Biographies A-Z
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Events A-Z
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
General A-Z
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Places A-Z
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Chronology
   World History
Subjects
   Arts
   Astronomy
   Battles
   Births
   Cinema
   Civil War
   Communist
   Constitutions
   Coup
   Deaths
   Democrat
   Diplomacy
   Government
   Hanover
   Independence
   Invasion
   Labour
   Literature
   Military
   Monarchy
   Music
   NAZI
   Normans
   Nuclear
   Plantagenet
   Politics
   Reform
   Religion
   Republic
   Revolution
   Roman
   Rule
   Science
   Socialist
   Sport
   Stuart
   Succession
   Tudor
   Vikings
   Warfare
General
 Bekenntniskirche
 CDP
 CDU
 Church UGR
 Communist Party
 CSU
 Government
 Medicine
 Military
 NSDAP
 Nuclear Warfare
 World War, 2nd
 World War, 2nd
 World War, 2nd
Biographies
 Adenauer, Konrad
 Baeck, Leo
 Blaskowitz, Johannes von
 Bock, Fedor von
 Bonhoeffer, Dietrich
 Bormann, Martin
 Brauchitsch, Walter von
 Braun, Eva
 Dertinger, Georg
 Dietrich, Dietrich
 Doenitz, Karl
 Elser, Georg
 Epp, Franz Ritter von
 Fegelein, Hermann
 Flegel, Erna
 Fromm, Friedrich
 Fuchs, Klaus
 Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 Goering, Herman
 Greim, Robert Ritter von
 Guderian, Heinz
 Hanke, Karl
 Heinrici, Gotthard
 Himmler, Heinrich
 Hitler, Adolf
 Hossbach, Friedrich
 Jodl, Alfred
 Junge, Traudl
 Kaltenbrunner, Ernst
 Keitel, Wilhelm
 Kesselring, Albrecht
 Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
 Kramer, Joseph
 Krebs, Hans
 Krosigk,
 Ley, Robert
 Mackensen, August von
 Manstein, Fritz Erich von
 Misch, Rochus
 Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Morell, Theo
 Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Papen, Franz von
 Raeder, Erich
 Schacht, Horace Greeley Hjalmar
 Schenck, Ernst Gunther
 Schoerner, Ferdinand
 Sch”rner,
 Sperrle, Hugo
 Stalin, Joseph
 Strauss, Franz Josef
 Stumpfegger, Ludwig
 Truman, Harry S
 Ulbricht, Walter
 Weidling, Helmuth
Places
 Adlershorst
 Ardennes
 Bavaria
 Bergen Belsen
 Berlin
 Brandenburg
 Budapest
 Celle
 Cologne
 Dachau
 Dresden
 Flensburg
 Gloggau
 Hamburg
 Lintorf
 Magdeburg
 Nuremberg
 Obbacio
 Oppenheim
 Potsdam
 Potsdam
 Rheims
 River Oder
 Ruhr
 Tabor
 Theresienstadt

The World History Database

The World History Database

Index of Years

1945
Arrest
  Brauchitsch, Walter von
  Brauchitsch is arrested by the Americans but later dies while awaiting trial
1945
Arrest
  Braun, Werner von
  Surrenders to the Americans & allowed to continue his research in the USA
1945
Arrest
  Epp, Franz Ritter von
  Imprisoned by the Americans and die in a prison camp in 1946
1945
Arrest
  Guderian, Heinz
  Arrested but released after not being charged with any war crimes
1945
Arrest
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
  Kleist is captured by United States forces, he ie was sent to Communist Yugoslavia to face alleged war crimes charges in 1946
1945
Arrest
  Krosigk
  Imprisoned for 10 years for war crimes
1945
Arrest
  Manstein, Fritz Erich von
  Arrrested by the British & held until 1953
1945
Arrest
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
  Imprisoned for 2 years
1945
Arrest
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
  Imprisoned by the Russians for 10 years for war crimes
1945
Battle of Ruhr
  Hitler, Adolf
  Hitler orders the destruction of the Ruhr but Model refuses
  Hitler refuses to let Army Group B withdraw
  The Allies encircle Model's Army Group in the Ruhr
1945
CDU
  Adenauer, Konrad
  Founds & leads the Christian Democratic Union
  Rather than revive the Centre Party Adenauer creates the CDU
1945
CDU
  Dertinger, Georg
  Co-founder of the CDU, in the Soviet occupation zone
1945
Chief of Staff
  Krebs, Hans
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OKW
  Appointed Chief-of-Staff of the OKW
1945
Christian Social Union
  Strauss, Franz Josef
  Founds the Christian Social Union & allies with Adenauer's Christian Democrats
1945
Commander
  Blaskowitz, Johannes von
  Given command of the German troops in The Netherlands
  Given command of the German troops in The Netherlands
1945
Commander
  Dietrich, Sepp
  Appointed Commander of the 1st SS Panzer Corps
  Appointed Commander of the 1st SS Panzer Corps
1945
Communist Party
  Ulbricht, Walter
  In East Germany, the KPD (led by Walter Ulbricht) absorbs some elements of the eastern SPD and is renamed the Socialist Unity Party (SED), which becomes the ruling party in East Germany until 1990
1945
Death
  Bonhoeffer, Dietrich
