 30th "the result of the war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews"
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 Feb By the end of Feb German forces are driven 200 miles from Moscow
 Feb By the end of Feb there are over 1 million German losses
1942
Siege of Moscow
  Hitler, Adolf
 Feb By the end of Feb German forces are driven 200 miles from Moscow
1942
Capture of Gazala
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Feb 1st The 8th Army is forced to withdraw to the Gazala line
1942
Lieutenant
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Feb 1st Appointed Lieutenant-General in the Afrika Korps
 Feb 1st Appointed Lieutenant-General in the Afrika Korps
1942
Jews
  Terboven, Josef
 Feb 2nd Forces all Jews to wear a star & have their passports marked with a J
1942
Capture of Dernia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Feb 3rd The Allies evacuate Dernia & Rommel stops between Mechili & the coast
1942
Capture of Cyrenaica
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Feb 4th Completes the capture of Cyrenaica
1942
Battle of Rzhev
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Feb 5th Begins to attack the Russians in order to hold Rzhev & stop the Russian advance
 Feb 5th Traps a large number of Russian units, the line is closed with 26,000 Russians dead
1942
Colonel
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Feb 28th Appointed Colonel-General
 Feb 28th Appointed Colonel-General
1942
Medal
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Feb 28th Awarded the Oak Leaf to the Knight's Cross
1942
Chief of Staff
  Schmidt, Arthur
 Mar Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the 6th Army
 Mar Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the 6th Army
1942
Commander
  Rundstedt, Karl Rudolf von
 Mar Appointed Commander-in-Chief for the West, replaces Witzleben
 Mar Appointed Commander-in-Chief for the West, replaces Witzleben
1942
Dismissal
  Heim, Ferdinand
 Mar Dismissed because the 6th Army had not counter-attacked enough at the siege of Kharkov
1942
Final Solution
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar By spring of 1942, Operation Reinhard began the systematic extermination of the Jews, although hundreds of thousands already had been killed by death squads and in mass pogroms
1942
Major
  Marcks, Erich
 Mar Appointed Major-General
 Mar Appointed Major-General
1942
OKH
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar Directs the command of the West under the OKW & the East under the OKH
1942
OKH
  Jodl, Alfred
 Mar Hitler directs Jodl to command the West, Italy, the Balkans, Norway & Denmark
1942
OKH
  Witzleben, Erwin von
 Mar Appointed Member of the OKH Fuehrer Reserve
1942
OKW
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar Directs the command of the West under the OKW & the East under the OKH
1942
OKW
  Jodl, Alfred
 Mar Hitler directs Jodl to command the West, Italy, the Balkans, Norway & Denmark
1942
OKW
  Witzleben, Erwin von
 Mar Appointed Member of the OKH Fuehrer Reserve
1942
Operation Reinhard
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 Mar Named in memory of Reinhard Heydrich, coordinator of the Endl”sung der Judenfrage (Final Solution of the Jewish Question), extermination of the Jews living in the European countries occupied by the German 'Third Reich'
1942
Operation Reinhard
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar By spring of 1942, Operation Reinhard began the systematic extermination of the Jews, although hundreds of thousands already had been killed by death squads and in mass pogroms
 Mar Code name given to the Nazi plan to murder Polish Jews in the General Government, marks the beginning of the most deadly phase of the Holocaust, the use of extermination camps
 Mar During the operation, as many as two million people are murdered in Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka, almost all of whom were Jews
 Mar Named in memory of Reinhard Heydrich, coordinator of the Endl”sung der Judenfrage (Final Solution of the Jewish Question), extermination of the Jews living in the European countries occupied by the German 'Third Reich'
1942
Plenipotentiary
  Sauckel, Firitz
 Mar Appointed Plenipotentiary for Labour Allocation
 Mar Appointed Plenipotentiary for Labour Allocation
1942
Battle of Rzhev
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Mar 1st Russian forces are trapped & then destroyed
1942
Siege of Caucasus
  Halder, Franz von
 Mar 28th Presents Hitler's plans for the conquest of the Caucasus & Russia up the Volga
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 5th Hitler's HQ issues orders for the "final victory in the East"
1942
Invasion of Yugoslavia
  Jodl, Alfred
 April 13th German & Hungarian troops enter Belgrade
1942
Hercules
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 April 29th Kesselring sees Operation Hercules as being essential if Suez is to be captured
 April 29th Kesselring's plan to capture Malta is agreed by Hitler & Mussolini
1942
Medal
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 May Awarded the Knight's Cross after the siege of Kharkhov
1942
