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The World History Database

The World History Database

Antonio Agostinho Neto
History of Angola


1922
Birth
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Birth of Antonio Agostinho Neto
1956
Invasion of Angola
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Attempts a failed offensive from on Angola from Zambia
1956
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Movimento popular de Libertacao de Angola, a Marxist rival to the UPA
  The Angolan Communist Party (PCA) merges with the Party of the United Struggle for Africans in Angola (PLUA) to form the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola with Viriato da Cruz, the President of the PCA, as Secretary General
  The MPLA was founded in 1956 as a Marxist party with a strong following in the Angolan capital, Luanda, it is first led by Antonio Neto
1960
Arrest
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Arrested by Portuguese authorities, 1960-1962
  Escapes to Morocco
1962
Independence
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The MPLA adopts and reaffirms its policies for an independent Angola, democracy, multiracialism, national liberation of the entire colony, non-alignment, no foreign military bases in Angola, and nationalization
1962
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The MPLA adopts and reaffirms its policies for an independent Angola, democracy, multiracialism, national liberation of the entire colony, non-alignment, no foreign military bases in Angola, and nationalization
  The MPLA holds a party congress, Viriato da Cruz, found to be "slow, negligent, and adverse to planning," is replaced by Agostinho Neto
1962
President
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Appointed President of the Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola
1963
Independence
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The MPLA commences military operations against the Portuguese in 1963
1963
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The MPLA commences military operations against the Portuguese in 1963
1965
Diplomacy
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Meets Che Guevara & wins Cuban support
1965
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Neto meets Marxist leader Che Guevara and soon receives funding from the Governments of Cuba, German Democratic Republic, and the Soviet Union
  The MPLA begin forming squadrons of 100 to 150 militants, armed with 60mm and 81mm mortar, to attack Portuguese outposts
1972
Battle of Moxico
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Feb Neto, defeated, retreats with 800 militants to the Republic of the Congo
 Feb South African Defense Forces engage the MPLA forces in Moxico destroying the Communist presence and the Eastern Front
1973
Ho Chi Minh Camp
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The Portuguese conduct counter-insurgency sweeps against MPLA forces in 1972 and 1973, destroying the Ho Chi Minh camp
1974
Agreement of Alvor
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 July Holden Roberto, Agostinho Neto, and Jonas Savimbi met in Bukavu, Zaire agree to negotiate with the Portuguese as one political entity
1975
Constitution
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Proclaims the Peoples Republic of Angola
1975
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  The civil war is mainly a conflict between two primary Angolan factions, the Communist MPLA and the anti-Communist UNITA
1975
President
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
  Appointed President of Angola
1975
Agreement of Alvor
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Jan 15th Goes to Portugal & agrees to form a coaltion Government with Roberto & Savimbi
 Jan 15th The Alvor Agreement grants Angola independence from Portugal on November 11, ending the war for independence while marking the transition to civil war
1975
Independence
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Jan 15th The Alvor Agreement grants Angola independence from Portugal on November 11, ending the war for independence while marking the transition to civil war
1975
Capture of Luanda
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 July The MPLA drive the FNLA out of Luanda & the Government collapses
1975
Agreement of Alvor
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Oct The free elections the agreement had provided for by October 31, 1975 were finally held in 1992, UNITA, in 2nd place, did not accept the outcome and the civil war continued for another 10 years, only to end in 2002, when UNITA leader Savimbi got killed
 Oct The MPLA, FNLA & UNITA agree to hold the first assembly elections in October 1975
1975
Election
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Oct The MPLA, FNLA & UNITA agree to hold the first assembly elections in October 1975
1975
Alvor Accords
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th Agostinho Neto, the leader of the MPLA, declares the independence of the Peoples Republic of Angola, in accordance with the Alvor Accords
1975
FLEC
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th UNITA and the FNLA also declare Angolan independence as the Social Democratic Republic of Angola based in Huambo and the Democratic Republic of Angola based in Ambriz
1975
FNLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th UNITA and the FNLA also declare Angolan independence as the Social Democratic Republic of Angola based in Huambo and the Democratic Republic of Angola based in Ambriz
1975
Independence
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th Agostinho Neto, the leader of the MPLA, declares the independence of the Peoples Republic of Angola, in accordance with the Alvor Accords
 Nov 11th Agostinho Neto, the leader of the MPLA, declares the independence of the Peoples Republic of Angola, in accordance with the Alvor Accords
 Nov 11th UNITA and the FNLA also declare Angolan independence as the Social Democratic Republic of Angola based in Huambo and the Democratic Republic of Angola based in Ambriz
1975
MPLA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th Agostinho Neto, the leader of the MPLA, declares the independence of the Peoples Republic of Angola, in accordance with the Alvor Accords
1975
UNITA
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 11th UNITA and the FNLA also declare Angolan independence as the Social Democratic Republic of Angola based in Huambo and the Democratic Republic of Angola based in Ambriz
1976
Battle of Dead Road
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 10th 400 years of Portuguese dominion end, Netu becomes the first president of Angola, his Government is officially recognized by the OAS
1976
Independence
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Nov 10th 400 years of Portuguese dominion end, Netu becomes the first president of Angola, his Government is officially recognized by the OAS
1977
Invasion of Zaire
Neto, Antonio Agostinho
 Mar 7th 1,500 members of the Front for the National Liberation of the Congo (FNLC) invade Shaba, Zaire from eastern Angola, the FNLC want to overthrow Mobutu and the Angolan Government

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