  Death of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, executed
1945
Death
  Elser, Georg
  Death of Elser Elser, executed by the Nazis
1945
Death
  Fegelein, Hermann
  Death of Hermann Fegelein
1945
Death
  Krebs, Hans
  Committs suicide during peace negotiations he is conducting with the Russians
1945
Death
  Ley, Robert
  Death of Robert Ley, suicide
1945
Death
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
  Hitler orders Bormann to send his last will & testament to Doenitz & Schoerner
1945
Execution
  Bonhoeffer, Dietrich
  Execution of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, executed
1945
Execution
  Elser, Georg
  Executedby the Nazis, made to appear as the result of an Allied bombing raid
1945
Execution
  Fegelein, Hermann
  Himmler signs an armistice, Hitler executes Fegelein because of his links with Himmler
1945
General
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
  Appointed General Field Marshal during the last days of the Fuehrenbunker
  Appointed General Field Marshal during the last days of the Fuehrenbunker
1945
Manhattan Project
  Fuchs, Klaus
  Convinced no single country should possess Nuclear weapons so passes secrets to Russia
1945
Marriage
  Bormann, Martin
  Acts as a witness to the wedding ceremony of Hitler & Eva Braun
1945
Mayor
  Adenauer, Konrad
  Appointed Mayor of Cologne
1945
Memo
  Hossbach, Friedrich
  The original is lost but a copy demonstrates, "conspiracy to wage agressive war"
  The original is lost but a copy demonstrates, "conspiracy to wage agressive war"
1945
Minister
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
  Named as Hitler's successor during the final days of in the bunker
  Named as Hitler's successor during the final days of in the bunker
1945
Minister
  Krosigk
  Appointed Foreign Minister
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
  Dietrich, Sepp
  Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment, serves 10 years
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
  Kaltenbrunner, Ernst
  Highest surviving SS-leader, Chief of RSHA, the central Nazi intelligence organ, commanded many of the Einsatzgruppen and several concentration camps, sentenced to death
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
  Keitel, Wilhelm
  Head of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW), sentenced to death
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
  Papen, Franz von
  Acquitted of all charges
1945
Nuremberg War Trials
  Raeder, Erich
  Given life imprisonment but released in 1955
1945
OKH
  Sch”rner, Ferdinand
  Appointed Commander-in-Chief of the OKH
  Appointed Commander-in-Chief of the OKH
1945
OKW
  Krebs, Hans
  Appointed Head of the OKW
  Appointed Head of the OKW
1945
Reichsfhrer
  Hanke, Karl
  Appointed Reichsfhrer-SS
  Appointed Reichsfhrer-SS
1945
Reichskommissar
  Epp, Franz Ritter von
  Becomes Reichskommissar, later Reichsstatthalter, for Bavaria
1945
Surrender
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
  Surrenders to the Americans in Tabor
1945
Trial
  Kleist, Paul Ludwig Ewald von
  Sent to Communist Yugoslavia to face alleged war crimes charges
1945
Trial
  Sperrle, Hugo
  Tried for war crimes but acquited & released in 1948
1945
Will
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
  Hitler orders Bormann to send his last will & testament to Doenitz & Schoerner
1945
Battle of Oder River
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Jan 12th The Soviets launch an attack on the Baranov Bridgehead & cross the River Oder
1945
Battle of Bulge, The
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 Jan 15th Final day of the Battle of the Bulge, gives way to the Allied advance
1945
Evacuation
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 15th Hitler evacuates his HQ at Adlershorst
1945
Invasion of Germany
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 15th Hitler evacuates his HQ at Adlershorst
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Starting on 16 January 1945, the Red Army breached through the German front as a result of the Vistula-Oder Offensive and rapidly advanced westward as fast as 30-40 kilometres a day
1945
Commander
  Schoerner, Ferdinand
 Jan 16th Appointed Commander of the German Central Zone including Berlin
 Jan 16th Appointed Commander of the German Central Zone including Berlin
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Bormann, Martin
 Jan 16th Hitler moves into the Fhrerbunker, he is joined by his senior staff, Martin Bormann, and later, Eva Braun and Joseph Goebbels with Magda and their six children who took residence in the upper Vorbunker