Fridericus
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 May 10th Submits plans to von Bock to eliminate the Barvenkovo salient
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Heitz, Walther
 May 12th Timoshenko breaks through Heitz's VIII Corps to within 12 miles of Kharkov
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 May 12th Timoshenko breaks through Heitz's VIII Corps to within 12 miles of Kharkov
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 May 17th Strikes at the Barvenkovo salient, as ordered by Hitler
 May 17th Strikes at the Barvenkovo salient, as ordered by Hitler
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Hitler, Adolf
 May 19th The "Barvenkovo mousetrap" is sprung by Kleist & Paulus, 240,000 Russians are taken
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 May 19th Timoshenko calls off his offensive after Kleists advance into the Barvenko salient
 May 19th Timoshenko calls off his offensive after Kleists advance into the Barvenko salient
 May 19th The "Barvenkovo mousetrap" is sprung by Kleist & Paulus, 240,000 Russians are taken
1942
Siege of Kharkov
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 May 19th The "Barvenkovo mousetrap" is sprung by Kleist & Paulus, 240,000 Russians are taken
1942
Battle of Bir Hachem
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 May 26th Rommel sends his armour sth of Bir Hachem to outflank the British
1942
Invasion of Libya
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 May 26th Commences the invasion of Libya
1942
Assassination
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 May 27th After the plans for the Final Solution are laid down at the Wannsee conference, Heydrich is attacked by members of the Czech underground resistance
1942
Battle of Bardia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Rommel recaptures Bardia for the 2nd time
1942
Battle of Bir Hachem
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Captures Bir Hachem
1942
Blue
  Hitler, Adolf
 June Launched by Hitler to advance on Stalingrad & cut off Timoshenko's troops
1942
Capture of Bardia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June The Allies capture Bardia
1942
Capture of Benghazi
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Captures Benghazi
1942
Capture of Bir Hachem
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Captures Bir Hachem
1942
Capture of Gazala
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Captures Gazala by destroying 250-300 British tanks
1942
Crusade
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June The Allies capture Bardia
1942
Field Marshal
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June Appointed Field Marshal after the Capture of Tobruk
 June Appointed Field Marshal after the Capture of Tobruk
1942
Assassination
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 June 4th Dies from wounds after an attack by the Czech resistence, 3 Czech parachutists with British support in an open car
1942
Death
  Heydrich, Reinhard Tristan Eugen
 June 4th The Czech resistence assassinates Heydrich, "the protector of Bohemia"
1942
Declaration of War
  Hitler, Adolf
 June 5th USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania
1942
Massacre
  Hitler, Adolf
 June 10th 189 men are shot &184 women are sent to Ravensbruck
 June 10th Lidice is raized to the ground
 June 10th Ordered by Hitler after the assassination of Reinard Heydrich
1942
Capture of Burluk
  Langkeit, Willi
 June 16th Captures Burluk
1942
Battle of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 17th Captures Tobruk then plans to move onto the Suez Canal
1942
Capture of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 17th Captures Tobruk then plans to move onto the Suez Canal
1942
Siege of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 17th Captures Tobruk then plans to move onto the Suez Canal
1942
Invasion of Egypt
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 June 26th Arrives at Rommel's HQ & reluctantly agrees to his continuation into Egypt
1942
Battle of Mersa Matruh
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 27th Rommel captures Mersa Matruh
1942
Capture of Mersa Matruh
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 27th Rommel captures Mersa Matruh
1942
Siege of Mersa Matruh
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 27th Rommel captures Mersa Matruh
1942
Battle of Kursk
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 June 28th Sweeps forward to the south of Kursk
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 June 30th Reaches El Alamein, the most advanced point reached by the Axis powers
1942
Siege of Donetz
  List, Siegmund Wilhelm von
 June 30th Crosses the Donetz toward the oil centres of the Caucus
1942
Battle of Kursk
  Hermann, Hoth
 July Commands the 4th Panzer Army at the Battle of Kursk
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hoth, Herman
 July Reaches Kotelnikovo 125 miles sth west of Stalingrad
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 July Helps capture Kalach near Stalingrad
 July Placed in full charge of capturing Stalingrad after the dismissal of Bock
