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House Balliol
Biographies
Balliol,
Devorgilla,
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The World History Database

The World History Database

House of Balliol
History of Scotland


1229
Birth
Balliol,
  Birth of John de Balliol
1291
Succession
Balliol,
  Forwards his candidacy for the Scottish throne to Edward I
  40 claimants to the Scottish throne are nominated by Robert I & 40 by Edward Balliol
  Edward I sets up a committee to hear the Scottish claimants
 April 16th Summoned by Edward I to meet him to settle the Scottish succession
 June 3rd Meets Edward I to help settle the Scottish succession
1292
Coronation
Balliol,
  Crowned King of Scotland, St Andrew's day
 Nov 17th Crowned on the stone of destiny at Scone
1292
Homage
Balliol,
 Dec Pays homage to Edward I at Newcastle
 Dec 26th Pays homage to Edward I at Newcastle in the castle hall
1292
Inauguration
Balliol,
 Nov 30th Inaugurated King of Scotland on St Andrew's Day
1292
Stone of Destiny
Balliol,
 Nov 17th Crowned on the stone of destiny at Scone
1292
Succession
Balliol,
 Oct 14th Court accepts Balliol's claim to follow the primogeniture laws of England & Scotland
 Nov 17th Edward I decides in favour of John Balliol
 Nov 17th Edward I hands over the seisn of Scotland to Edward Balliol
 Nov 20th Edward Balliol takes the oath of feality as King of Scotland to Edward I
1292
Treaty of Brigham
Balliol,
 Nov 17th Edward I decides in favour of John Balliol
 Nov 17th Edward I renounces the treaty of Brigham making John his vassal
1294
Trial
Balliol,
  The Scotish Parliament sets up a Committee to which John Balliol is answerable
1295
Alliance
Balliol,
  Agrees his son Edward will marry Philip IV's niece
  Edward I demands payment from the Scots to finance war with France
  Forms a military Alliance with Philip IV
  Scotland makes an Alliance with France
 July 5th Betrothed to Joan, eldest daughter of Charles of Valois, brother to the French King
1295
Diplomacy
Balliol,
  Edward I demands payment from the Scots to finance war with France
  Scotland makes an Alliance with France
1295
Marriage
Balliol,
  Agrees his son Edward will marry Philip IV's niece
 July 5th Betrothed to Joan, eldest daughter of Charles of Valois, brother to the French King
1296
Abdication
Balliol,
 July 10th Forced to abdicate, after this follows the 2nd interregnum, 1296-1306
1296
Dismissal
Balliol,
  Earns the name "Toom Tabard"
  Stripped of all Royal trappings
  Earns the name "Toom Tabard"
  Stripped of all Royal trappings
1299
Arrest
Balliol,
  Released in 1299 and leaves for his French estates where he died in 1313 blind and largely forgotten
1299
Exile
Balliol,
  Released in 1299 and leaves for his French estates where he died in 1313 blind and largely forgotten
1313
Death
Balliol,
  Death of John Balliol, to future generations known as 'Toom Tabard', meaning 'empty' coat
1331
Homage
Balliol,
  After his coronation Balliol rides to York & pays homage to Edward III
1332
Coronation
Balliol,
 Sep 24th Balliol's grip on the throne is so weak that he wears armour throughout his coronation
 Sep 24th Crowned King of Scotland
1332
Exile
Balliol,
 Dec 19th Forced to flee by the Earl of Moray & Sir Archibald Douglas, supporters of David Bruce
1332
Invasion of Scotland
Balliol,
 Aug Lands at Kinghorn in Fife & marches towards Dunfermlin
1332
Succession
Balliol,
 Sep 24th Claims the throne during the minority of David II after the Battle of Dupplin Muir
1333
Succession
Balliol,
  Restored to the throne by Edward III but cedes most of southern Scotland in return
  Succeeds as King of Scotland
1334
Homage
Balliol,
 June 19th Agrees to pay homage to Edward III
1341
Exile
Balliol,
  David II returns to Scotland & Edward goes into exile in England
1356
Abdication
Balliol,
  Fails to establish his authority over the Scots & gives up his lands to Edward
1209
Birth
Devorgilla,
  Birth of Devorgilla, future wife of John Balliol
1289
Death
Devorgilla,
  Death of Devorgilla

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