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Flegel, Erna
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler moves into the Fhrerbunker, he is joined by his senior staff, Martin Bormann, and later, Eva Braun and Joseph Goebbels with Magda and their six children who took residence in the upper Vorbunker
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Junge, Traudl
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Misch, Rochus
 Jan 16th Hitler's secretaries include Traudl Junge a nurse named Erna Flegel and telephonist Rochus Misch
1945
Invasion of Germany
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler transfer his HQ to Berlin, he stays there
1945
Siege of Budapest
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 16th Hitler transfers forces from the western front to Budapest
1945
Invasion of Germany
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 20th Russian forces reach Germany for the 1st time
1945
Siege of Gloggau
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Jan 25th Moves his HQ to Gloggau on the Oder to defend it from the Soviet advance
1945
Battle of Bulge
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 28th Hitler's final offensive in nth west Europe is defeated in the battle of the Bulge
1945
Invasion of Poland
  Hitler, Adolf
 Jan 29th Russian troops cross the Polish border
1945
Epidemic
  Kramer, Joseph
 Feb 35,000 die in the 1st 2 months of 1945
1945
Invasion of Germany
  Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 2nd The Russians on the eastern front reach the River Oder
1945
Battle of Rhineland
  Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 10th Hitler agrees to Rundstedt's request to retreat & reconsolidate
 Feb 10th Rundstedt is forbidden to evacuate any city or fortification
1945
Bombing of Dresden
  Hitler, Adolf
 Feb 14th Allied bombing of Dresden leaves 25,000 dead
1945
Army Group Vistula
  Himmler, Heinrich
 Feb 24th The newly created Army Group Vistula, under the command of Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler,attemped a counter-attack but failed by 24 February
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Himmler, Heinrich
 Feb 24th The newly created Army Group Vistula, under the command of Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler,attemped a counter-attack but failed by 24 February
1945
Exile
  Braun, Werner von
 Mar Surrenders to the Americans & allowed to continue his research in the USA
1945
Commander
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 Mar 10th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, West
 Mar 10th Appointed Commander-in-Chief, West
1945
Death
  Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Death of Friedrich Fromm, executed
 Mar 12th Death of Friedrich Fromm, executed
1945
Execution
  Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a People's Court
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a People's Court
1945
Trial
  Fromm, Friedrich
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a People's Court
 Mar 12th Executed after being found guilty by a People's Court
1945
Decree
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 19th Hitler announces a scorched earth policy
1945
Army Group Vistula
  Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th General Gotthard Heinrici is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Vistula replacing Reichsfhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler
1945
Commander
  Heinrici, Gotthard
 Mar 20th Appointed Commander of Army Group Vistula
 Mar 20th Appointed Commander of Army Group Vistula
1945
Commander
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Mar 21st Appointed Commander of the 1st Panzer Army
 Mar 21st Appointed Commander of the 1st Panzer Army
1945
Invasion of Germany
  Nehring, Walter Kurt Josef
 Mar 21st Nehring's priority is to surrender to the west rather than the Russians
 Mar 21st Nehring's priority is to surrender to the west rather than the Russians
1945
Battle of Rhineland
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 23rd Patton crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim
1945
Battle of Rhineland
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 Mar 23rd Patton crosses the Rhine at Oppenheim
1945
Capture of Cologne
  Hitler, Adolf
 Mar 23rd The Allies capture Cologne & cross the Rhine
1945
Dismissal
  Guderian, Heinz
 Mar 28th Dismissed for failing to check the Red Army's advance on Berlin
1945
Arrest
  Papen, Franz von
 April Arrested in the Ruhr by the Allies
1945
Battle of Ruhr
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April Hitler orders the destruction of the Ruhr, Model refuses