1942
Blue
  Bock, Fedor von
 July Opposes Hitler's plans to split Operation Blue into 2 parts
1942
Blue
  Hitler, Adolf
 July Diverts some of the forces from Operation Blue so that the Caucasus can be captured
1942
Capture of Sebastopol
  Hitler, Adolf
 July German forces capture Sebestopol
1942
Dismissal
  Bock, Fedor von
 July Bock is dismissed by the OKW
1942
Dismissal
  Hitler, Adolf
 July Dismisses Bock because of his dissaproval of the reorganization of Army Group Centre
1942
Field Marshal
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 July Appointed Field Marshal
 July Appointed Field Marshal
1942
Invasion of France
  Hitler, Adolf
 July Plans are completed for the German occupation of France
1942
Mobilization
  Hitler, Adolf
 July Splits Army Group South into 2, Army Group A to go into the Caucasus & Army Group B
1942
Siege of Sevastopol
  Hitler, Adolf
 July German forces capture the Russian garrison at Sebastopol
1942
Battle of Sevastopol
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 July 2nd Manstein captures Sevastopol
1942
Invasion of Crimea
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 July 2nd Manstein captures Sevastopol
1942
Siege of Sevastopol
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 July 2nd Manstein captures Sevastopol
1942
Meeting
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 3rd Meets von Bock after the capture of Sevastopol & the success at Kharkohov
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 July 4th Auchinleck breaks up the attacks of the exhausted German armour on Ruweisat Ridge
1942
Siege of Voronezh
  Hoth, Herman
 July 5th Reaches Voronezh
1942
People's Court
  Freisler, Roland
 July 13th The Court handed down an enormous number of death sentences under Judge-President Roland Freisler
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 16th Hitler moves his HQ to Vinnitsa in the Ukraine
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 20th Bock has been dismissed & Paulus placed in charge of capturing Stalingrad
1942
Operation Adler
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 20th Anti-partisan operation centered on the Chechivichi region of Belarus begun
1942
Siege of Don
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 20th Hoth is ordered to move to the Don, the target is the oil wells rather than Stalingrad
1942
Invasion of Caucasus
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 23rd Extends Operation Blue for the 6th Army to occupy Stalingrad & invade the Caucasus
1942
Siege of Stalingrad
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 23rd Extends Operation Blue for the 6th Army to occupy Stalingrad & invade the Caucasus
1942
Capture of Novocherkasak
  Langkeit, Willi
 July 24th Captures Novocherkasak
1942
Capture of Rostov
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 24th The Germans capture Rostov
1942
Constitution
  Hitler, Adolf
 July 28th The style of the Head of State was changed to Fhrer des Groádeutschen Reiches ('Leader of the Greater German Reich')
1942
Siege of Proletarskaya
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 July 29th Captures Proletarskaya
1942
Atlantic Wall
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug Advocates construction of a concrete coastal wall in nth west France
 Aug Should proceed with "fanatic energy"
1942
Atlantic Wall
  Keitel, Wilhelm
 Aug Hitler orders Keitel to build defenses in nth west France with "fanatical energy"
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hoth, Herman
 Aug Attacks Stalingrad from the sth West
1942
Bombing of Stalingrad
  Richthofen, Wolfram von
 Aug Diverted to the Stalingrad Front with 1,200 planes
1942
Chief of Staff
  Blumentritt, Guenther
 Aug Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OB West
 Aug Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OB West
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug The Germans reach Ordzhonikidze, the most easterly part of the invasion
1942
Siege of Dieppe
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug The Canadians conduct a raid on Dieppe
 Aug The raid is defeated but Hitler concludes nth west France needs more defenses
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Richthofen, Wolfram von
 Aug 2nd Helps capture Kalach near Stalingrad
1942
Siege of Maikop
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 Aug 9th Reaches Maikop, Grozny, Batumi & Baku all appear to be within grasp
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 21st The Swastika is raised over Mount Elbrus
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 21st The Swastika is raised over Mount Elbrus
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hube, Hans
 Aug 22nd Leads the 16th Panzer Division across the River Don
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Aug 23rd The Sixth Army reach the Volga nth of Stalingrad
1942
Bombing of Stalingrad
  Richthofen, Wolfram von
 Aug 23rd Carpet bombs Stalingrad with 1,600 sorties & 1,000 tons of bombs
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Aug 24th After the Luftwaffe attack Stalingrad & kill 40,000 Paulus's 6th Army attack