 April Hitler refuses to let Army Group B withdraw
 April Model holds out for 18 days until handing over 300,000 troops
 April The Allies encircle Model's Army
1945
Constitution
  Doenitz, Karl
 April In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Health
  Hitler, Adolf
 April Schenk concludes that Hitler will be a cripple within a year
1945
Health
  Schenck, Ernst Gunther
 April Concludes that Hitler will be a cripple within a year
1945
Hitler's Doctor
  Schenck, Ernst Gunther
 April Appointed Hitler's Doctor
1945
Peace
  Bormann, Martin
 April After Hitler's suicide Goebbels & Bormann make attempt to negotiate with the Russians
1945
Peace
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April After Hitler's suicide Goebbels & Bormann attempt to negotiate with the Russians
 April Peace negotiations fail & Goebbels decides to commit suicide
1945
President
  Doenitz, Karl
 April In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Purge
  Goering, Herman
 April Expelled from the Nazi party after trying to seize power
1945
Suicide
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April Advises Hitler to remain in the bunker & die in a blinding Gotterdammerung
1945
Bergen Belsen
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 15th The Allies liberate Bergen-Belsen
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 16th The Red Army start the battle of Berlin by attacking German front line positions on the rivers Oder and Neisse
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 16th The Red Army start the battle of Berlin by attacking German front line positions on the rivers Oder and Neisse
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 19th Soviet spearheads had break through the German lines and start to encircle Berlin
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 19th Soviet spearheads had break through the German lines and start to encircle Berlin
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 20th On his birthday Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to some boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Weidling, Helmuth
 April 20th The German defenses are mainly led by Helmuth Weidling and consisted of several depleted, badly equipped, and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, as well as many Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 20th On his birthday Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to some boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth
1945
Burial
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Shoots himself in woods near Rattingen, buried where he had shot himself under an oak
1945
Death
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Death of Otto Moritz Walter Model, commits suicide
1945
Death
  Stumpfegger, Ludwig
 April 21st Death of Ludwig Stumpfegger, suicide
1945
Exile
  Morell, Theo
 April 21st Flees from the bunker & escapes to Bavaria
1945
Suicide
  Model, Otto Moritz Walter
 April 21st Shoots himself in woods near Rattingen, buried where he had shot himself under an oak
1945
Suicide
  Stumpfegger, Ludwig
 April 21st Kills himself by taking a cyanide capsule in the bunker
 April 21st Provides cyanide capsules to Hitler
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 22nd Declares that the war is lost, he blames the generals and announces that he will stay on in Berlin until the end and then kill himself
1945
Fhrerbunker
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 22nd Declares that the war is lost, he blames the generals and announces that he will stay on in Berlin until the end and then kill himself
1945
Dismissal
  Goering, Herman
 April 23rd Stripped of all offices by Hitler after asking if he could succeed
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Weidling, Karl
 April 24th 1st day of the battle, defends Berlin with 4 Divs, 60,000 men & 50-60 tanks
1945
Siege of Berlin
  Weidling, Karl
 April 24th 1st day of the battle, defends Berlin with 4 Divs, 60,000 men & 50-60 tanks
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Greim, Robert Ritter von
 April 25th Hitler summons Field Marshall Robert Ritter von Greim from Munich to Berlin to take over command of the Luftwaffe from G”ring
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 25th Hitler summons Field Marshall Robert Ritter von Greim from Munich to Berlin to take over command of the Luftwaffe from G”ring
 April 25th The Soviets had consolidated their investment of Berlin and leading Soviet units were probing and penetrating the S-Bahn defensive ring
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Berlin Defense Area
  Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Commander
  Weidling, Helmuth
 April 26th General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling is appointed commander of the Berlin Defense Area
1945
Arrest
  Greim, Robert Ritter von
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to D”nitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Arrest
  Himmler, Heinrich
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to D”nitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Arrest
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 28th Hitler orders von Greim and Reitsch to fly to D”nitz's headquarters at Ploen, Field Marshal von Greim is ordered by Hitler to arrest the "traitor" Himmler
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 28th General Hans Krebs makes his last telephone call from the Fhrerbunker to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel Chief of OKW (German Armed Forces High Command) in Fuerstenberg, Krebs tells Keitel that if relief does not arrive within 48 hours all would be lost
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Krebs, Hans
 April 28th General Hans Krebs makes his last telephone call from the Fhrerbunker to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel Chief of OKW (German Armed Forces High Command) in Fuerstenberg, Krebs tells Keitel that if relief does not arrive within 48 hours all would be lost
1945
Peace
  Himmler, Heinrich
 April 28th Himmler asks Count Bernadotte to convey a peace proposal to US General Dwight D. Eisenhower
1945
Siege of Berlin
  Heinrici, Gotthard
 April 28th Heinrici rejects Hitler's command to hold Berlin at all costs & is relieved of his command
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th At 04:00 hours, in the Fhrerbunker, Hitler signs his last will and testament and, shortly afterwards, married Eva Braun
1945
Dachau
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th The Allies liberate Dachau
1945
Marriage
  Braun, Eva
 April 29th Eva Braun marries Hitler in the Fhrerbunker, witnessed by Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann
 April 29th Staff are instructed to address Eva Braun as Frau Hitler instead of Fraulein Braun
1945
Marriage
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th Marries his mistress Eva Braun in the Bunker
1945
Surrender
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 29th The German Army on the Italian Front surrenders
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th The Soviets rapidly advance through the city and reach the city centre, conquering the Reichstag on 30 April after fierce fighting
1945
Burial
  Braun, Eva
 April 30th The bodies of Hitler & Eva Braun are taken into the Chancellery garden & burnt
1945
Burial
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun's bodies are taken into the Chancellery garden & burnt
1945
Constitution
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 April 30th Hitler commits suicide and is briefly succeeded as Chancellor by Joseph Goebbels, as dictated in Hitler's Last Will and Testament
1945
Constitution
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler commits suicide and is briefly succeeded as Chancellor by Joseph Goebbels, as dictated in Hitler's Last Will and Testament
 April 30th In Hitler's 1945 political testament he appoints Admiral Karl Doenitz to succeed him, but he names Doenitz as President, not Fuehrer, thereby re-establishing a Constitutional office which had lain dormant since Hindenburgs death in 1934
1945
Death
  Braun, Eva
 April 30th Death of Eva Braun, commits suicide with Hitler at the Fhrerbunker
1945
Death
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun shoot themselves
1945
Flensburg Government
  Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Doenitz forms what becomes known as the Flensburg Government, which controlled only a tiny area of Germany near the Danish border, including the town of Flensburg
1945
Government
  Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Forms a new Cabinet & orders an unconditional surrender
1945
President
  Doenitz, Karl
 April 30th Doenitz forms what becomes known as the Flensburg Government, which controlled only a tiny area of Germany near the Danish border, including the town of Flensburg
 April 30th Appointed President of the Reich & Hitler's successor, on the day of Hitler's death
 April 30th Appointed President of the Reich & Hitler's successor, on the day of Hitler's death
1945
Siege of Berlin
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Commits suicide when the Russians reach Potsdamerplatz a block from the Bunker, 3:30PM