1942
Blue
  Hitler, Adolf
 Aug 28th Orders the capture of the Grozny oilfields in the Caucus
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Aug 30th Rommel attacks again but is held off by the British
1942
Battle of Alam Halfa
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Aug 30th Wounded in battle & returned to Germany for treatment
1942
Battle of Alam Halfa
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Aug 30th Attacks the Southern sector of El Alamein with the Afrika Korps on his way to Suez
 Aug 30th Beaten back by Montgomery's tank divisions at Alam Halfa
 Aug 30th Fails in an attempt to break through the British defensive line
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hoth, Herman
 Sep Advances across the Volga into the southernmost suburb of Stalingrad
1942
Dismissal
  List, Siegmund Wilhelm von
 Sep Fails to capture the Black Sea & the oilfields of the Caucasus & is dismissed
 Sep Fails to capture the Black Sea & the oilfields of the Caucasus & is dismissed
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Sep 2nd Rommel is forced to retreat
1942
Battle of Alam Halfa
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Sep 2nd Calls off the attack on El Alamein having lost 3,000 troops & 49 tanks
1942
Atlantic Wall
  Hitler, Adolf
 Sep 29th Orders that the construction of the Atlantic Wall be completed by 1st May 1943
 Sep 29th Holds a meeting where he asks for 15,000 strong points to be defended by 300,000 men
1942
Invasion of Russia
  Hitler, Adolf
 Sep 29th In the Chancellery says Russia will be defeated in 1943 by a push in the Spring
1942
Invention of V2 Rocket
  Braun, Werner von
 Oct 3rd 1st successful test launching of of thew V2, liquid fuelled rocket
 Oct 3rd 1st successful test launching of of thew V2, liquid fuelled rocket
1942
Commando Order
  Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 18th Hitler issued a Kommandobefehl (Commando Order) that proscribed any Allied personnel captured in commando raids would be executed
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Oct 23rd General Stumme is killed in the first day of battle & Rommel is recalled from Germany
 Oct 23rd The British 8th Army launches an offensive at el Alamein
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Hitler, Adolf
 Oct 27th The Afrika Korps is reduced to 114 tanks but Hitler orders that they will not retreat
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Oct 27th The Afrika Korps is reduced to 114 tanks but Hitler orders that they will not retreat
1942
Bombing of Canterbury
  Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
 Oct 31st Germany bombs Canterbury in the biggest daylight raid since the battle of Britain
1942
Commander
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Nov Appointed Commander of XXIV Panzer Corps
 Nov Appointed Commander of XXIV Panzer Corps
1942
Invasion of Africa
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 Nov The Allies invade Algeria & Tunisia
1942
Invasion of Sicily
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 Nov Moves HQ to Sicily for an Allied invasion
1942
Lieutenant
  Langkeit, Willi
 Nov Appointed Lieutenant Colonel
 Nov Appointed Lieutenant Colonel
1942
Battle of Kidney Ridge
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 1st Bernard Montgomery launches an attack on the Deutsches Afrika Korps at Kidney Ridge
1942
Battle of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 1st Bernard Montgomery launches an attack on the Deutsches Afrika Korps at Kidney Ridge
 Nov 1st Rommel captures Tobruk
1942
Capture of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 1st Rommel captures Tobruk
1942
Siege of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 1st Bernard Montgomery launches an attack on the Deutsches Afrika Korps at Kidney Ridge
 Nov 1st Rommel captures Tobruk
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Montgomery, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 2nd Rommel is forced to retreat
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 2nd Rommel is forced to retreat
1942
Supercharge
  Rommel
 Nov 2nd After the success of the Allied operation Rommel decides to rereat to Fuka
1942
Battle of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 3rd Bernard Montgomery launches an attack on the Deutsches Afrika Korps at Kidney Ridge
 Nov 3rd Rommell decides to withdraw from Tobruk, Hitler forces Rommel to stay
1942
Siege of Tobruk
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 3rd Rommell decides to withdraw from Tobruk, Hitler forces Rommel to stay
1942
Siege of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 3rd Rommell decides to withdraw from Tobruk, Hitler forces Rommel to stay
1942
Supercharge
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 4th The Axis troops are forced to rereat
1942
Invasion of France
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 7th Troops are alerted to the occupation of Vichy France
1942
Battle of Bardia
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 11th The British recapture Bardia
1942
Capture of Vichy