1945
Suicide
  Braun, Eva
 April 30th Death of Eva Braun, commits suicide with Hitler at the Fhrerbunker
1945
Suicide
  Hitler, Adolf
 April 30th Commits suicide when the Russians reach Potsdamerplatz a block from the Bunker, 3:30PM
 April 30th Hitler & Eva Braun shoot themselves
1945
Burial
  Braun, Eva
 May Braun's remains are discovered by the Russians & secretly buried at the SMERSH compound
1945
Elder of the Jews
  Baeck, Leo
 May And after the camp is liberated by the Russians in May 1945, becomes the Jewish figure head as the Elder of the Jews
1945
Reichsvereinigung
  Baeck, Leo
 May And after the camp is liberated by the Russians in May 1945, becomes the Jewish figure head as the Elder of the Jews
1945
Death
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 May 1st Administers poison to his 6 children & shoots his wife & himself in Hitler's bunker
1945
Surrender
  Hitler, Adolf
 May 1st German troops in Italy, Austria, Holland & Norway surrender
1945
Battle of Berlin
  Weidling, Helmuth
 May 2nd General Weidling finally surrenders with his staff at 06:00 hours, he was taken to see General Vasily Chuikov at 08:23, Weidling agrees to order the city's defenders to surrender to the Soviets
1945
Surrender
  Doenitz, Karl
 May 2nd Berlin surrenders to the Soviet Army
1945
Death
  Bock, Fedor von
 May 4th Death of Fedor von Bock during an Allied raid on Hamburg
1945
Surrender
  Kesselring, Albrecht
 May 6th Surrenders to the Americans
1945
Arrest
  Schacht, Horace Greeley Hjalmar
 May 7th Rescued from a POW camp at Prager Wildsee by the British 5th Army
1945
Suicide
  Goebbels, Paul Joseph
 May 7th Bodies of Goebbels, his wife & 5 children are found in a shelter near the Reichstag
1945
Surrender
  Doenitz, Karl
 May 7th Unconditional surrender of all German forces to the Allies
 May 7th Authorizes unconditional surrender of all German fighting forces
1945
Surrender
  Krosigk
 May 7th Proclaims the capitulation of Germany to the Allies in a national broadcast
1945
Surrender
  Jodl, Alfred
 May 8th All active operations are to cease at 23:01 Central European Time on 8 May 1945
 May 8th At 02:42 on 7 May 1945, at the SHAEF headquarters in Reims, France, the Chief-of-Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command, Colonel General Alfred Jodl, signs the German Instrument of Surrender
 May 8th Signs the German surrender to the Allies at Rheims, effective from May 8
1945
Surrender
  Keitel, Wilhelm
 May 9th Signs act of military surrender to the Allies
 May 9th Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel signs the final German Instrument of Surrender entering into force at 23:01 Central European Time
1945
Arrest
  Jodl, Alfred
 May 22nd Jodl & Donitz are arrested by the Allies
1945
Flensburg Government
  Doenitz, Karl
 May 23rd Dissolved by the Allies
1945
Arrest
  Himmler, Heinrich
 May 25th Arrested by British troops
1945
Death
  Himmler, Heinrich
 May 27th Commits suicide
1945
Berlin Declaration
  Doenitz, Karl
 June 5th The Allied Berlin Declaration abolishes all the institutions of German civil Government, and establishes that the Constitution no longer holds any legal force
1945
Conference of Potsdam
  Stalin, Joseph
 July Germany is divided into 4 zones
1945
Conference of Potsdam
  Truman, Harry S
 July 17th Germany will divided into 4 zones
1945
Death
  Kramer, Joseph
 Nov Death of Joseph Kramer, executed
1945
Execution
  Kramer, Joseph
 Nov Execution of Joseph Kramer
1945
Death
  Mackensen, August von
 Nov 8th Death of August von Mackensen

Arts
  A-Z
  Events
  General
  Literature
  Popular Music
Battles
  A-Z
  000-499
  500-999
  1000-1299
  1300-1599
  1600-1899
  1900-2009
Chronology
  Calendar
  Year
Births, Deaths & Marriages
  Births
  Deaths
  Marriages
Governments
  A-Z
  000-499
  500-999
  1000-1299
  1300-1499
  1500-1599
  1600-1899
  1900-1944
  1945-1969
  1970-2011
  Diplomacy
  Elections
  Presidents
  Prime Ministers
Military
  A-Z
  Events
  000-1699
  1700-1899
  1900-2011
Monarchy
  A-Z
  000-499
  500-999
  1000-1299
  1300-1499
  1500-1599
  1600-1899
  1900-2009
  Abdications
  Coronations
  Emperor
  King
  Queen
Religion
  A-Z
  Events
  000-1699
  1700-1899
  1900-2009
Science
  A-Z
  Events
Sport
  A-Z
  Events
Warfare
  A-Z
  000-499
  500-999
  1000-1299
  1300-1599
  1600-1799
  1800-1899
  1900-1938
  1935-1945
  1946-2009
  Battles
  Bombing
  Civil Wars
  Capture
  League of Nations
  NATO
  Nuclear
  Revolutions
  Rule
  Sieges
  Treaties
  UN
  WW1
  WW2
World Leaders
  A-Z
  Events
  000-1699
  1700-1899
  1900-1944
  1945-1969
  1970-2009


Web Page Visitor Counter