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 11th Germany occupies the remainder of Vichy France
1942
Invasion of France
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 11th German troops advance as far as Toulon
 Nov 11th German troops cross the demarcation line & occupy the Spanish border & Mediterranean
1942
Siege of Toulon
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 11th German troops advance as far as Toulon
1942
Siege of Tunis
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Nov 11th Commands the creation of a bridgehead at Tunis & defends it from advancing Allies
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Nov 12th Most of Stalingrad is captured but the 6th Army's flanks are exposed
1942
Battle of El Alamein
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 13th The British Army recapture Tobruk ending the battle at El Alamein
1942
Battle of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 13th The British Army recaptured Tobruk ending the battle at El Alamein
1942
Capture of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 13th The British Army recapture Tobruk ending the battle at El Alamein
1942
Siege of Tobruk
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 13th The British Army recaptured Tobruk ending the battle at El Alamein
1942
5th Panzer Army
  Arnim, Hans-Jrgen von
 Nov 19th OKW upgrades its presence in Africa by creating the XC Army Corps in Tunisia & creating a new 5th Panzer Army headquarters under the command of Colonel-General Hans-Jrgen von Arnim
1942
Afrika Korps
  Arnim, Hans-Jrgen von
 Nov 19th OKW upgrades its presence in Africa by creating the XC Army Corps in Tunisia & creating a new 5th Panzer Army headquarters under the command of Colonel-General Hans-Jrgen von Arnim
1942
Afrika Korps
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 19th OKW upgrades its presence in Africa by creating the XC Army Corps in Tunisia & creating a new 5th Panzer Army headquarters under the command of Colonel-General Hans-Jrgen von Arnim
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 19th Hitler forbids any retreat or surrender, they are "liquidated" by 25 January 1943
1942
XC Army Corps
  Arnim, Hans-Jrgen von
 Nov 19th OKW upgrades its presence in Africa by creating the XC Army Corps in Tunisia & creating a new 5th Panzer Army headquarters under the command of Colonel-General Hans-Jrgen von Arnim
1942
Army Group A
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 Nov 22nd Placed in command of Army Group A
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Nov 22nd The Sixth Army is completely encircled by the Red Army
1942
Battle of Alamein, El
  Rommel, Erwin Johannes Eugen
 Nov 23rd 23-24 November, defeated by the British
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hitler, Adolf
 Nov 23rd Hitler orders the 6th Army to hold their position
 Nov 23rd The Stalingrad fronts link up, 330,000 Germans are encircled
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Nov 23rd Hitler orders "Where the German Soldier sets his foot, there he remains"
 Nov 23rd The south west & Stalingrad fronts link up, 330,000 Germans are encircled
1942
Siege of Rhzev
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Nov 24th The 4th battle for Rhzev begins
 Nov 24th The Russians lose 42,000 men
1942
Unternehmen Blau
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Nov 24th The 4th battle for Rhzev begins
1942
Field Marshal
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 Nov 27th Has the task of supporting Paulus, given 1 Luftwaffe, 4 panzer & 6 infantry divisions
 Nov 27th Has the task of supporting Paulus, given 1 Luftwaffe, 4 panzer & 6 infantry divisions
1942
Commander
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Dec Appointed Commander of the 6th Army
 Dec Appointed Commander of the 6th Army
1942
Concentration Camps
  Frank, Hans
 Dec 85% of Polish Jews have been transported to concentration camps
1942
Invasion of France
  Felber, Hans-Gustav
 Dec The Army Felber is given the responsibility for the occupation of the Medierranean
1942
Medal
  Langkeit, Willi
 Dec 9th Awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
1942
Siege of Tunis
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Dec 9th Joins up with Rommel to defend Tunis with his newly created XC Corps
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 Dec 12th Manstein is 30 miles away from Stalingrad
 Dec 12th Sets the Panzers rolling to relieve Paulus' trapped 6th Army
1942
Winter Storm
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 Dec 21st Blocked on the Myshkova by the 2nd Guards Army, the German 6th Army cannot break out
 Dec 21st Leads Opeartion Winter Storm to support Field Marshal Paulus
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Hoth, Herman
 Dec 25th Zhukov drives Hoth's army back across Kotelnikov
1942
Battle of Stalingrad
  Paulus, Friedrich von
 Dec 25th Supply lines can no longer reach Paulus on land
 Dec 25th Zhukov drives the Germans back from the nth & sth
1942
Battle of Barents Sea
  Raeder, Erich
 Dec 30th Defeated in battle & later forced to resign by Hitler

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